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Bhagavad Gita Chapter 2 Verse 36

भगवद् गीता अध्याय 2 श्लोक 36

अवाच्यवादांश्च बहून् वदिष्यन्ति तवाहिताः।
निन्दन्तस्तव सामर्थ्यं ततो दुःखतरं नु किम्।।2.36।।

हिंदी अनुवाद - स्वामी रामसुख दास जी ( भगवद् गीता 2.36)

।।2.36।।तेरे शत्रुलोग तेरी सार्मथ्यकी निन्दा करते हुए न कहनेयोग्य बहुतसे वचन कहेंगे। उससे बढ़कर और दुःखकी बात क्या होगी

हिंदी अनुवाद - स्वामी तेजोमयानंद

।।2.36।। तुम्हारे शत्रु तुम्हारे सार्मथ्य की निन्दा करते हुए बहुत से अकथनीय वचनों को कहेंगे? फिर उससे अधिक दुख क्या होगा

हिंदी टीका - स्वामी रामसुख दास जी

 2.36।। व्याख्या  अवाच्यवादांश्च ৷৷. निन्दन्तस्तव सामर्थ्यम्   अहित नाम शत्रुका है  अहित करनेवालेका है। तेरे जो दुर्योधन दुःशासन कर्ण आदि शत्रु हैं तेरे वैर न रखनेपर भी वे स्वयं तेरे साथ वैर रखकर तेरा अहित करनेवाले हैं। वे तेरी सामर्थ्यको जानते हैं कि यह बड़ा भारी शूरवीर है। ऐसा जानते हुए भी वे तेरी सामर्थ्यकी निन्दा करेंगे कि यह तो हिजड़ा है। देखो यह युद्धके मौकेपर हो गया न अलग क्या यह हमारे सामने टिक सकता है क्या यह हमारे साथ युद्ध कर सकता है इस प्रकार तुझे दुःखी करनेके लिये तेरे भीतर जलन पैदा करनेके लिये न जाने कितने न कहनेलायक वचन कहेंगे। उनके वचनोंको तू कैसे सहेगा सम्बन्ध   पीछेके चार श्लोकोंमें युद्ध न करनेसे हानि बताकर अब भगवान् आगेके दो श्लोकोंमें युद्ध करनेसे लाभ बताते हैं।

हिंदी टीका - स्वामी चिन्मयानंद जी

।।2.36।। यह देखकर कि अर्जुन के मन में इन तर्कों का अनुकूल प्रभाव पड़ रहा है श्रीकृष्ण उसको युद्ध से पलायन करने में जो दोष हैं उन्हें और अधिक स्पष्ट करके दिखाते हैं। लोकनिन्दा युद्ध से पलायन का आरोप इतिहास में अपकीर्ति इनसे बढ़कर एक सम्मानित व्यक्ति के लिये और अधिक दुख क्या हो सकता है

English Translation - Swami Gambirananda

2.36 And your enemies will speak many indecent words while denigrating your might. What can be more painful than that?

English Translation - Swami Sivananda

2.36 Thy enemies also, cavilling at thy power, will speak many abusive words. What is more painful than this?

English Translation - Dr. S. Sankaranarayan

2.36. Slandering your ability, the enemies will talk of you many sayings that should not be talked of. Is there anything more painful than that ?

English Commentary - Swami Sivananda

2.36 अवाच्यवादान् words that are improper to be spoken? च and? बहून् many? वदिष्यन्ति will say? तव thy? अहिताः enemies? निन्दन्तः cavilling? तव thy? सामर्थ्यम् power? ततः than this? दुःखतरम् more painful? नु indeed? किम् what.Commentary There is really no pain more unbearable and tormenting that that of slander thus incurred.

English Translation of Sanskrit Commentary By Sri Shankaracharya's

2.36 Ca, and besieds; tava, your; ahitah, enemies; vadisyanti, will speak; bahun, many, various kinds of; avacya-vadan, indecent words, unutterable words; nindantah, while denigrating, scorning; tava, your; samarthyam, might earned from battles against Nivatakavaca and others. Therefore, kim nu, what can be; duhkhataram, more painful; tatah, than that, than the sorrow arising from being scorned? That is to say, there is no greater pain than it.

English Translation of Commentary - Dr. S. Sankaranarayan

2.36 See Comment under 2.37

English Translation of Ramanuja's Sanskrit Commentary

2.36 Moreover, your enemies, the sons of Dhrtarastra, will make many remarks unutterably slanderous and disparaging to heroes, saying, How can this Partha stand in the presence of us, who are heroes, even for a moment? His prowess is elsewhere than in our presence. Can there be anything more painful to you than this? You yourself will understand that death is preferable to subjection to disparagement of this kind. Sri Krsna now says that for a hero, enemies being slain by oneself and oneself being slain by enemies are both conducive to supreme bliss.

Commentary - Chakravarthi Ji

They will speak of you in ill terms such as “coward”.

Rudra Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

The condemnations from his enemies regarding Arjunas failure to execute his duty as a ksatriya are presented in this verse.

Brahma Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

There is no commentary for this verse.

Shri Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

Ramanuja. Bhagavad-Gita: chapter 2, verse 37 If in fighting for righteousness Arjuna is slain in the battle then he will attain superior bliss in the heavenly spheres; but if he is victorious in battle by the slaying the miscreants then he will find himself in the position of unrivalled enjoyment and rulership of earthly royalty. Dividing and conquering, defending and ruling are the natural duties of ksatriya royalty. Discharging these duties with no anticipation for the fruits of the results will be the means by which Arjuna attains unparalleled bliss. So Arjuna should properly prepare his mind for war by fortifying himself with the firm conviction that embarking on the course of a righteous war is the guaranteed means for him to achieve moksa or final salvation which means precisely the embodied soul becoming eternally liberated from the fetters of material existence and which is without a doubt the great hurdle to be overcome in human existence. Arjuna is called here Kaunteya to remind him that such conduct is indeed representative as a son of the great devotee Queen Kunti. Next will be revealed the apropos mentality of a living entity aspiring for salvation.

Kumara Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

Ramanuja. Bhagavad-Gita: chapter 2, verse 37 If in fighting for righteousness Arjuna is slain in the battle then he will attain superior bliss in the heavenly spheres; but if he is victorious in battle by the slaying the miscreants then he will find himself in the position of unrivalled enjoyment and rulership of earthly royalty. Dividing and conquering, defending and ruling are the natural duties of ksatriya royalty. Discharging these duties with no anticipation for the fruits of the results will be the means by which Arjuna attains unparalleled bliss. So Arjuna should properly prepare his mind for war by fortifying himself with the firm conviction that embarking on the course of a righteous war is the guaranteed means for him to achieve moksa or final salvation which means precisely the embodied soul becoming eternally liberated from the fetters of material existence and which is without a doubt the great hurdle to be overcome in human existence. Arjuna is called here Kaunteya to remind him that such conduct is indeed representative as a son of the great devotee Queen Kunti. Next will be revealed the apropos mentality of a living entity aspiring for salvation.

Transliteration Bhagavad Gita 2.36

Avaachyavaadaamshcha bahoon vadishyanti tavaahitaah; Nindantastava saamarthyam tato duhkhataram nu kim.

Word Meanings Bhagavad Gita 2.36

avāchya-vādān—using harsh words; cha—and; bahūn—many; vadiṣhyanti—will say; tava—your; ahitāḥ—enemies; nindantaḥ—defame; tava—your; sāmarthyam—might; tataḥ—than that; duḥkha-taram—more painful; nu—indeed; kim—what