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Bhagavad Gita Chapter 9 Verse 34

भगवद् गीता अध्याय 9 श्लोक 34

मन्मना भव मद्भक्तो मद्याजी मां नमस्कुरु।
मामेवैष्यसि युक्त्वैवमात्मानं मत्परायणः।।9.34।।

हिंदी अनुवाद - स्वामी रामसुख दास जी ( भगवद् गीता 9.34)

।।9.34।।तू मेरा भक्त हो जा? मेरेमें मनवाला हो जा? मेरा पूजन करनेवाला हो जा और मेरेको नमस्कार कर। इस प्रकार मेरे साथ अपनेआपको लगाकर? मेरे परायण हुआ तू मेरेको ही प्राप्त होगा।,

Rudra Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

This chapter concludes by revealing the pure, simplistic way of worshipping the Supreme Lord Krishna by the words man-manah focus ones consciousness on Lord Krishna, mad bhakto be Lord Krishnas devotee, mad yaji give propitiation and worship to Lord Krishna, mam namaskuru offer humble obeisances to Lord Krishna exclusively. By these direct and easy to perform activities, having Lord Krishna as the Supreme goal one will attain eternal life in the spiritual worlds in association with Him. Thus in this chapter entitled Confidential Knowledge of the Ultimate Truth, Lord Krishna has compassionately revealed some of His transcendental glories and the phenomenal greatness of bhakti or exclusive loving devotion.

Brahma Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

How it is possible for the righteous to directly worship the Supreme Lord Krishna is given here. But this applies only to those who are imbued with the divine presence of the atma or eternal soul. It has been said in the Sandilya text that: One who does not abandon evil ways, one who has no devotion to the Supreme Lord and one who has not equipoise cannot become a devotee of Lord Krishna. But the demigods and sages although sometimes overpowered by their own intentions become in due course of time the pure devotees never forgetting Him and always remembering Him because they are aware of His all encompassing supremacy. Therefore others unaware of this who fraudulently strive to prove their devotion should be known as charlatans. Those with slight demerits may attain devotion due to association with those devoted to Lord Krishna. Still others may offer simple devotion increasing gradually. But those addicted to sense gratification who pretend to be great devotees externally but internally are always thinking of pleasure and recognition are truly the worst deceivers. The Vishnu Purana has mentioned that for those engaged in abominable behaviour and act contrary to the ordinances and injunctions of the Vedic scriptures, bhakti or loving devotion will never manifest within their hearts. Those who are receptive to bhakti have great faith in the Vedic scriptures and there devotion to Lord Krishna keeps on increasing and their desires for other things keeps on decreasing. The Moksa Dharma states: O Lord! Having studied the Vedas I am always engaged in austerities. I have dedicatedly served my spiritual master and have never spoken an untruth in the past and I chant my sacred mantras secretly. The four truths revealed in the Vedic scriptures are enshrined within my heart. I am always equal to both friend and enemy alike. Fully surrendering to the Supreme Lord I have been propitiating Him with unabated and unadulterated devotion. How is it that I am unable to perceive His eternal form which is pure and blissful within my heart? Thus righteous behaviour is considered as one of the means of acquiring spiritual intelligence. Without spiritual wisdom true devotion is not possible to understand. The Gautama text states that: Without spiritual wisdom how can there ever be devotion and without devotion how can there ever be atma tattva or realisation of the soul. The Bhagavat Purana has declared: That devotion to the Supreme Lord, spiritual wisdom and aversion to all other things, all these three go together. Now begins the summation. The Padma Purana states: Who is devoted to the Supreme Lord can never by inimical to the Supreme Lord and who is inimical to the Supreme Lord can never be a devotee of the Supreme Lord. Yet the Supreme Lord is always equitable in bestowing the rewards according to ones devotion. The devotees are dear to the Supreme Lord. The karma or reactions to actions leading to merits and demerits are according to each ones attributes. The stage of Brahmin and others are also normal for them according to their attributes and so is their moksa or liberation. A male human being is next born as a female because of desires or some demerit. A female human being is never born as a male because of attributes but they reside within the male body alongside the male form in a spiritual female form. These spiritual female forms are unlimitedly superior to those who have taken female forms due to the demerit of desires. All jivas or embodied beings accept the body of skin, flesh and species according to their attributes. Even after dissolving the residue of prior karmas and attaining moksa each jiva experiences even their spiritual existence according to their inherent attributes that manifested in their atma or eternal soul when they first entered material existence from the spiritual worlds. So from this declaration revealed in the Bhavishya Purana the concept of merits and demerits for even those born under evil circumstances can be accepted.

