तान्समीक्ष्य स कौन्तेयः सर्वान्बन्धूनवस्थितान्।।1.27।।
1.27 The son of Kunti (Ajuna), seeing all those rlatives arrayed (there), became overwhelmed by supreme compassion and said this sorrowfully:
1.27. (He saw) fathers-in-law and friends also in both the armies. The son of Kunti, Arjuna, seeing all those kinsmen thus standing arrayed, spoke this, sorrowfully filled with deep pity.
1.27. Arjuna Said O krsna! On seeing these war-mongering kinsfolks of my own, arrayed [in the armies], my limbs fail and my mouth goes dry;
1.27 श्वशुरान् fathersinlaw? सुहृदः friends? च and? एव also? सेनयोः in armies? उभयोः (in) both? अपि also? तान् those? समीक्ष्य having seen? सः he? कौन्तेयः Kaunteya? सर्वान् all? बन्धून् relatives? अवस्थितान् standing (arrayed)? कृपया by pity? परया deep? आविष्टः filled? विषीदन् sorrowfully? इदम् this? अब्रवीत् said.No Commentary.
1.27 Sri Sankaracharya did not comment on this sloka. The commentary starts from 2.10.
1.12 1.29 Sri Abhinavgupta did not comment upon this sloka.
1.26 - 1.47 Arjuna said - Sanjaya said Sanjaya continued: The high-minded Arjuna, extremely kind, deeply friendly, and supremely righteous, having brothers like himself, though repeatedly deceived by the treacherous attempts of your people like burning in the lac-house etc., and therefore fit to be killed by him with the help of the Supreme Person, nevertheless said, I will not fight. He felt weak, overcome as he was by his love and extreme compassion for his relatives. He was also filled with fear, not knowing what was righteous and what unrighteous. His mind was tortured by grief, because of the thought of future separation from his relations. So he threw away his bow and arrow and sat on the chariot as if to fast to death.
Putra and pautra refer to the sons and grandsons of Duryodhana and others on the opposing side.
What did Arjuna do then? In answer to this the verse states: seeing, responding, overwhelmed, overcome, besieged with or possessed by despondency. Visidan means grief stricken or greatly despondent.
Madhvacarya has no commentary so we present Baladeva Vidyabhusanas. The most munificent and compassionate Supreme Lord Krishna had descended to redeem the Earth by giving instruction on the knowledge of the atma or eternal soul. For this purpose Lord Krishna bewildered His disciple Arjuna and utilised him to be in illusion by unjustifiably misinterpreting one verse found in the Chandogya Upanisad VIII.XV beginning ahimsyat sarva bhutani meaning: One should not cause injury to any living entity; and thus from this verse would come to the erroneous decision that as a ksatriya or warrior fighting this battle was against dharma the principles of righteousness. The use of the word Kaunteyah in addressing Arjuna it indicates that since he is the son of Kunti he is affected by the morality and afflictions of the mundane world. The use of the word krpaya signifies that Arjuna was naturally compassionate. By the use of the word paraya it is intimated that not only for his own soldiers was he compassionate but for the enemy soldiers as well and by the use of the word visidan it is expressing that all the symptoms of being grief-stricken like shedding of tears, shivering, being choked up, etc. have simultaneously manifested as Arjuna began to speak.
There is no commentary for this verse.
In answer to the question what did Arjuna do next? Sanjaya replies with a mood to console the blind Dhritarastra whose mind was visibly disturbed by the doubt that his son Duryodhana might not be victorious but could indeed lose the entire kingdom. Dhritarastra previously had not the slightest intention of giving back to the Pandavas, the children of his deceased brother Pandu, their rightful share of the kingdom. Then when the Pandavas had to suffer further miseries in the forest for 13 years did he consider giving them a reprieve. But in the process of undergoing various trails and tribulations of forest life, Arjuna received many divine weapons from Siva and Indra and his mighty Gandiva bow bestowed upon him by Agni. Arjuna although being protected by Lord Krishna and fully capable of defeating the belligerent warriors of the Kaurava army when he saw so many of his family and friends arrayed against him he became overwhelmed with compassion for them. One might wonder how is it possible that just before battle such a mighty warrior as Arjuna is smitten so untimely with feelings of compassion. Arjuna is being referred to as Kaunteya the son of Kunti who is the exalted sister of Vasudeva who Lord Krishna accepted as His father. Vasudeva was so magnanimous and compassionate that he forgave Kamsa who was an incurable sinner. So feeling some pity for them Arjuna forlornly spoke the words found in the next verse.
Shvashuraan suhridashchaiva senayorubhayorapi; Taan sameekshya sa kaunteyah sarvaan bandhoon avasthitaan.Kripayaa parayaa’vishto visheedannidam abraveet;
tān—these; samīkṣhya—on seeing; saḥ—they; kaunteyaḥ—Arjun, the son of Kunti; sarvān—all; bandhūn—relatives; avasthitān—present; kṛipayā—by compassion; parayā—great; āviṣhṭaḥ—overwhelmed; viṣhīdan—deep sorrow; idam—this; abravīt—spoke