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Bhagavad Gita Chapter 7 Verse 6

भगवद् गीता अध्याय 7 श्लोक 6

एतद्योनीनि भूतानि सर्वाणीत्युपधारय।
अहं कृत्स्नस्य जगतः प्रभवः प्रलयस्तथा।।7.6।।

English Translation - Swami Gambirananda

7.6 Understand thus that all things (sentient and insentient) have these as their source. I am the origin as also the end of the whole Universe.

English Translation - Swami Sivananda

7.6 Know that these two (Natures) are the womb of all beings. So I am the source and dissolution of the whole universe.

English Translation - Dr. S. Sankaranarayan

7.6. All beings are born of this womb. Hence keep [them] nearby. I am the origin as well as the dissolution of the entire world.

English Commentary - Swami Sivananda

7.6 एतद्योनीनि those of which these two (Prakritis) are the womb? भूतानि beings? सर्वाणि all? इति thus? उपधारय know? अहम् I? कृत्स्नस्य of the whole? जगतः of the world? प्रभवः source? प्रलयः dissolution? तथा also.Commentary These two Natures? the inferior and the superior? are the womb of all beings. As I am the source of these two Prakritis or Natures also? I am the cause of this universe. The whole universe originates from Me and dissolves in Me.In the Brahma Sutras (chapter 1? section 1? aphorism 2) it is said? Janmadyasya yatah meaning that Brahman is that omniscient and omnipotent cause from which proceed the origin? subsistence and dissolution of this world.Just as the mind is the material cause and also the seer (Drashta) for the objects seen in a dream? so also Isvara is the material cause of this world (UpadanaKarana) and also the seer (Drashta). He is also the efficient or the instrumental cause (NimittaKarana). (Cf.XIV.3)

English Translation of Sanskrit Commentary By Sri Shankaracharya's

7.6 Upadharaya, understand; iti, thus; that sarvani, all; bhutani, things; etat-yonini, have these (etat) as their source (yoni)-things that have these lower and higher Prakrtis, charcterized as the field and the Knower of the field (body), as their source are etat-yonini. Since My two Prakrtis are the source, the cause of all things, therefore, aham, I; am the prabhavah, origin; tatha, as also; the pralayah, end, the termination; krtsnasya, of the whole; jagatah, Universe. The maning is this: I, who am the ominscient God, am the source of the Univese through My two Prakrtis. Since this is so, therefore-

English Translation of Commentary - Dr. S. Sankaranarayan

7.6 See Comment under 7.7

English Translation of Ramanuja's Sanskrit Commentary

7.6 Know that all beings from Brahma down to a tuft of grass, who have their origin in these two Prakrtis of Mine, are aggregated forms of the self and of inanimate matter. Irrespective of whether they are existing in a superior or inferior form, the selves and inanimate matter are mixed together in them. On account of their origination in My two Prakrtis, they are Mine. So, know that because the entire universe has its origination in these two Prakrtis which have their origination in Me, I am myself the origin and dissolution of the entire universe. For the same reason, I am its Lord (Sesin). It is proved on the basis of the Srutis and Smrtis that these two, Prakrti and Purusa (matter and the self), which form the aggregate of all animate and inanimate beings, have the Supreme Person as their cause. This is evident from Sruti and Smrti texts like the following: The Mahat resolves into Avyakta, Avyakta into Aksara, Aksara into Tamas, and Tamas becomes one with the Supreme Lord (Su. U., 2); O sage, distinct from the form of Visnu, the Supreme Lord, the two forms, Prakrti and Purusa, arise (V. P., 1.2.24); and What was described by Me as Prakrti in its dual form of the manifest and the unmanifest, and the Purusa do merge in the Supreme Self, and the Supreme Self is the support of all. He is the Supreme Lord named Visnu, exalted in the Vedas and Vedanta (V. P., 6.4.38-39).

Commentary - Chakravarthi Ji

The Lord is the cause of the world, by these two energies. Know that all moving and non- moving entities arise from these two energies, maya sakti and jiva sakti, ksetra and ksetra jna. I alone am the creator of all this universe, since these two energies arise from me, and I alone am the destroyer of the universe, since it merges into me, in the form of these two energies, which are under my control.

Rudra Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

By describing the lower and higher, dual nature of prakriti the material substratum, Lord Krishna effectively explains His being their complete cause. All things moving and stationary have prakriti for their origin and are included in one of these two prakriti being either kshetra the field of activity and kshetrajna the utiliser of the field of activity. Of these the inert lower nature evolves as a physical body. Whereas the sentient prakriti with an eternal spark from the Supreme Lord being the atma or soul enters into all sentient beings as the witness and experiencer and sustains each and every being by their actions. Both these two prakritis are manifested from Lord Krishna and all living entities are subject to them. He is the originating cause from which each and everything effectively comes into existence. He is the ultimate cause of all creation entirely and He is also the sovereign cause of the periodic dissolution of all creation as well.

