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Bhagavad Gita Chapter 6 Verse 43

भगवद् गीता अध्याय 6 श्लोक 43

तत्र तं बुद्धिसंयोगं लभते पौर्वदेहिकम्।
यतते च ततो भूयः संसिद्धौ कुरुनन्दन।।6.43।।

English Translation - Swami Gambirananda

6.43 There he becomes endowed with that wisdom acired in the previous body. and he strives more than before for perfection, O scion of the Kuru dynasty.

English Translation - Swami Sivananda

6.43 Thee he comes in touch with the knowledge acired in his former body and strives more than before for perfection, O Arjuna.

English Translation - Dr. S. Sankaranarayan

6.43. There in that life, he gains (regains) that link of mentality transmitted from his former body. Conseently once again he strives for a full success, O rejoicer of the Kurus !

English Commentary - Swami Sivananda

6.43 तत्र there? तम् that? बुद्धिसंयोगम् union with knowledge? लभते obtains? पौर्वदेहिकम् acired in his fomer body? यतते strives? च and? ततः than that? भूयः more? संसिद्धौ for perfection? कुरुनन्दन O son of the Kurus.Commentary When he takes a human body again in this world his previous exertions and practice in the path of Yoga are not wasted. They bear full fruit now? and hasten his moral and spiritual evolution.Our thoughts and actions are left in our subconscious minds in the form of subtle Samskaras or impressions. Our experiences in the shape of Samskaras? habits and tendencies are also stored up in our subconscious mind. These Samskaras of the past birth are revivified and reenergised in the next birth. The Samskaras of Yogic practices and meditation and the Yogic tendencies will compel the spiritual aspirant to strive with greater vigour than that with which he attempted in the former birth. He will endeavour more strenuously to get more spiritual experiences and to attain to higher planes of realisation than those acired in his previous birth.

English Translation of Sanskrit Commentary By Sri Shankaracharya's

6.43 Tatra, there, in the family of yogis; labhate, tam buddhisamyogam, he becomes endowed with that wisdom; paurva-dehikam, acired in the previous body. And yatate, he strives; bhuyah, more intensely; tatah, than before, more intensely than that tendency acired in the previous birth; samsiddau, for, for the sake of, perfection; kuru-nandana, O scion of the Kuru dynasty. How does he become endowed with the wisdom acired in the previous body? That is being answered:

English Translation of Commentary - Dr. S. Sankaranarayan

6.43 See Comment under 6.45

English Translation of Ramanuja's Sanskrit Commentary

6.43 - 6.44 There, in that existence, he regains the mental disposition for Yoga that he had in the previous birth. Like one awakened from sleep, he strives again from where he had left before attaining complete success. He strives so as not to be defeated by impediments. This person who has fallen away from Yoga is borne on towards Yoga alone by his previous practice, i.e., by the older practice with regard to Yoga. This power of Yoga is well known. Even a person, who has not engaged in Yoga but has only been desirous of knowing Yoga, i.e., has failed to follow it up, acries once again the same desire to practise Yoga. He then practises Yoga, of which the first stage is Karma Yoga, and transcends Sabda-brahman (or Brahman which is denotable by words). The Sabda-brahman is the Brahman capable of manifesting as gods, men, earth, sky, heaven etc., namely, Prakrti. The meaning is that having been liberated from the bonds of Prakrti, he attains the self which is incapable of being named by such words as gods, men etc., and which comprises solely of knowledge and beatitude. After thus describing the glory of Yoga the verse says:

Commentary - Chakravarthi Ji

In these two types of birth (tatra), he attains the state of mind of his previous life (paurva dehikam) with faith in the paramatma (buddhi samyogam).

Rudra Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

What happens then to such a person as described in the two previous verses. Lord Krishna declares that in both types of birth the person comes into contact with the level of spiritual knowledge which one acquired in the previous life and impelled by the impressions from it strives harder then ever before to reach the perfection of moksa or liberation from material existence.

Brahma Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

There is no commentary for this verse.

Shri Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

In the very next reincarnation such a practicer of yoga or the science of the individual consciousness attaining communion with the ultimate consciousness is propelled by the impressions of the previous birth and is drawn by the habits cultivated in their previous existence. Like one who while performing a task slumbers briefly but when roused from sleep enthusiastically continues onwards to finishing it. In the same way in their next birth such a practicer of yoga enthusiastically continues onwards in perfecting yoga from where they left off in the previous life. Lord Krishna is declaring that the influence of yoga and the past life habits involving yoga are so potent that they impel such a person in their next life to gravitate towards yoga instinctively and intuitively as if it were not in ones power to resist. Verily the majesty and greatness of yoga is well known to be such.

Kumara Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

In the very next reincarnation such a practicer of yoga or the science of the individual consciousness attaining communion with the ultimate consciousness is propelled by the impressions of the previous birth and is drawn by the habits cultivated in their previous existence. Like one who while performing a task slumbers briefly but when roused from sleep enthusiastically continues onwards to finishing it. In the same way in their next birth such a practicer of yoga enthusiastically continues onwards in perfecting yoga from where they left off in the previous life. Lord Krishna is declaring that the influence of yoga and the past life habits involving yoga are so potent that they impel such a person in their next life to gravitate towards yoga instinctively and intuitively as if it were not in ones power to resist. Verily the majesty and greatness of yoga is well known to be such.

Transliteration Bhagavad Gita 6.43

Tatra tam buddhisamyogam labhate paurvadehikam; Yatate cha tato bhooyah samsiddhau kurunandana.

Word Meanings Bhagavad Gita 6.43

tatra—there; tam—that; buddhi-sanyogam—reawaken their wisdom; labhate—obtains; paurva-dehikam—from the previous lives; yatate—strives; cha—and; tataḥ—thereafter; bhūyaḥ—again; sansiddhau—for perfection; kuru-nandana—Arjun, descendant of the Kurus