Shri Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

The words man mana means be always conscious of Lord Krishna. This means ones consciousness should always be focused on Him as a continuous stream of thought. The Supreme Lord of all, the sole abode of all excellence, devoid of any fault, the omniscient, omnipotent and omnipresent One of indomitable will. The Supreme Lord Krishna, the sole source, the sole cause and the sole origin of all creation, who is Parabrahman the supreme manifestation of the spiritual substratum pervading all existence and Purusottama the supreme personality, who possesses large, beautiful, lotus shaped eyes and whose transcendental body is of dark blue complexion. Lord Krishna resplendent as 1000 suns simultaneously shining, Lord Krishna the epitome of all beauty and loveliness with effulgent yellow hued raiment, ornate and immaculate diadem, dolphin shaped earrings, celestial garlands and ungents, bracelets, rings and armlets. Lord Krishna isvara parama the ultimate controller of all, who is an ocean of infinite mercy, compassion, beauty, sweetness, perfection, bounty and affection. The refuge of all planes of existence in all the trillions of universes without any contradiction in any of them regardless of uniqueness and differences. Lord Krishna the Supreme Sovereign Lord of all. Furthemore one should be mad bhakto or have their consciousness permeated with unadulterated love for Lord Krishna as their beloved friend. Then one should become maj yaji or Lord Krishnas devoted worshipper taking great delight in their intimate and individual relationship with the Supreme Lord internally. Yaja denoting yagna indicates all the myriad of wonderful and sublime ways of offering bhakti or loving devotion unto Lord Krishna, the way a dear friend offers everything they possess to please another dear friend. Offering as yaji is of three kinds. 1) aupacharika is external worship such as offering incense and waving ghee lamps, fanning etc. 2) samsparsika is tactual service such as garlanding, applying ungents, smearing sandalwood paste, etc. 3) abhyaaharika is offering of vegetarian food such as milk products, fruits and vegetables. Yaji is thus rendering all kinds of pleasing and delectable services for Lord Krishnas supreme satisfaction and this whether great or small is accomplished perfectly by bhakti or loving devotion and by no other means. The purport is: Let my mind be so aligned that it takes great delight in always rendering such pleasing services to the Supreme Lord Krishna. Next is advised namaskuru which is the humble prostration of obeisance unto the Supreme Lord. This infers to not let ones mind merely bask in the satisfaction of rendering service out of infinite love created by communal bliss with the Supreme Lord but to also be prostrated in homage with humility to the Supreme Lord as the internal monitor within as Paramatma the supreme soul who witnesses all thought and activities of every living entity. Mat-parayanah means one who has totally surrendered to the Supreme Lord. Who accepts the Supreme Lord as their only shelter and refuge and who independent of Him could not tolerate existence therefore such a person depends completely on Him. Thus disciplining the consciousness in one pointed focus so that everything one does is directly related to the Supreme Lord one should guide their consciousness in such a way that it can revel and delight in personal communion with the Supreme Lord at every moment. Possessed of such a wonderfully evolved spiritualised consciousness thou shalt most assuredly attain the Supreme Lord without fail. The word atma used here denotes the consciousness beyond the mind. The import of this verse is that if a person prepares and develops their consciousness to meditate on the Supreme Lord, to render loving service to the Supreme Lord, to delight in communion with the Supreme Lord, to prostrate in humble homage to the Supreme Lord, then putting their full trust to Him alone they will undoubtedly attain Him. So practically one should perform all worldly duties required to maintain bodily subsistence and then to please the Supreme Lord one should adhere the ordinances of the Vedic scriptures fulfilling both daily and occasional duties as to varnasrama or ones status and position in society according to time and circumstances. Performing all these activities for the satisfaction of the Supreme Lord one becomes essentially His dependent although inspired and activated to perform these services by the Supreme Lord within by His feature as Paramatma the supreme soul. Thus one will be ever loving engaged in chanting the names of Lord Krishna, singing His praises, reciting His glories, rendering services, prostrating before Him. Thou shalt realise that every aspect of creation, preservation and dissolution is under His Supreme authority, rule and guidance and is in fact His appendage. Meditating daily in full devotion, reflecting and marvelling over the unlimited multitude of phenomenal qualities and marvellous attributes such a blessed soul attains the ultimate goal of all existence, eternal communion with the Supreme Lord in their eternal spiritual form.

