सत्त्वं सुखे सञ्जयति रजः कर्मणि भारत।
ज्ञानमावृत्य तु तमः प्रमादे सञ्जयत्युत।।14.9।।
।।14.9।। हे भारत सत्त्वगुण सुख में आसक्त कर देता है और रजोगुण कर्म में? किन्तु तमोगुण ज्ञान को आवृत्त करके जीव को प्रमाद से युक्त कर देता है।।
The cardinal features of three gunas or modes of sattva or goodness, rajas or passion and tamas or nescience are now being delineated by Lord Krishna. The main quality of sattva is its ability to confer blessedness. The main proponent of rajas is that it impels vigourous activity and the dominant factor in tamas is that it obscures intelligence giving a perverted view of reality which results in the tendency to perform unnatural activities. The three gunas are the natural effects of prakriti or the material substratum pervading physical existence and constitute the qualities of all matter which manifests into physical bodies both gross and subtle. How they each give rise to consequences so radically different and conflicting with each other is answered in the next verse.