Brahma Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

It is not only that all creation is dependent upon Lord Krishna but also the wonderful phenomena of creation itself is a form of His splendour. Because of His splendour there is beauty and supremacy as well due to He being the established cause, the ultimate enjoyer and the illuminator. The Vedic scriptures iterate: That Lord Krishna is the all knowing, all performing, all enjoying, all fragrance and all essence. He is all things that can be seen or thought even though unknowable in words to be described by speech. Thus is He eulogised. Creation, preservation and destruction are all co-ordinated, orchestrated, energised and illuminated solely by just a fragment of Lord Krishna. Thus have seers and sages praised Him throughout the millenniums. The Narada Purana states: Because He is the ultimate enjoyer of all, He is known as sarva or everything and not because of His universal form. Even the enjoyments of the future are always His. Therefore through His inconceivable power all enjoyments are His. Now begins the summation. Gross manifestations and consciousness is the lower form of prakriti or the material substratum and subtle manifestations and consciousness is the higher form. Both are endowed with the attributes of three gunas or goodness, passion and ignorance; but only the subtle higher form is endowed with Sri or Laksmi Devi the beloved of the Supreme Lord. Both these forms are subservient to Lord Krishna and cause all the worlds to be created. Lord Krishna is the father of creation and from His energy Sri being the subtle consciousness can be seen as the mother of creation. Energised by Lord Krishnas creative potency all creation is manifested through her.

Shri Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

Lord Krishna is declaring that the higher and lower natures of prakriti or material nature both are constituted as His dual nature in the material existence. This dual nature consists of chit or sentient and achit insentient categories. This dual nature is the basis and foundation for all existence sentient and insentient. This dual nature is the power which designs and models according to qualifications all forms and potencies from the highest material entity, being Brahma to a blade of grass. This dual nature is the matrix for all intelligent and non-intelligent configurations and manifestations. This dual nature solely manifests from Lord Krishna and constitutes the substratum of all material things. He alone is the originator, the manifestor, the projector and the retractor of the total creation by only a fraction of His will. This dual nature of chit and achit being the collective compound of all creation exists within the complete nature of the Supreme Lord as merely an infinitesimal fragment of the total. This is given in sruti and smrti or revealed Vedic scriptures as evidenced in the Subala Upanisad:II beginning mahan avyak ta liyate aksharam tamasi liyate which means:The mahat or primal manifestation revolves back into avyakta the unmanifest, avyakta manifests into akshara the supra subtle invariable substance, akshara devolves into tamas the primordial undifferentiated basic substratum of the original prakriti which is complete darkness. This is a homogeneous refraction of nebulosity substratum existing as a diametrical reflection of the nebula within the Supreme Being. What is described by Lord Krishna as prakriti in its dual forms of chit and achit as well as the atma or the soul all merge into paramatma the Supreme Soul and paramatma is source and the support of all manifesting from the highest as an emanation from the Supreme Lord Krishna as eulogised in all the Vedas and Vedantas. In as such as He is the cause of the cause of all things and the source of the source of all beings and in as much as He is the Supreme Controller of all that is sentient and insentient and in as much as He is Supreme Power energising and maintaining all existence, possessing phenomenally glorious attributes and astonishing amazing qualities; Lord Krishna is paramount and superior to everything with nothing existing beyond Him and nothing existing separate from Him. Nor is there any God or demigod, or any other being in existence who possesses even a fraction of His attributes and qualities nor does any being have the competence to even imitate His imperishable cosmic potencies.

Kumara Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

Lord Krishna is declaring that the higher and lower natures of prakriti or material nature both are constituted as His dual nature in the material existence. This dual nature consists of chit or sentient and achit insentient categories. This dual nature is the basis and foundation for all existence sentient and insentient. This dual nature is the power which designs and models according to qualifications all forms and potencies from the highest material entity, being Brahma to a blade of grass. This dual nature is the matrix for all intelligent and non-intelligent configurations and manifestations. This dual nature solely manifests from Lord Krishna and constitutes the substratum of all material things. He alone is the originator, the manifestor, the projector and the retractor of the total creation by only a fraction of His will. This dual nature of chit and achit being the collective compound of all creation exists within the complete nature of the Supreme Lord as merely an infinitesimal fragment of the total. This is given in sruti and smrti or revealed Vedic scriptures as evidenced in the Subala Upanisad:II beginning mahan avyak ta liyate aksharam tamasi liyate which means:The mahat or primal manifestation revolves back into avyakta the unmanifest, avyakta manifests into akshara the supra subtle invariable substance, akshara devolves into tamas the primordial undifferentiated basic substratum of the original prakriti which is complete darkness. This is a homogeneous refraction of nebulosity substratum existing as a diametrical reflection of the nebula within the Supreme Being. What is described by Lord Krishna as prakriti in its dual forms of chit and achit as well as the atma or the soul all merge into paramatma the Supreme Soul and paramatma is source and the support of all manifesting from the highest as an emanation from the Supreme Lord Krishna as eulogised in all the Vedas and Vedantas. In as such as He is the cause of the cause of all things and the source of the source of all beings and in as much as He is the Supreme Controller of all that is sentient and insentient and in as much as He is Supreme Power energising and maintaining all existence, possessing phenomenally glorious attributes and astonishing amazing qualities; Lord Krishna is paramount and superior to everything with nothing existing beyond Him and nothing existing separate from Him. Nor is there any God or demigod, or any other being in existence who possesses even a fraction of His attributes and qualities nor does any being have the competence to even imitate His imperishable cosmic potencies.

Transliteration Bhagavad Gita 7.6

Etadyoneeni bhootaani sarvaaneetyupadhaaraya; Aham kritsnasya jagatah prabhavah pralayastathaa.

Word Meanings Bhagavad Gita 7.6

etat yonīni—these two (energies) are the source of; bhūtāni—living beings; sarvāṇi—all; iti—that; upadhāraya—know; aham—I; kṛitsnasya—entire; jagataḥ—creation; prabhavaḥ—the source; pralayaḥ—dissolution; tathā—and