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⮪ BG 11.53 Bhagwad Gita English BG 11.55⮫

Bhagavad Gita Chapter 11 Verse 54

भगवद् गीता अध्याय 11 श्लोक 54

भक्त्या त्वनन्यया शक्यमहमेवंविधोऽर्जुन।
ज्ञातुं दृष्टुं च तत्त्वेन प्रवेष्टुं च परंतप।।11.54।।

English Translation - Swami Gambirananda

11.54 But, O Arjuna, by single-minded devotion am I-in this form-able to be known and seen in reality, and also be entered into, O destroyer of foes.

English Translation - Swami Sivananda

11.54 But by single-minded devotion can I, of this Form, be known and seen in reality and also entered into, O Arjuna.

English Translation - Dr. S. Sankaranarayan

11.54. But, through an undeviating devotion, it is possible to know, and to observe and also to enter into Me as such, O Arjuna ! O scorcher of foes !

English Commentary - Swami Sivananda

11.54 भक्त्या by devotion? तु indeed? अनन्यया singleminded? शक्यः (am) possible? अहम् I? एवंविधः of this form? अर्जुन O Arjuna? ज्ञातुम् to know? दृष्टुम् to see? च and? तत्त्वेन in reality? प्रवेष्टुम् to enter into? च and? परंतप O Parantapa (O scorcher of the foes).Commentary Devotion is the sole means to the realisation of the Cosmic Form.AnanyaBhakti Singleminded devotion. Onepointed unbroken devotion the devotion which does not seek any other object but the Lord alone. In this type of devotion no object other than the Lord is experienced by any of the senses. Egoism and dualism totally vanish.Of this form refers to the Cosmic Form.By singleminded devotion it is possible not only to know Me as declared in the scriptures but also to realise Me? i.e.? to attain liberation. The devotee realises that the Lord is all this and He alone is the ultimate Reality. When he gets this experience of illumination he gets merged in Him. (Cf.VIII.22X.10)

English Translation of Sanskrit Commentary By Sri Shankaracharya's

11.54 Tu, but, O Arjuna; bhaktya, by devotion-. Of what kind? To this the Lord says: Ananyaya, by (that devotion which is ) single-minded. That is called single-minded devotion which does not turn to anything else other than the Lord, and owing to which nothing else but Vasudeva is perceived by all the organs. With that devotion, aham sakyah, am I able; evamvidhah, in this form-in the aspect of the Cosmic form; jnatum, to to known-from the scriptures; not merely to be known from the scriptures, but also drastum, to be seen , to be realized directly; tattvena, in reality; and also pravestum, to be entered into-for attaining Liberation; parantapa, O destroyer of foes. Now the essential purport of the whole scripture, the Gita, which is meant for Liberation, is being stated by summing it up so that it may be practised:

English Translation of Commentary - Dr. S. Sankaranarayan

11.54 See comment under 11.55

English Translation of Ramanuja's Sanskrit Commentary

11.53 - 11.54 Sri Krsna says By Vedas, i.e., by mere study, teaching etc., of these sacred texts, it is not possible to know Me truly. It is also not possible through meditation, sacrifices, gifts and austerities, destitute of devotion towards Me. But by single-minded devotion i.e., by devotion characterised by extreme ardour and intensity, it is possible to know Me in reality through scriptures, to behold Me directly in reality, and enter into Me in reality. So describes a Sruti passage: This Self cannot be obtained by instruction, nor by intellect nor by much hearing. Whomsoever He chooses, by him alone is He obtained. To such a one He reveals His own form (Ka. U., 2.2.23) and (Mun. U., 3.2.3).

Commentary - Chakravarthi Ji

Then by what practice can this form be attained? By bhakti I can be known and seen. The dropping of visarga (h) without samdhi to form sakyo’ ham, the normal form, instead of sakya aham in the present text, is poetic license. Even if one desires nirvana moksa, then one can merge with the brahman (tattvena pravestum) only by ananya bhakti and not by other processes. The gum bhuta bhakti of the jnanis remains as a small amount of ananya bhakti after the renunciation of jnana at the time of death. By that they attain sayujya mukti. I will substantiate that point later with the verse tato mam tattvato jnatva visate tad anantaram. (BG 18.55) Knowing me as brahman, they then enter me.

Rudra Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

Now Lord Krishna reveals the only way and means that one who is initiated by His devotee may see His original two armed human like form which is pure spiritual sat-cid-ananda or eternal existence, unlimited cognizance and endless bliss and enter into communion with Him. The only way and means He states as bhaktya te ananyaya meaning exclusive loving devotion unto Him. Only by undivided, uninterrupted, one-pointed loving devotion to the Supreme Lord Krishna can entrance into His divine transcendental pastimes be attained and one knows Him in reality through the spiritual preceptor who is His devotee and by His teachings of the Vedic scriptures only is it possible for Lord Krishna to be perceived and realised by direct cognition and attain eternal communion with Him in the spiritual worlds. By no other means, method, technique or ritual is in any way possible to achieve this.

Brahma Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

Shri Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

Only by bhakti or exclusive loving devotion can the Supreme Lord Krishna be known as He really is. Study of the Vedas, meditation, performance of rituals, extreme austerities etc. are of no avail in perceiving Lord Krishna as paramatma or the Supreme Soul within all living entities and realising Him as He is. But by bhakti Lord Krishna is easy to be known through the grace of the spiritual master who teaches the true purport of the Vedic scriptures which all relate to Lord Krishna. Only by bhakti is it possible to have communion with the Supreme Lord Krishna as the actual experience of atma-tattva or soul realisation which activates ones divine relationship with Him. The Katha Upanisad II.XXIII beginning nas yam atma prachanna meaning not by reflection, nor deliberation, nor concentration can Lord Krishna be attained. He can only be attained by one who He, Himself specially elects and blesses to reveal His essence to.

Kumara Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

Only by bhakti or exclusive loving devotion can the Supreme Lord Krishna be known as He really is. Study of the Vedas, meditation, performance of rituals, extreme austerities etc. are of no avail in perceiving Lord Krishna as paramatma or the Supreme Soul within all living entities and realising Him as He is. But by bhakti Lord Krishna is easy to be known through the grace of the spiritual master who teaches the true purport of the Vedic scriptures which all relate to Lord Krishna. Only by bhakti is it possible to have communion with the Supreme Lord Krishna as the actual experience of atma-tattva or soul realisation which activates ones divine relationship with Him. The Katha Upanisad II.XXIII beginning nas yam atma prachanna meaning not by reflection, nor deliberation, nor concentration can Lord Krishna be attained. He can only be attained by one who He, Himself specially elects and blesses to reveal His essence to.

Transliteration Bhagavad Gita 11.54

Bhaktyaa twananyayaa shakyam aham evamvidho’rjuna; Jnaatum drashtum cha tattwena praveshtum cha parantapa.

Word Meanings Bhagavad Gita 11.54

bhaktyā—by devotion; tu—alone; ananyayā—unalloyed; śhakyaḥ—possible; aham—I; evam-vidhaḥ—like this; arjuna—Arjun; jñātum—to be known; draṣhṭum—to be seen; cha—and; tattvena—truly; praveṣhṭum—to enter into (union with me); cha—and; parantapa—scorcher of foes