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Bhagavad Gita Chapter 10 Verse 33

भगवद् गीता अध्याय 10 श्लोक 33

अक्षराणामकारोऽस्मि द्वन्द्वः सामासिकस्य च।
अहमेवाक्षयः कालो धाताऽहं विश्वतोमुखः।।10.33।।

English Translation - Swami Gambirananda

10.33 Of the letters I am the letter a, and of the group of compund words I am (the compound called) Dvandva. [Dvandva: A compound of two or more words which, if not compounded, would stand in the same case and be connected by the conjunction and.-Tr.] I Mayself am the infinite time; I am the Dispenser with faces everywhere.

English Translation - Swami Sivananda

10.33 Among the letters of the alphabets, the letter A I am and the dual among the compounds. I am verily the inexhaustible or everlasting time; I am the dispenser (of the fruits of actions) having faces in all directions.

English Translation - Dr. S. Sankaranarayan

10.33. Of the syllables, I am A; of the compounds, the Dvandva; none but Me, is the immortal Time; I am the dispenser [of fruits actions] facing on all sides.

English Commentary - Swami Sivananda

10.33 अक्षराणाम् among letters? अकारः the letter A? अस्मि (I) am? द्वन्द्वः the dual? सामासिकस्य among all compounds? च and? अहम् I? एव verily? अक्षयः the inexhaustible or everlasting? कालः time? धाता the dispenser? अहम् I? विश्वतोमुखः the Allfaced (or having faces in all directions).Commentary Among the alphabets I am the letter A. Among the various kinds of compounds used in Sanskrit language I am the Dvandva (union of the two)? the copulative.Time here refers to the moment? the ultimate element of time or to Paramesvara? the Supreme Lord Who is the time of even time? since He is beyond time.As the Supreme Being is allpervading it is said that He has faces in all directions.

English Translation of Sanskrit Commentary By Sri Shankaracharya's

10.33 Aksaranam, of the letters; I am the akarah, letter a. Samasikasya, of the group of compound words, I am the compund (called) Dvandva. Besieds, aham eva, I Myself; am the aksayah, infinite, endless; kalah, time, well known as moment etc.; or, I am the supreme God who is Kala (Time, the measurer) even of time. I am the dhata, Dispenser, the dispenser of the fruits of actions of the whole world; visvatomukhah, with faces everwhere.

English Translation of Commentary - Dr. S. Sankaranarayan

10.33 See Comment under 10.42

English Translation of Ramanuja's Sanskrit Commentary

10.33 Of letters I am the alphabet a, which is the base of all letters as established in the Sruti: The letter a itself is all speech (Ai. Ai., 3.2.3). Samasika means collection of compound words. In it, I am the Dvandva compound; it is eminent because the meanings of both constituent terms are important. I am Myself imperishable Time composed of (divisions like) Kala, Muhurta etc. I am the four-faced Hiranyagarbha who is the creator of all.

Commentary - Chakravarthi Ji

The dvandva compound is superior among compounds since its elements are equal. Among destroyers I am indestructible time. This refers to Mahakala, Rudra, famous as the destroyer. Among the creators I am Brahma (dhata), with four faces (visvato mukhah).

Rudra Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

Of letters of the alphabet, Lord Krishnas vibhuti or divine, transcendental opulence is the letter A for it representing all speech is the foremost. The Vedic scriptures declare that the letter A is all speech and takes many various forms when manifested from different parts of the body such as throat, nose, palate, abdomen etc. Of compound words His vibhuti is the dual compound such as Rama-Krishna which exemplifies the prominence of both. Before in verse 30 He stated that His vibhuti was time in terms of controller regarding the longevity of all created beings lifespan, in the finite sense; but here He reveals another aspect of time being His vibhuti in the infinite sense as an eternal ever flowing constancy. That time determined the duration of a life and is terminated when the jiva or embodied beings life is terminated. While this time flows uninterrupted as infinite time. Of creators His vibhuti is dhataham visvato- mukhah meaning the four faced Brahma who faces can see on all sides.

Brahma Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

Shri Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

Lord Krishna reveals that of the letters of the alphabet His vibhuti or divine, transcendental opulence is the Sanskrit letter A-kara which is the root of all other letters. The Rig Veda, III.II.III in the Aitareya- Aranyaka section beginning akaro vai sarva-vak states that the letter A itself contains all speech. An example of His vibhuti of dvandva or compound words are Rama-Krishna. Samasikasya is the class of compound word forming in Sanskrit. Of the several ways to compound Lord Krishna is the dual compound of which both terms are substanative attributes of equal position with each other grammatically. His vibhuti is also expressed as ever flowing time composed of uninterupted divisions such as kala a measurement of 8 seconds and muhurta a period comprising 1/60th of a 24 hour day. Among secondary creators His vibhuti is the four headed dhataham known as Brahma.

Kumara Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

Lord Krishna reveals that of the letters of the alphabet His vibhuti or divine, transcendental opulence is the Sanskrit letter A-kara which is the root of all other letters. The Rig Veda, III.II.III in the Aitareya- Aranyaka section beginning akaro vai sarva-vak states that the letter A itself contains all speech. An example of His vibhuti of dvandva or compound words are Rama-Krishna. Samasikasya is the class of compound word forming in Sanskrit. Of the several ways to compound Lord Krishna is the dual compound of which both terms are substanative attributes of equal position with each other grammatically. His vibhuti is also expressed as ever flowing time composed of uninterupted divisions such as kala a measurement of 8 seconds and muhurta a period comprising 1/60th of a 24 hour day. Among secondary creators His vibhuti is the four headed dhataham known as Brahma.

Transliteration Bhagavad Gita 10.33

Aksharaanaamakaaro’smi dwandwah saamaasikasya cha; Ahamevaakshayah kaalo dhaataaham vishwatomukhah.

Word Meanings Bhagavad Gita 10.33

akṣharāṇām—amongst all letters; a-kāraḥ—the beginning letter “A”; asmi—I am; dvandvaḥ—the dual; sāmāsikasya—amongst grammatical compounds; cha—and; aham—I; eva—only; akṣhayaḥ—endless; kālaḥ—time; dhātā—amongst the creators; aham—I; viśhwataḥ-mukhaḥ—Brahma