Share this page on following platforms.
Download Bhagwad Gita 11.20 Download BG 11.20 as Image

⮪ BG 11.19 Bhagwad Gita English BG 11.21⮫

Bhagavad Gita Chapter 11 Verse 20

भगवद् गीता अध्याय 11 श्लोक 20

द्यावापृथिव्योरिदमन्तरं हि
व्याप्तं त्वयैकेन दिशश्च सर्वाः।
दृष्ट्वाऽद्भुतं रूपमुग्रं तवेदं
लोकत्रयं प्रव्यथितं महात्मन्।।11.20।।

English Translation - Swami Gambirananda

11.20 Indeed, this intermediate space between heaven and earth as also all the directions are pervaded by You alone. O exalted One, the three worlds are struck with fear by seeing this strange, fearful form of Yours.

English Translation - Swami Sivananda

11.20 This space between the earth and the heaven and all the arters are filled by Thee alone; having seen this, Thy wonderful and teriible form, the three worlds are trembling with fear, O great-souled Being.

English Translation - Dr. S. Sankaranarayan

11.20. This space in between the heaven and the earth as well as all the directions are pervaded singly by You; seeing this wondrous form of Yours as such, O Exalted Soul, the triple world is very much frightened.

English Commentary - Swami Sivananda

11.20 द्यावापृथिव्योः of heaven and earth? इदम् this? अन्तरम् interspace? हि indeed? व्याप्तम् is filled? त्वया by Thee? एकेन alone? दिशः arters? च and? सर्वाः all? दृष्ट्वा having seen? अद्भुतम् wonderful? रूपम् form? उग्रम् terrible? तव Thy? इदम् this? लोकत्रयम् the three worlds? प्रव्यथितम् are trembling with fear? महात्मन् O greatsouled Being.Commentary Thee In Thy Cosmic Form.The space and the arters This denotes that the Lord has filled the whole universe of animate and inanimate objects.In order to remove the doubt entertained by Arjuna as to his success (Cf.II.6) Lord Krishna makes him feel now that victoyr for the Pandavas is certain.

English Translation of Sanskrit Commentary By Sri Shankaracharya's

11.20 Hi, indeed; idam, this; antaram, intermediate space; dyavaprthivyoh, between heaven and earth; ca, as also; sarvah, all; the disah, direction; vyaptam, are pervaded; tvaya, by You; ekena, alone, who have assumed the Cosmic form. Mahatman, O exalted One, who by nature are high-minded; the lokatrayam, three worlds; pravyathitam, are struck with fear, or are perturbed; drstva, by seeing; idam, this; abdhutam, strange, astonishing; ugram, fearful, terrible; rupam, form; tava, of Yours. Therefore, now, in order to clear that doubt which Arjuna earlier had-as in, whether we shall win, or whether they shall coner (2.6)-, the Lord proceeds with the idea, I shall show the inevitable victory of the Pandavas. Visualizing that, Arjuna said: Moreover-.

English Translation of Commentary - Dr. S. Sankaranarayan

11.20 Sri Abhinavagupta did not comment upon this sloka.

English Translation of Ramanuja's Sanskrit Commentary

11.20 The terms, heaven and earth, imply all the upper and lower worlds. The Antara, or that between heaven and earth, denotes the space between them in which are located all the worlds. You alone pervade all the space and all the arters. Beholding Your marvellous and teriible form, beholding Your form of infinite length and extent, marvellous and terrible, the three worlds are trembling. Gods headed by Brahma, the Asuras, the manes, the Siddhas, the Gandharvas, the Yaksas, and Raksasas have come with a desire to see the battle. All the three worlds consisting of these friendly, antagonistic and neutral beings are extremely frightened. Mahatman means one, the dimension of whose mind has no limits. It has to be understood that like Arjuna, other beings also were granted by the Lord the divine eye capable of directly perceiving the Form which supports the universe. If it be asked why, the reply is that it was for demonstrating to Arjuna His sovereignty. Hence it is stated here: Beholding Your marvellous and terrible form, O Mahatman, the three worlds are greatly overwhelmed with fear.

Commentary - Chakravarthi Ji

Now that Arjuna had the proper qualification, the Lord shows him his form as time. This is described in ten verses.

Rudra Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

The space between heaven and Earth, the complete sky is filled and pervaded by Lord Krishnas visvarupa or divine universal form in all directions. The visvarupa never seen before was astonishingly wonderful and terribly frightening at the same time. All the worlds are extremely afflicted and aggrieved by its fierceness. This verse is a continution from the previous verse.

