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Bhagavad Gita Chapter 6 Verse 45

भगवद् गीता अध्याय 6 श्लोक 45

प्रयत्नाद्यतमानस्तु योगी संशुद्धकिल्बिषः।
अनेकजन्मसंसिद्धस्ततो याति परां गतिम्।।6.45।।

English Translation - Swami Gambirananda

6.45 However, the yogi, applying himself assiduously, becoming purified from sin and attaining perfection through many births, thery acheives the highest Goal.

English Translation - Swami Sivananda

6.45 But the Yogi who strives with assiduity, purified of sins and perfected gradually through many births, reaches the highest goal.

English Translation - Dr. S. Sankaranarayan

6.45. After that, the assiduously striving man of Yoga, having his sins completely cleansed and being perfected through many briths, reaches the Supreme Goal.

English Commentary - Swami Sivananda

6.45 प्रयत्नात् with assiduity? यतमानः striving? तु but? योगी the Yogi? संशुद्धकिल्बिषः purified from sins? अनेकजन्मसंसिद्धः perfected through many births? ततः then? याति reaches? पराम् the highest? गतिम् path.Commentary He gains experiences little by little in the course of many births and eventually attains to perfection. Then he gets the knowledge of the Self and attains to the final beatitude of life.

English Translation of Sanskrit Commentary By Sri Shankaracharya's

6.45 The yogi, the man of Knowledge; yatamanah, applying himself; prayatnat, assiduously, i.e. striving more intensely; and as a result, samsuddha-kilbisah, becoming purified from sin; and aneka-janma-samsiddhah, attaining perfection through many births- gathering together tendencies little by little in many births, and attaining perfection through that totality of impressions acired in many births; tatah, thery coming to have full Illumination; yati, achieves; the param, highest, most perfect; ;gatim, Goal. Since this is so, therefore.

English Translation of Commentary - Dr. S. Sankaranarayan

6.43-45 Tatra etc. upto param gatim. For a full success : for emancipation. Being not a master of himself : Indeed being exclusively under the control of other [force], he is forcibly driven towards the practice of Yoga by that [mental impression of his] former practice. This is not an ordinary thing. For, his act of passing over what strengthens the [sacred texual] sound is only due to his desire for knowing the Yoga. He passes over, i.e., he does not undertake, what strengthens the sound i.e., that which is of the nature of hymn-recitation etc. After that : after [the rise of] desire for knowing [Yoga]. Striving by method of practice, he attains the Vasudevahood (identity with the Surpeme) at the time of destruction of his body. It should not be regarded that he has achieved success by [his pratice in] that single body gone. Instead, it should be regarded that he had practised during the course of many a life-period. Therefore, it may be conclude that the fallen-from-Yoga is he who craves continously for activities of [attaining] the Bhagavat by abandoning all other activities. The superiority (or importance) of the Yoga, [the Lord] describes:

English Translation of Ramanuja's Sanskrit Commentary

6.45 Because of such excellence of Yoga, through accumulation of merit collected in many births the Yogin striving earnestly, becomes cleansed from stains. Having become perfected, he reaches the supreme state, even though he had once gone astray. Sri Krsna now speaks of the superiority of the Yogin above all others because of his being devoted to the supreme goal of human existence.

Commentary - Chakravarthi Ji

The cause of falling from the path is lack of effort. That has been mentioned before: though he has faith, he puts forth little effort (ayatih). It has been mentioned that the fallen yogi with lax practice attains the practice of yoga again in the next life. However, he does not attain perfection. That will only be attained after many births when his practice becomes mature. But he does not become lax in the yoga practice, and cannot be called a fallen yogi. The perfection takes place only after many births of practice. Kardama Muni says: bahu-janma-vipakvena samyag-yoga-samadhina drastum yatante yatayah sunyagaresu yat-padam After many births, mature yogis, by complete trance in yoga, endeavor in secluded places to see the lotus feet of the Supreme Personality of Godhead. SB 3.24.28 Thus it is mentioned in this verse that he does not attain perfection in one birth. He makes great effort (prayatnad yatamanah) in this life, in contrast to his previous life (tu), and burns up all faults, but even he does not attain perfection in one life. Finally, he attains liberation (param gatim).

Rudra Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

If even a novice or beginner yogi or one perfecting the science of the individual consciousness attaining communion with the ultimate consciousness can eventually attain moksa or liberation from material existence. it goes without saying that what can be said for a yogi who practices diligently and wholeheartedly purifying themselves more and more in mind and bodily activities will soon attain perfection and atma tattva or realisatio of the soul through accumulated merits of performing yoga for many lifetimes and attain moksa..

Brahma Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

Lord Krishna states the words aneka-janma meaning after many births the aspirant by spiritual experience acquires spiritual knowledge and accumulated merit after many lifetimes and achieves moksa or liberation from the material existence. If one exerts themselves sincerely and intensely one becomes endowed with devotion to the Supreme Lord. In the Narada Purana it states: Knowing, perceiving and meditating for many lives in the mood of devotion a person invariably attains the immaculate Supreme Lord and not by any other manner or means.

Shri Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

Such is the greatness and virtue of this yoga or the science of the individual consciousness attaining merit with the ultimate consciousness, that ones merit increases and accumulates as a person incarnates through many births and ultimately purifies one by disengaging them from all attachments and impurities. In this way one becomes more and more competent and qualified for perfecting yoga and by enthusiastic effort despite any chance interruptions one eventually achieves perfection and attains moksa or liberation from material existence. The superiority above all others of the yogi who has chosen the highest of human ambitions atma tattva or realisation of the soul is revealed by Lord Krishna in the next verse.

Kumara Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

Such is the greatness and virtue of this yoga or the science of the individual consciousness attaining merit with the ultimate consciousness, that ones merit increases and accumulates as a person incarnates through many births and ultimately purifies one by disengaging them from all attachments and impurities. In this way one becomes more and more competent and qualified for perfecting yoga and by enthusiastic effort despite any chance interruptions one eventually achieves perfection and attains moksa or liberation from material existence. The superiority above all others of the yogi who has chosen the highest of human ambitions atma tattva or realisation of the soul is revealed by Lord Krishna in the next verse.

Transliteration Bhagavad Gita 6.45

Prayatnaadyatamaanastu yogee samshuddhakilbishah; Anekajanmasamsiddhas tato yaati paraam gatim.

Word Meanings Bhagavad Gita 6.45

prayatnāt—with great effort; yatamānaḥ—endeavoring; tu—and; yogī—a yogi; sanśhuddha—purified; kilbiṣhaḥ—from material desires; aneka—after many, many; janma—births; sansiddhaḥ—attain perfection; tataḥ—then; yāti—attains; parām—the highest; gatim—path