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⮪ BG 14.12 Bhagwad Gita Sanskrit Translation BG 14.14⮫

Bhagavad Gita Chapter 14 Verse 13

भगवद् गीता अध्याय 14 श्लोक 13

अप्रकाशोऽप्रवृत्तिश्च प्रमादो मोह एव च।
तमस्येतानि जायन्ते विवृद्धे कुरुनन्दन।।14.13।।

हिंदी अनुवाद - स्वामी रामसुख दास जी ( भगवद् गीता 14.13)

।।14.13।।हे कुरुनन्दन तमोगुणके बढ़नेपर अप्रकाश? अप्रवृत्ति? प्रमाद और मोह -- ये वृत्तियाँ भी पैदा होती हैं।

English Translation of Sanskrit Commentary By Sri Shankaracharya's

14.13 Kuru-nandana, O descendant of the Kuru dynasty; when the ality of tamas vivrddhe, predominates; etani, these indications; eva, surely; jayante, come into being; extreme aprakasah, non-discrimination; and apravrttih, inactivity; its [i.e. of non-discrimination.] effects, pramadah, in-advertence; and mohah, delusion, i.e. stupidity, which is a from of non-discrimination. Whatever result is achieved even after death, that is also owing to attachment and desire; every-thing is certainly caused by the alities. By way of showing this the Lord says:

English Translation of Commentary - Dr. S. Sankaranarayan

14.11-13 Sarva-etc. upto kurunandana. In all the gates : in all the sense-organs. Greed etc., are born in succession when the Rajas dominates. Similarly, absence of mental illumination and so on arise in succession only at the time of the increase of the Tamas.

English Translation of Ramanuja's Sanskrit Commentary

14.13 Non-illumination is the absence of knowledge. Inactivity is immovableness. Negligence is inadvertence resulting in works that should not be done. Delusion is wrong knowledge. These arise when Tamas waxes strong. By these, one should know that the Tamas has increased very much.

Transliteration Bhagavad Gita 14.13

Aprakaasho’pravrittishcha pramaado moha eva cha; Tamasyetaani jaayante vivriddhe kurunandana.

Word Meanings Bhagavad Gita 14.13

sarva—all; dvāreṣhu—through the gates; dehe—body; asmin—in this; prakāśhaḥ—illumination; upajāyate—manifest; jñānam—knowledge; yadā—when; tadā—then; vidyāt—know; vivṛiddham—predominates; sattvam—mode of goodness; iti—thus; uta—certainly; lobhaḥ—greed; pravṛittiḥ—activity; ārambhaḥ—exertion; karmaṇām—for fruitive actions; aśhamaḥ—restlessness; spṛihā—craving; rajasi—of the mode of passion; etāni—these; jāyante—develop; vivṛiddhe—when predominates; bharata-ṛiṣhabha—the best of the Bharatas, Arjun; aprakāśhaḥ—nescience; apravṛittiḥ—inertia; cha—and; pramādaḥ—negligence; mohaḥ—delusion; eva—indeed; cha—also; tamasi—mode of ignorance; etāni—these; jāyante—manifest; vivṛiddhe—when dominates; kuru-nandana—the joy of the Kurus, Arjun