Brahma Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

The Varuna Purana states: Between the Earth which is equated to mother and the heavens which is equated to the father the Supreme Lord Krishnas visvarupa or divine universal form encompassed all. The mother never encourages one to perform unrighteous deeds and the Earth never encourages such actions either. The father is always benefiting the children and the family and likewise let the heavens be propitious to us. With thoughts of this nature in the mind the various avataras or incarnations and expansions of Lord Krishna are not normally perceived as frightening. For Brahma, Narada, Vyasa and others even this visvarupa is not in the least frightening but for others the resplendent Supreme Lord is perceived in a terrible, fear inspiring way. The Varuna Purana states: While some find fulfilment in seeing His visvarupa others become frightened yet still if they are able to see it at all they all will achieve fulfilment in the end. All are not competent to see the visvarupa of Lord Krishna directly while others who see it during their meditation are frightened. In the Gautama texts is stated: That some seeing the visvarupa are very pleased, while some others are frightened and still other aspirants who while not seeing the visvarupa directly still meditate on Him within their minds by what they have heard and read from others and perceive Him in that way. The exalted devotees abounding in the three worlds according to their capacity perceived the visvarupa Lord Krishna exhibited to Arjuna before the battle at Kuruksetra. At first these exalted devotees also felt apprehension and fear like Arjuna and the demigods but in the course of continual perception of the visvarupa a feeling of exuberance and bliss bubbled up within them and all apprehensions evaporated. Because the purpose of the Battle of Kuruksetra was Lord Krishnas intention to alleviate the burden of the demoniac influences upon the Earth the visvarupa was perceived in an exceptionally frightening manner and thus fearfulness ensued. But in other situations and other times the various forms of Lord Krishna do not cause any anxiety or fear among the Vaisnavas and Brahmins being His devotees. For those who are superior to Arjuna such as Balarama, Brahma and Shiva as well as Draupadi, Yudisthira and Bhima no fear arose at all within them. This has been described in the Agni Purana to explain the frightening aspect of the visvarupa in the correct context.

Shri Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

The words dyae aprthivyor meaning heaven and Earth denotes all the upper and lower planetary systems throughout material existence and the word antaram is all space between them all. So in all spaces wherein universes revolve and in all spaces and every direction the visvarupa or divine universal form of Lord Krishna could be seen pervading indefinitely. The phenomenal pervasion of the visvarupa of infinite nature made it irresistibly awe-inspiring and its omnipotence was terrible to behold. All the three planetary systems such as those inhabited by Brahma, by the Devas or demigods, by the Siddhas or perfected beings, by the Pitris or ancestors, by the Gandharvas or celestial singers, by the Raksasas or demons, etc. all were assembled in the air above Kuruksetra to witness the impending battle between the Pandavas and the Kauravas. The words maha- atman meaning great soul denotes the Supreme Lord being the greatest soul comprised of all souls. The three planetary systems are distinguished as being inhabited by compassionate beings like Brahma and the demigods, inimical beings like the demons, and neutral beings like the ancestors. The word pravyathitam means greatly fearful and panic struck. The same divine vision that Arjuna was given was also bequeathed at that time in general to all beings and those who were evolved and competent were also able to directly perceive Lord Krishnas visvarupa in all its magnificent and terrible splendor. If one were to perhaps wonder why would this possibly be so, the answer is that it confirms the reality of the visvarupa from a variety of sources and it irrevocably proves the indomitable power of Lord Krishnas transcendental potency which applies to all living entities.

Kumara Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

The words dyae aprthivyor meaning heaven and Earth denotes all the upper and lower planetary systems throughout material existence and the word antaram is all space between them all. So in all spaces wherein universes revolve and in all spaces and every direction the visvarupa or divine universal form of Lord Krishna could be seen pervading indefinitely. The phenomenal pervasion of the visvarupa of infinite nature made it irresistibly awe-inspiring and its omnipotence was terrible to behold. All the three planetary systems such as those inhabited by Brahma, by the Devas or demigods, by the Siddhas or perfected beings, by the Pitris or ancestors, by the Gandharvas or celestial singers, by the Raksasas or demons, etc. all were assembled in the air above Kuruksetra to witness the impending battle between the Pandavas and the Kauravas. The words maha- atman meaning great soul denotes the Supreme Lord being the greatest soul comprised of all souls. The three planetary systems are distinguished as being inhabited by compassionate beings like Brahma and the demigods, inimical beings like the demons, and neutral beings like the ancestors. The word pravyathitam means greatly fearful and panic struck. The same divine vision that Arjuna was given was also bequeathed at that time in general to all beings and those who were evolved and competent were also able to directly perceive Lord Krishnas visvarupa in all its magnificent and terrible splendor. If one were to perhaps wonder why would this possibly be so, the answer is that it confirms the reality of the visvarupa from a variety of sources and it irrevocably proves the indomitable power of Lord Krishnas transcendental potency which applies to all living entities.

Transliteration Bhagavad Gita 11.20

Dyaavaaprithivyoridamantaram hiVyaaptam twayaikena dishashcha sarvaah; Drishtwaa’dbhutam roopamugram tavedamLokatrayam pravyathitam mahaatman.

Word Meanings Bhagavad Gita 11.20

dyau-ā-pṛithivyoḥ—between heaven and earth; idam—this; antaram—space between; hi—indeed; vyāptam—pervaded; tvayā—by you; ekena—alone; diśhaḥ—directions; cha—and; sarvāḥ—all; dṛiṣhṭvā—seeing; adbhutam—wondrous; rūpam—form; ugram—terrible; tava—your; idam—this; loka—worlds; trayam—three; pravyathitam—trembling; mahā-ātman—The greatest of all beings