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⮪ BG 7.29 Bhagwad Gita Ramanuja BG 8.1⮫

Bhagavad Gita Chapter 7 Verse 30

भगवद् गीता अध्याय 7 श्लोक 30

साधिभूताधिदैवं मां साधियज्ञं च ये विदुः।
प्रयाणकालेऽपि च मां ते विदुर्युक्तचेतसः।।7.30।।

English Translation - Swami Gambirananda

7.30 Those who know me as existing in the physical and the divine planes, and also in the context of the sacrifice, they of concentrated minds know Me even at the time of death.

English Translation of Ramanuja's Sanskrit Commentary

7.30 Here, other alified persons distinct from those already mentioned (i.e., those who desire Kaivalya) are to be understood, because of the mention again of the term those (ye). Even though the declaration - those seekers of fortune who know Me as being connected with the higher material entities (Adhibhuta) and with that which is higher to divinities (Adhidaiva) i.e., the self in Its lordship - resmles a repetition, it is really an injunction on account of the meaning not being known otherwise. The statement of knowing Me as being connected with the sacrifice is also enjoined as an injunction for all the three types of differently alified aspirants (those who aspire for Kaivalya, wealth and liberation) without any difference, because of the nature of the subject matter, that being sacrificial. None of the three types of aspirants can give up the performance of the great sacrifices and other rituals in the form of periodical and occasional rituals. They know Me at the hour of death in a way corresponding with their objectivies. Because of the term ca (too) in they too, those who have been mentioned before as striving for release from old age and death are also to be understood along with the others as knowing Me at the hour of death. By this, even the Jnanin knows Me as being connected with the sacrifice on account of the nature of the meaning of the subject treated (i.e., sacrifice). They also know Me even at the hour of death in a way corresponding with their objective. The purport is that, besides the others mentioned earlier like the knower of the Self, those others who are now described as knowing Him with Adhibhuta, Adhidaiva and Adhiyajna are to be included among those who will know Him at the time of death.

Transliteration Bhagavad Gita 7.30

Saadhibhootaadhidaivam maam saadhiyajnam cha ye viduh; Prayaanakaale’pi cha maam te vidur yuktachetasah.

Word Meanings Bhagavad Gita 7.30

sa-adhibhūta—governing principle of the field of matter; adhidaivam—governing principle of the celestial gods; mām—me; sa-adhiyajñam—governing principle of the Lord all sacrificial performances; cha—and; ye—who; viduḥ—know; prayāṇa—of death; kāle—at the time; api—even; cha—and; mām—me; te—they; viduḥ—know; yukta-chetasaḥ—in full consciousness of me