Kumara Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

The words man mana means be always conscious of Lord Krishna. This means ones consciousness should always be focused on Him as a continuous stream of thought. The Supreme Lord of all, the sole abode of all excellence, devoid of any fault, the omniscient, omnipotent and omnipresent One of indomitable will. The Supreme Lord Krishna, the sole source, the sole cause and the sole origin of all creation, who is Parabrahman the supreme manifestation of the spiritual substratum pervading all existence and Purusottama the supreme personality, who possesses large, beautiful, lotus shaped eyes and whose transcendental body is of dark blue complexion. Lord Krishna resplendent as 1000 suns simultaneously shining, Lord Krishna the epitome of all beauty and loveliness with effulgent yellow hued raiment, ornate and immaculate diadem, dolphin shaped earrings, celestial garlands and ungents, bracelets, rings and armlets. Lord Krishna isvara parama the ultimate controller of all, who is an ocean of infinite mercy, compassion, beauty, sweetness, perfection, bounty and affection. The refuge of all planes of existence in all the trillions of universes without any contradiction in any of them regardless of uniqueness and differences. Lord Krishna the Supreme Sovereign Lord of all. Furthemore one should be mad bhakto or have their consciousness permeated with unadulterated love for Lord Krishna as their beloved friend. Then one should become maj yaji or Lord Krishnas devoted worshipper taking great delight in their intimate and individual relationship with the Supreme Lord internally. Yaja denoting yagna indicates all the myriad of wonderful and sublime ways of offering bhakti or loving devotion unto Lord Krishna, the way a dear friend offers everything they possess to please another dear friend. Offering as yaji is of three kinds. 1) aupacharika is external worship such as offering incense and waving ghee lamps, fanning etc. 2) samsparsika is tactual service such as garlanding, applying ungents, smearing sandalwood paste, etc. 3) abhyaaharika is offering of vegetarian food such as milk products, fruits and vegetables. Yaji is thus rendering all kinds of pleasing and delectable services for Lord Krishnas supreme satisfaction and this whether great or small is accomplished perfectly by bhakti or loving devotion and by no other means. The purport is: Let my mind be so aligned that it takes great delight in always rendering such pleasing services to the Supreme Lord Krishna. Next is advised namaskuru which is the humble prostration of obeisance unto the Supreme Lord. This infers to not let ones mind merely bask in the satisfaction of rendering service out of infinite love created by communal bliss with the Supreme Lord but to also be prostrated in homage with humility to the Supreme Lord as the internal monitor within as Paramatma the supreme soul who witnesses all thought and activities of every living entity. Mat-parayanah means one who has totally surrendered to the Supreme Lord. Who accepts the Supreme Lord as their only shelter and refuge and who independent of Him could not tolerate existence therefore such a person depends completely on Him. Thus disciplining the consciousness in one pointed focus so that everything one does is directly related to the Supreme Lord one should guide their consciousness in such a way that it can revel and delight in personal communion with the Supreme Lord at every moment. Possessed of such a wonderfully evolved spiritualised consciousness thou shalt most assuredly attain the Supreme Lord without fail. The word atma used here denotes the consciousness beyond the mind. The import of this verse is that if a person prepares and develops their consciousness to meditate on the Supreme Lord, to render loving service to the Supreme Lord, to delight in communion with the Supreme Lord, to prostrate in humble homage to the Supreme Lord, then putting their full trust to Him alone they will undoubtedly attain Him. So practically one should perform all worldly duties required to maintain bodily subsistence and then to please the Supreme Lord one should adhere the ordinances of the Vedic scriptures fulfilling both daily and occasional duties as to varnasrama or ones status and position in society according to time and circumstances. Performing all these activities for the satisfaction of the Supreme Lord one becomes essentially His dependent although inspired and activated to perform these services by the Supreme Lord within by His feature as Paramatma the supreme soul. Thus one will be ever loving engaged in chanting the names of Lord Krishna, singing His praises, reciting His glories, rendering services, prostrating before Him. Thou shalt realise that every aspect of creation, preservation and dissolution is under His Supreme authority, rule and guidance and is in fact His appendage. Meditating daily in full devotion, reflecting and marvelling over the unlimited multitude of phenomenal qualities and marvellous attributes such a blessed soul attains the ultimate goal of all existence, eternal communion with the Supreme Lord in their eternal spiritual form.