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⮪ BG 3.17 Bhagwad Gita Sanskrit Translation BG 3.19⮫

Bhagavad Gita Chapter 3 Verse 18

भगवद् गीता अध्याय 3 श्लोक 18

नैव तस्य कृतेनार्थो नाकृतेनेह कश्चन।
न चास्य सर्वभूतेषु कश्िचदर्थव्यपाश्रयः।।3.18।।

हिंदी अनुवाद - स्वामी रामसुख दास जी ( भगवद् गीता 3.18)

।।3.18।।उस (कर्मयोगसे सिद्ध हुए) महापुरुषका इस संसारमें न तो कर्म करनेसे कोई प्रयोजन रहता है और न कर्म न करनेसे ही कोई प्रयोजन रहता है तथा सम्पूर्ण प्राणियोंमें (किसी भी प्राणीके साथ) इसका किञ्चिन्मात्र भी स्वार्थका सम्बन्ध नहीं रहता।

English Translation of Sanskrit Commentary By Sri Shankaracharya's

3.18 Moreover, tasya, for him, who rejoices in the supreme Self; na, there is no; artham, concern; eva, at all; krtena, with performing action. Objection: In that case, let there be some evil called sin owing to non-performance! Reply: Iha, here, in this world; na, nor is there; for him kascana, any (concern); akrtena, with nonperfromance. Certainly there is no evil in the form of incurring sin or in the form of self-destruction. Ca, moreover; asya, for him; na asti, there is no; kascit artha-vyapasrayah sarva-bhutesu, dependence on any object, from Brahma to an unmoving thing, to serve any purpose. Vyapasrayah is the same as vyapasrayanam, dependence, which is possible of being created by action promted by necessity. (For him) there is no end to gain by depending on any praticular object, due to which there can be some action for that purpose. You (Arjuna) are not established in this fullest realization which is comparable to a flood all around.

English Translation of Commentary - Dr. S. Sankaranarayan

3.18 See Comment under 3.19

English Translation of Ramanuja's Sanskrit Commentary

3.18 Thus, for such a one there is no purpose, i.e., nothing to be gained from work done as a means for the vision of the self, nor is he subject to any evil or calamity from work left undone, because his vision of the self does not rest on any external means. To such a person who has turned by himself away from non-intelligent matter which is different from the self, there is nothing acceptable as a purpose to be gained from the constituents of Prakrti and their products; only if there were such a purpose, there would be the need for the means of retreat therefrom. For, the adoption of the means is only for effecting such a retreat. But he is verily liberated. Non-pursuit of the means for vision of the self is only for that person whose vision of the self no longer depends on any means. But Karma Yoga is better in gaining the vision of the self for one who is in pursuit of the means for that vision, because it is easy to perfom, because it is secure from possible error, because the contemplation of the true nature of the self is included in it, and because even for a Jnana Yogin the performance of minimum activity is necessary. For these reasons, Karma Yoga is better as a means for the vision of the Atman.

Transliteration Bhagavad Gita 3.18

Naiva tasya kritenaartho naakriteneha kashchana; Na chaasya sarvabhooteshu kashchidartha vyapaashrayah.

Word Meanings Bhagavad Gita 3.18

na—not; eva—indeed; tasya—his; kṛitena—by discharge of duty; arthaḥ—gain; na—not; akṛitena—without discharge of duty; iha—here; kaśhchana—whatsoever; na—never; cha—and; asya—of that person; sarva-bhūteṣhu—among all living beings; kaśhchit—any; artha—necessity; vyapāśhrayaḥ—to depend upon