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Bhagavad Gita Chapter 15 Verse 18

भगवद् गीता अध्याय 15 श्लोक 18

यस्मात्क्षरमतीतोऽहमक्षरादपि चोत्तमः।
अतोऽस्मि लोके वेदे च प्रथितः पुरुषोत्तमः।।15.18।।

हिंदी अनुवाद - स्वामी रामसुख दास जी ( भगवद् गीता 15.18)

।।15.18।।मैं क्षरसे अतीत हूँ और अक्षरसे भी उत्तम हूँ? इसलिये लोकमें और वेदमें पुरुषोत्तम नामसे प्रसिद्ध हूँ।

English Translation of Sanskrit Commentary By Sri Shankaracharya's

15.18 Yasmat, since; aham, I; am atitah, transcendental; ksaram, to the mutable-I am beyond the Tree of Maya, called the Peepul Tree, which this worldly existence is; and uttamah, above, most excellent or the highest; as compared with api, even; the akasarat, immutable, which is the seed of the Tree of worldly existence; atah, hence, by virtue of being the most excellent as compared with the mutable and the immutable; aham, I; am prathitah, well known; loke, in the world; and vede, in the Vedas; as purusottamah, the supreme Person. Devoted persons know Me thus, and poets also use this name Purusottama in their poetry etc.; they extol Me with this name. Thereafter, now is stated this result attained by one who knows the Self as described:

English Translation of Commentary - Dr. S. Sankaranarayan

15.16-18 Dvav imau etc. upto Purusottamah. What has been stated in the passage There are two persons in the world etc., is this : The body organism is made of the earth and other elements. In the world every person, unitelligent by nature, takes the body for the Self and [hence] views the Soul to be of perishing nature. Hence, the sense of duality does not come to an end with regard to the worldly persons, because of their delusion. But I am (the I-consciousness is) the One favouring all, and by cutting the daulity-knot I am to be realised as the One pervading all. (I) have transcended the perishing : Since the elements are insentient. (I) have transcended the nonperishing : Since the omnipresence [of the Self] is cut off (not comprehended) when the Self is not properly realised. In the world and in the Veda too I am acclaimed as the Highest of Persons : The Self same Supreme Self, admitting no duality, is described in this manner with the sentences He is he Highest Person and the like.

English Translation of Ramanuja's Sanskrit Commentary

15.18 Inasmuch as I transcend the perishable (i.e., bound) Person of the aforesaid nature, and I am higher, for reasons stated earlier, than the imperishable Person or liberated self, therefore I am styled the Supreme Person in the Smrti and Srutis. The Smrti is called Loka by reason of its leading to the meaning of the Vedas. The meaning is that I am famous in the Srutis and in the Smrti. In the Sruti for instance; Reaching the Supreme Light, it appears in its own nature. He is the Supreme Person (Cha. U., 8.12.3). In the Smrti we have texts like I will approach Him (Sri Krsna), the Supreme Person who is the incarnation of a portion of Visnu, who is without beginning, middle or end (V. P., 5.17.33).

Transliteration Bhagavad Gita 15.18

Yasmaat ksharam ateeto’hamaksharaadapi chottamah; Ato’smi loke vede cha prathitah purushottamah.

Word Meanings Bhagavad Gita 15.18

yasmāt—hence; kṣharam—to the perishable; atītaḥ—transcendental; aham—I; akṣharāt—to the imperishable; api—even; cha—and; uttamaḥ—transcendental; ataḥ—therefore; asmi—I am; loke—in the world; vede—in the Vedas; cha—and; prathitaḥ—celebrated; puruṣha-uttamaḥ—as the Supreme Divine Personality