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Bhagavad Gita Chapter 9 Verse 10

भगवद् गीता अध्याय 9 श्लोक 10

मयाऽध्यक्षेण प्रकृतिः सूयते सचराचरम्।
हेतुनाऽनेन कौन्तेय जगद्विपरिवर्तते।।9.10।।

हिंदी अनुवाद - स्वामी रामसुख दास जी ( भगवद् गीता 9.10)

।।9.10।।प्रकृति मेरी अध्यक्षतामें सम्पूर्ण चराचर जगत्को रचती है। हे कुन्तीनन्दन इसी हेतुसे जगत्का विविध प्रकारसे परिवर्तन होता है।

English Translation of Sanskrit Commentary By Sri Shankaracharya's

9.10 Maya, under Me; adhyaksena, as the supervisor, remaining changeless as a mere witness under all circumstances; prakrtih, the Prakrti, My maya consisting of the three gunas and characterized as ignorance; suyate, produces; the world sa-cara-acaram. of the moving and the none-moving things. Thus there is the Vedic text, The one divine Being is hidden in all beings; He is amnipresent, the indwelling Self of all bengs, the Supervisor of actions, the refuge of all beings, the witness, the one who imparts consceiousness, unconditioned [This is according to Sankaracaryas commentary on this verse. A.G. interprets kevala as non-dual.-Tr.] and without alities (Sv. 6.11). Anena hetuna, owing to this reason-because of this presiding over; O son of Kunti, the jagat, world, with the moving and the non-moving things, consisting of the manifest and the unmanifest; viparivartate, revolves, under all conditions [During creation, continuance and dissolution.] All the activities of the world in the form, I eat this; I see; I hear this; I experience this happiness, suffer this sorrow; I shall do this for that purpose, [Ast. omits this portion.-Tr] I shall do this for this purpose; I shall know this, etc. indeed arise owing to their being the objects of the conscious witness. They verily exist in consciousness, and end in consciousness. And such mantras as, He who is the witness of this is in the supreme heaven [Supreme heaven, the heart; i.e. He is inscrutable.] (Rg., Na. Su. 10.129.7; Tai. Br.2.8.9), reveal this fact. Since it follows from this that there is no other conscious being part from the one Deity-who is the witness of all as the absolute Consciousness, and who in reality has no contact with any kind of enjoyment-, therefore there is no other enjoyer. Hence, in this context, the estion, For what purpose is this creation?, and its answer are baseless-in accordance with the Vedic text, Who know (It) truly, who can fully speak about this here? From where has this come? From where is this variegated creation? (Rg. 3.54.5; 10.129.6). And it has been pointed out by the Lord also: Knowledge remains covered by ignorance. Thery the creatures become deluded (5.15).

English Translation of Commentary - Dr. S. Sankaranarayan

9.9-10 Na ca etc. Maya etc. There is for Me no bondage of actions, because I remain unconcerned. That is why, not resorting to any activity, I am the pirme cause in the process of world-creation.

English Translation of Ramanuja's Sanskrit Commentary

9.10 Therefore, My Prakrti, looked at by Me, through My will and under My supervision creates the world with its mobile and immobile beings in accordance with the Karma of individual selves. Because of this, namely, My look at Prakrti in conformity with the Karma of individual selves, the world revolves. Behold in this wonderful phenomena the lordly power inherent to Me, the son of Vasudeva, such as My sovereignty, true resolve and being devoid of cruelty and similar blemishes! So declare the Srutis: The possessor of Maya projects this universe out of this. The other (i.e., individual self) is confined by Maya in the world. One should know the Maya to be the Prakrti. And the possessor of Maya to be the Mighty Lord (Sve. U., 4.9.10).

Transliteration Bhagavad Gita 9.10

Mayaa’dhyakshena prakritih sooyate sacharaacharam; Hetunaa’nena kaunteya jagadwiparivartate.

Word Meanings Bhagavad Gita 9.10

mayā—by Me; adhyakṣheṇa—direction; prakṛitiḥ—material energy; sūyate—brings into being; sa—both; chara-acharam—the animate and the inanimate; hetunā—reason; anena—this; kaunteya—Arjun, the son of Kunti; jagat—the material world; viparivartate—undergoes the changes