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Bhagavad Gita Chapter 9 Verse 19

भगवद् गीता अध्याय 9 श्लोक 19

तपाम्यहमहं वर्षं निगृह्णाम्युत्सृजामि च।
अमृतं चैव मृत्युश्च सदसच्चाहमर्जुन।।9.19।।

हिंदी अनुवाद - स्वामी तेजोमयानंद

।।9.19।। हे अर्जुन मैं ही (सूर्य रूप में) तपता हूँ मैं वर्षा का निग्रह और उत्सर्जन करता हूँ। मैं ही अमृत और मृत्यु एवं सत् और असत् हूँ।।

Brahma Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

The word sat meaning eternal unmanifest spirit is the action and asat denoting the temporary, physical manifestation is the cause. The sat is not evident in the beginning but because it is evident on manifestation the wise call the action asat being the unmanifested form of the manifested form and the cause. The Mahabharata explains that creation is comprised of sat and asat and both are superior to material manifestations. Now begins the summation. Now Madhvacarya clarifies some of the concepts from verses 16, 17 and 18 as well in this summary. Because the Supreme Lord Krishna is always propitiated by all His creation He is Rig. Since all His forms are the same in essence He is Sama and due to the fact that He is the ultimate goal of all offerings from all beings He is Yajus. Being the first and final recipient of all yajna or offerings and worship the Supreme Lord is know as Yagna. As He is the activator of creation He is kratu the rituals. As He is not supported by anything other than Himself, He is svadha offerings to the anscestors. As He is always meditated upon He is mantra the Vedic chants. As He is solace for the afflicted He is saranam or shelter. Since Lord Krishna is superior to Brahma, Siva, the demigods or any other gods, He is ajya the first offering of ghee. As He is the holder of dara the conch shell He is dhata the holder. As He, Himself is the oblations of yagna He is hutam or the offering in the fire. As He is the energiser of the creation which cannot be energised on its own He is agni the fire. The Supreme Lord being completely independent in Himself solely is different from all the above mentioned things; yet He is inseparable from them all being their essence thus He is known by them. Since He is referred to as OM in Vedic yagnas, the resplendent Supreme Lord has a His own personal tranccendental sound vibration known as OM-kara. Since He patronises all the Supreme Lord is pitaham the father. Since He comprehends all the needs of everything in creation He is the matah or mother. Since He is superior to even Prajapati who designed and constructed the worlds he is pitamahah the grandsire . Since He is the ultimate abode of all He is sthanam the basis of all. Since He is the protector of all He is suhrt the dear most friend. He is the root cause for the manifestation of existence He is the avyayam bijam the imperishable seed. Since periodically He terminates all life He is pralaya the dissolution concluding the end cycle for all created beings as mrtyuh or inevitable death. He is also certainly amritam or immortal and resides within the body sustaining life and distancing death. The Shabda Nirnaya states that: Since the Supreme Lord Krishna possesses in full all auspicious attributes and qualities, He is sat or the eternal unmanifest spirit sat because there is nothing independent from to Him and He is asat as well because there is independent from Him.