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Bhagavad Gita Chapter 11 Verse 13

भगवद् गीता अध्याय 11 श्लोक 13

तत्रैकस्थं जगत्कृत्स्नं प्रविभक्तमनेकधा।
अपश्यद्देवदेवस्य शरीरे पाण्डवस्तदा।।11.13।।

English Translation - Swami Gambirananda

11.13 At that time, Pandava saw there, in the body of the God of gods, the whole diversely differentiated Universe united in the one (Cosmic form).

English Translation - Swami Sivananda

11.13 There, in the body of the God of gods, Arjuna then saw the whole universe resting in one, with its many groups.

English Translation - Dr. S. Sankaranarayan

11.13. At that time the son of Pandu beheld there in the body of the God-of-gods, the entire universe, united in one and [yet] divided into many groups.

English Commentary - Swami Sivananda

11.13 तत्र there? एकस्थम् resting in one? जगत् the universe? कृत्स्नम् the whole? प्रविभक्तम् divided? अनेकधा in many groups? अपश्यत् saw? देवदेवस्य of the God of gods? शरीरे in the body? पाण्डवः son of Pandu? तदा then.Commentary Tatra There -- in the Cosmic Form.Anekadha Many groups -- gods? manes? men and other species of beings.Arjuna beheld all forms as the forms of the Lord? all heads as His heads? all eyes as His eyes? all hands as His hands? all feet as His feet? every part of every body as the limb of the Lords divine form. Wherever he looked he beheld nothing but the Lord. He got mystic divine knowledge.Sanjaya has given a truly graphic description of the Cosmic Form. Yet? it would be futile to grasp it with the finite mind. It is a transcendental vision? beyond the reach of the mind and senses. It has to be realised in Samadhi.

English Translation of Sanskrit Commentary By Sri Shankaracharya's

11.13 Tada, at that time; pandavah, Pandava, Arjuna; apasyat, saw; tatra, there, in that Cosmic form; sarire, in the body; devadevasya, of the God of gods, of Hari; krtsnam, the whole; jagat, Universe; anekadha, deversely; pravibhaktam, differentiated-into groups of gods, manes, human beings, and others; ekastham, united in the one (Consmic form).

English Translation of Commentary - Dr. S. Sankaranarayan

11.13 Sri Abhinavagupta did not comment upon this sloka.

English Translation of Ramanuja's Sanskrit Commentary

11.13 There, in that unie and divine body of the God of gods - infinite in length and breadth, with innumerable hands, stomachs, faces and eyes, of immeasurable splendour, eipped with innumerable divine weapons, adorned with innumerable divine ornaments appropriate to itself and with divine garlands and raiments, fragrant with celestial perfumes and full of wonders , there Arjuna beheld with the appropriate divine eyes granted by the grace of the Lord, the entire universe consisting of Prakrti (material Nature) and the selves, all remaining in one single spot, namely, at one single point. He beheld the whole universe with all its sub-divisions, differentiated into varied and wonderful classes of experiencing beings like Brahma, gods, animals, men, immovables etc., and the places, objects and means of experiences such as earth, ether, Rasatala, Atala, Vitala, Sutala etc. He beheld thus the entire universe as depicted in such texts as those starting with I am the origin of all; from Me proceed everything (10.8), Indeed I shall tell you, O Arjuna, My glorious self-manifestations (10.9), I am the Self, O Arjuna, dwelling in the hearts of all beings (10.20), and Of Adityas, I am Visnu (10.21), and ending with Nothing that moves or does not move exists without Me (10.39), and I remain, with a single fraction of Myself sustaining this whole universe (10.42).

Commentary - Chakravarthi Ji

In that place (tatra), on the battle field, in the body of the Lord (deva devasya), it was impossible to take into account the whole universe. Therefore he saw a part situated in one part of the body at different moments (prati bhaktam, eka stham)–a part situated in the Lord’s pore or a part situated in his belly, and in various ways (aneka dha). That is, he saw that form made of earth, made of gold, made of jewels, or measuring fifty koti yojanas, or a hundred koti yojanas or a hundred thousand koti yojanas.

Rudra Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

What happened after that? In answer Sanjaya explains that right there on the battlefield Arjuna saw in Lord Krishnas visvarupa or divine universal form the entire creation with its multiple and manifold divisions all coordinated and orchestrated in different parts of that selfsame visvarupa..

Brahma Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

Shri Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

In the Supreme Lord Krishnas divine, transcendental and phenomenal visvarupa or divine universal form infinitely high and unfathomably wide with splendorous effulgence and unlimited faces, heads, eyes and bodies, with unlimited celestial weapons and unlimited celestial ornaments accompanied by celestial unguents, divine garlands and raiments. All interacting with unlimited wonders and marvels. Arjuna could clearly see manifested in a single location within the universal form all of creation with its unlimited multifarious and variegated details from the greatly powerful Brahma and all the demigods down to a humble blade of grass. He could see the complete animal, vegetable and mineral kingdoms and all the diverse planetary systems all composed of prakriti or the material substratum pervading material existence from the highest Bhur, Bhuvar, Svar etc. all the way down to the lowest planetary system of Patala with all there varying inhabitants, habitats and habits. He could also perceive the brahman or the spiritual substratum pervading all existence with its sublimely subtle transcendental presence imperceptible to normal eyes. All this was seen by Arjuna due to the divine vision bequeathed upon him by Lord Krishna substantiating His declarations in chapter 10 such as verse 39: That He is the origin of all and nothing can exist separately, independent from Him and in verse 42 He states that by a mere fraction of His potency He maintains and sustains all moving and stationary beings.

Kumara Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

In the Supreme Lord Krishnas divine, transcendental and phenomenal visvarupa or divine universal form infinitely high and unfathomably wide with splendorous effulgence and unlimited faces, heads, eyes and bodies, with unlimited celestial weapons and unlimited celestial ornaments accompanied by celestial unguents, divine garlands and raiments. All interacting with unlimited wonders and marvels. Arjuna could clearly see manifested in a single location within the universal form all of creation with its unlimited multifarious and variegated details from the greatly powerful Brahma and all the demigods down to a humble blade of grass. He could see the complete animal, vegetable and mineral kingdoms and all the diverse planetary systems all composed of prakriti or the material substratum pervading material existence from the highest Bhur, Bhuvar, Svar etc. all the way down to the lowest planetary system of Patala with all there varying inhabitants, habitats and habits. He could also perceive the brahman or the spiritual substratum pervading all existence with its sublimely subtle transcendental presence imperceptible to normal eyes. All this was seen by Arjuna due to the divine vision bequeathed upon him by Lord Krishna substantiating His declarations in chapter 10 such as verse 39: That He is the origin of all and nothing can exist separately, independent from Him and in verse 42 He states that by a mere fraction of His potency He maintains and sustains all moving and stationary beings.

Transliteration Bhagavad Gita 11.13

Tatraikastham jagatkritsnam pravibhaktamanekadhaa; Apashyaddevadevasya shareere paandavastadaa.

Word Meanings Bhagavad Gita 11.13

tatra—there; eka-stham—established in one place; jagat—the universe; kṛitsnam—entire; pravibhaktam—divided; anekadhā—many; apaśhyat—could see; deva-devasya—of the God of gods; śharīre—in the body; pāṇḍavaḥ—Arjun; tadā—at that time