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Bhagavad Gita Chapter 8 Verse 12

भगवद् गीता अध्याय 8 श्लोक 12

सर्वद्वाराणि संयम्य मनो हृदि निरुध्य च।
मूर्ध्न्याधायात्मनः प्राणमास्थितो योगधारणाम्।।8.12।।

English Translation - Swami Gambirananda

8.12 Having controlled all the passages, having confined the mind in the heart, and having fixed his own vital force in the head, (and then) continuing in the firmness in yoga;

English Translation - Swami Sivananda

8.12 Having closed all the gates, confined the mind in the heart and fixed the life-breath in the head, engaged in the practice of concentration.

English Translation - Dr. S. Sankaranarayan

8.12. Properly controlling all the gates [in the body]; well restraining the mind in the heat; fixing ones own prana in the head; taking resort to the firmness of the Yoga;

English Commentary - Swami Sivananda

8.12 सर्वद्वाराणि all gates? संयम्य having controlled? मनः mind? हृदि in the heart? निरुध्य having confined? ट and? मूर्ध्नि in the head? आधाय having placed? आत्मनः of the self? प्राणम् breath? आस्थितः established (in)? योगधारणाम् practice of concentration.Commentary The gates are the senses of knowledge. Closing the gates means control of all senses by the practice of Pratyahara or withdrawal of the consciousness from them. Even if the senses are controlled? the mind will be dwelling on the sensual objects. Therefore the mind is confined or fixed in the lotus of the heart and thery all the thoughts or mental modifications are also controlled. The whole lifreath is now taken up and fixed at the crown of the head (Brahmarandhra or the hole of Brahman).

English Translation of Sanskrit Commentary By Sri Shankaracharya's

8.12 Samyamya, having controlled; sarva-dvarani, all the passages, the doors of perception; niruddhya, having confined; the manah, mind; hrdi, in the heart-not allowing it to spread out; and after that, with the help of the mind controlled therein, rising up through the nerve running upward from the heart, adhaya, having fixed; atmanah, his own; pranam, vital force; murdhni, in the lead; (and then) asthitah, continuing in; yogadharanam, the firmness in yoga-in order to make it steady-. And while fixing it there itself,

English Translation of Commentary - Dr. S. Sankaranarayan

8.12 See Comment under 8.14

English Translation of Ramanuja's Sanskrit Commentary

8.12 - 8.13 Subduing all the senses like ear etc., which constitute the doorways for sense impressions, i.e., withdrawing them from their natural functions; holding the mind in Me, the imperishable seated within the lotus of the heart; practising steady abstraction of mind (Dharana) which is called concentration or Yoga, i.e., abiding in Me alone in a steady manner; uttering the sacred syllable Om, the brahman which connotes Me; remembering Me, who am expressed by the syllable Om; and fixing his life-breath within the head - whosoever abandons the body and departs in this way reaches the highest state. He reaches the pure self freed from Prakrti, which is akin to My form. From that state there is no return. Such is the meaning. Later on Sri Krsna will elucidate: They describe that as the highest goal of the Atman, which is not destroyed when all things are destroyed, which is unmanifest and imperishable (8.2021). Thus, the modes of contemplation on the Lord by the aspirants after prosperity and Kaivalya (Atmann-consciousness) have been taught according to the goal they lead to. Now, Sri Krsna teaches the way of meditation on the Lord by the Jnanin and the mode of attainment by him.

Commentary - Chakravarthi Ji

Please see text 13 for Sri Visvanatha Cakravarti Thakur’s combined commentary to texts 12 and 13.

Rudra Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

The proposed means together with its accessories is being stated by in this verse and the next. Lord Krishna uses the word samyamya which means controlling. Withdrawing all the inlets of the organs being eyes, ears, tongue, etc. by non-cognition of external objects and focusing the mind in the heart, dismissing all external conceptions while fixing the life force in the ajna cakra between the eyebrows one should establish themselves and become absorbed in yoga or the science of the individual consciousness attaining communion with the ultimate consciousness.

Brahma Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

Shri Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

Lord Krishna uses the words sarva-dvarani samyamya means controlling the passages which enter into the body. This denotes withdrawing the senses from external cognition or restricting the senses from their normal outgoing tendencies. The words hrdi-nirudhya means locking the mind in the heart. It denotes directing devotional feelings from the mind to the atma or soul in the heart and offering them to the aksaram or imperishable Supreme Lord enthroned there. The words yoga-dharanam or performing the science of the individual consciousness attaining communion with the ultimate consciousness in unwavering meditation. This denotes concerted concentration in perfectly meditating upon the Supreme Lord with complete attention.

Kumara Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

Lord Krishna uses the words sarva-dvarani samyamya means controlling the passages which enter into the body. This denotes withdrawing the senses from external cognition or restricting the senses from their normal outgoing tendencies. The words hrdi-nirudhya means locking the mind in the heart. It denotes directing devotional feelings from the mind to the atma or soul in the heart and offering them to the aksaram or imperishable Supreme Lord enthroned there. The words yoga-dharanam or performing the science of the individual consciousness attaining communion with the ultimate consciousness in unwavering meditation. This denotes concerted concentration in perfectly meditating upon the Supreme Lord with complete attention.

Transliteration Bhagavad Gita 8.12

Sarvadwaaraani samyamya mano hridi nirudhya cha; Moordhnyaadhaayaatmanah praanamaasthito yogadhaaranaam.

Word Meanings Bhagavad Gita 8.12

sarva-dvārāṇi—all gates; sanyamya—restraining; manaḥ—the mind; hṛidi—in the heart region; nirudhya—confining; cha—and; mūrdhni—in the head; ādhāya—establish; ātmanaḥ—of the self; prāṇam—the life breath; āsthitaḥ—situated (in); yoga-dhāraṇām—the yogic concentration