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⮪ BG 12.19 Bhagwad Gita Sanskrit Translation BG 13.1⮫

Bhagavad Gita Chapter 12 Verse 20

भगवद् गीता अध्याय 12 श्लोक 20

ये तु धर्म्यामृतमिदं यथोक्तं पर्युपासते।
श्रद्दधाना मत्परमा भक्तास्तेऽतीव मे प्रियाः।।12.20।।

हिंदी अनुवाद - स्वामी रामसुख दास जी ( भगवद् गीता 12.20)

।।12.20।।जो मेरेमें श्रद्धा रखनेवाले और मेरे परायण हुए भक्त पहले कहे हुए इस धर्ममय अमृतका अच्छी तरहसे सेवन करते हैं? वे मुझे अत्यन्त प्रिय हैं।

English Translation of Sanskrit Commentary By Sri Shankaracharya's

12.20 Tu, but; ye bhaktah, those devotees of Mine, the monks who have resorted to the highest devotion consisting in the knowledge of the supreme Reality; mat-paramah, who accept Me as the supreme Goal, to whom I, as mentioned above, who am identical with the Immutable, am the highest (parama), unsurpassable Goal; and sraddadhanah, with faith; paryupasate, seek for, practise; idam, this; dharmyamrtam, ambrosia that is indistinguishable from the virtues-that which is indistinguishable from dharma (virtue) is dharmya, and this is called amrta (ambrosia) since it leads to Immortality-; yatha-uktam, as stated above in, He who is not hateful towards any creature, etc.; te, they; are ativa, very; priyah, dear; me, to Me. After having explained what was hinted in, For I am very much dear to the man of Knowledge৷৷.(7.17), that has been concluded here in, Those devotees are very dear to Me. Since by seeking for this ambrosia which is indistinguishable from the virtues as stated above one becomes very dear to Me, who am theLord Vishnu, the supreme God, therefore this nectar which is indistinguishable from the virtues has to be diligently sought for by one who is a seeker of Liberation, who wants to attain the coveted Abode of Visnu. This is the purport of the sentence. [Thus, after the consummation of meditation on the alified Brahman, one who aspires after the unalified Brahman, who has the alifications mentioned in, He who is not hateful towards any creature, etc., who is pre-eminently fit for this purpose, and who practises sravana etc. has the possibility of realizing the Truth from which his Liberation logically follows. Hence, the conclusion is that the meaning of the word tat (in the sentence tattvamasi) has to be sought for, since his has the power to arouse the comprehension of the meaning of that sentence, which is the means to Liberation.]

English Translation of Commentary - Dr. S. Sankaranarayan

12.15-20 Yasmat etc. upto Me priyah. One who has no fixed thought : One who has no resolution, [in his mundane life] like This alone must be done by me. He, who enjoys, with contentment, both pleasure and pain as they come, and has his mind completely absorbed in Supreme Lord - that person happily (or easily) attains the Supreme Isolation (Emancipation)

English Translation of Ramanuja's Sanskrit Commentary

12.20 But those who follow Bhakti Yoga - which is a nectar of virtuous duty, i.e., which is at once virtuous duty and nectar, and which even as a menas, is eal to its end in conferring bliss on those who follow is as stated above, i.e., in the manner taught in the stanza beginning with Those who, focusing their minds on Me (12.2) - such devotees are exceedingly dear to Me.

Transliteration Bhagavad Gita 12.20

Ye tu dharmyaamritamidam yathoktam paryupaasate; Shraddhadhaanaah matparamaa bhaktaaste’teeva me priyaah.

Word Meanings Bhagavad Gita 12.20

ye—who; tu—indeed; dharma—of wisdom; amṛitam—nectar; idam—this; yathā—as; uktam—declared; paryupāsate—exclusive devotion; śhraddadhānāḥ—with faith; mat-paramāḥ—intent on Me as the supreme goal; bhaktāḥ—devotees; te—they; atīva—exceedingly; me—to Me; priyāḥ—dear