ज्ञानयज्ञेन चाप्यन्ये यजन्तो मामुपासते।
एकत्वेन पृथक्त्वेन बहुधा विश्वतोमुखम्।।9.15।।
।।9.15।।दूसरे साधक ज्ञानयज्ञके द्वारा एकीभावसे (अभेदभावसे) मेरा पूजन करते हुए मेरी उपासना करते हैं और दूसरे कई साधक अपनेको पृथक् मानकर चारों तरफ मुखवाले मेरे विराट्रूपकी अर्थात् संसारको मेरा विराट्रूप मानकर (सेव्यसेवकभावसे) मेरी अनेक प्रकारसे उपासना करते हैं।
9.15 Anye, others, giving up others forms of adoration; ca, verily; upasate, worship; mam, Me, God; yajantah, by adoring, glorifying; api, exclusively; jnana-yajnene ekatvena, through the sacrifice of the knowledge of oneness-knowledge of God itself being the sacrifice; and that knowledge consists in the realization of the highest truth that the supreme Brahman is verily one. Adoring with that (knowledge) they worship Me. And some others Me prthaktvena, multifariously-in different forms as the sun, moon, etc. They worship (Me) by thinking that, Visnu who is God Himself exists in different forms as the sun etc. Still others worship Me thinking that, that very God who is visvatomukhah, mulitiformed, who has His facr everywhere, i.e., who is the Cosmic Person; exists bahudha, variously. In numerous ways they worship Him, the Cosmic Person, who has His face everywhere. If they worship in numerous ways, how is it that they worship You alone? Hence the Lord says:
9.13-15 Mahatmanah etc., upto Visvato-mukham. Divine nature i.e., of goodness. Offering sacrifices : i.e., by means of sacrifices with the external materials. But others worship Me with knowledge-sacrifice only. Hence through knowledge some [worship Me] as One, while others [worship Me] as Many through the action-Yoga. However all conceive Me alone, as their highest goal. But, action certainly abounds in the idea of duality, because it is coextensive with hosts of different causes (karakas). So how can it lead to the Absolute state ? It is answered [as] :
9.15 Other high-minded persons worship Me by singing My names, etc., already described; and they also perform the sacrifice called knowledge. They worship Me, who, by being characterised by diversity in various ways in the form of the cosmos, is a multiform, namely, having all entities as modes (Prakaras) and also as One (the Prakari). The purport is this: The Lord Vasudeva alone, having the body comprising animate and inanimate entities in an extremely subtle form (in the state of Cosmic dissolution) incapable of distinctness by name and form, resolves by His unfailing true will power: May I become embodied in gross animate and inanimate entities, distinguished variously by name and form. He alone then abides, with the variegated cosmos as His body, comprising gods, animals, men and immobile things. They worship Me by contemplating on Me thus. Therefore Sri Krsna declares: I, having the universe for My body, alone abide.
Jnaanayajnena chaapyanye yajanto maamupaasate; Ekatwena prithaktwena bahudhaa vishwatomukham.
jñāna-yajñena—yajña of cultivating knowledge; cha—and; api—also; anye—others; yajantaḥ—worship; mām—Me; upāsate—worship; ekatvena—undifferentiated oneness; pṛithaktvena—separately; bahudhā—various; viśhwataḥ-mukham—the cosmic form