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⮪ BG 9.19 Bhagwad Gita Sanskrit Translation BG 9.21⮫

Bhagavad Gita Chapter 9 Verse 20

भगवद् गीता अध्याय 9 श्लोक 20

त्रैविद्या मां सोमपाः पूतपापा
यज्ञैरिष्ट्वा स्वर्गतिं प्रार्थयन्ते।
ते पुण्यमासाद्य सुरेन्द्रलोक
मश्नन्ति दिव्यान्दिवि देवभोगान्।।9.20।।

हिंदी अनुवाद - स्वामी रामसुख दास जी ( भगवद् गीता 9.20)

।।9.20।।वेदत्रयीमें कहे हुए सकाम अनुष्ठानको करनेवाले और सोमरसको पीनेवाले जो पापरहित मनुष्य यज्ञोंके द्वारा इन्द्ररूपसे मेरा पूजन करके स्वर्गप्राप्तिकी प्रार्थना करते हैं? वे पुण्यके फलस्वरूप इन्द्रलोकको प्राप्त करके वहाँ स्वर्गमें देवताओंके दिव्य भोगोंको भोगते हैं।

English Translation of Sanskrit Commentary By Sri Shankaracharya's

9.20 Those, again, who are ignorant and desirous of pleasures, trai-vidyah, who are versed in the three Vedas, who know the Rk, Yajus and Sama Vedas; somapah, who are drinkers of Soma; and who, as a result of that very drinking of Soma, are puta-papah, purified of sin; prarthayante, pray for; the svargatim, heavenly goal, the attainment of heaven-heaven itself being the goal [Ast. adds this portion-svareva gatih, heaven itself being the goal.-Tr.]-; istva, by worshipping; mam, Me, existing in the forms of gods such as the Vasus and others; yajnaih, through sacrifices such as the Agnistoma etc. And asadya, having reached; surendra-lokam, the place (world) of the kind of gods, of Indra; (which is) punyam, the result of righteousness; te, they; asnanti, enjoy; divi, in heaven; the devyan, divine, heavenly, supernatural;; deva-bhogan, pleasures of gods.

English Translation of Commentary - Dr. S. Sankaranarayan

9.20 See Comment under 9.21

English Translation of Ramanuja's Sanskrit Commentary

9.20 The three Vedas consist of the Rk, Yajus and Saman. The followers of the three Vedas are called Trai-vidyah, but they are not devoted to Vedanta (or Trayyanta). The great souls, who rely on Vedanta, know Me, as mentioned before, to be the only object to be known from all the Vedas. Considering Me as the highest object of attainment, they worship Me through singing My names etc., caused by deep devotion to Me, and also through the sacrifice of knowledge. But the followers of the three Vedas drink the Soma beverage, forming the remainder of sacrifices in honour of Indra and other divinities, as prescribed by the Vedas. They are thery purified of evil that stand in the way of attainment of heaven. In these sacrifices, in which Indra etc., are regarded as divinties, they really worship Me in the forms of these divinities. They however do not know that I abide in them in that way, and so they pray for the way to heaven etc. After attaining the world of Indra, which is free from unhappiness, they enjoy everywhere the divine pleasures.

Transliteration Bhagavad Gita 9.20

Yajnairishtwaa swargatim praarthayante; Te punyamaasaadya surendralokaMashnanti divyaan divi devabhogaan.

Word Meanings Bhagavad Gita 9.20

trai-vidyāḥ—the science of karm kāṇḍ (Vedic Rituals); mām—Me; soma-pāḥ—drinkers of the Soma juice; pūta—purified; pāpāḥ—sins; yajñaiḥ—through sacrifices; iṣhṭvā—worship; svaḥ-gatim—way to the abode of the king of heaven; prārthayante—seek; te—they; puṇyam—pious; āsādya—attain; sura-indra—of Indra; lokam—abode; aśhnanti—enjoy; divyān—celestial; divi—in heaven; deva-bhogān—the pleasures of the celestial gods