ज्ञेयः स नित्यसंन्यासी यो न द्वेष्टि न काङ्क्षति।
निर्द्वन्द्वो हि महाबाहो सुखं बन्धात्प्रमुच्यते।।5.3।।
।।5.3।। जो पुरुष न किसी से द्वेष करता है और न किसी की आकांक्षा वह सदा संन्यासी ही समझने योग्य है क्योंकि हे महाबाहो द्वन्द्वों से रहित पुरुष सहज ही बन्धन मुक्त हो जाता है।।
The characteristics of sannyasa or renunciation of the rewards of actions is given here by Lord Krishna to emphasise the superiority of sannyasa in and of itself. Now begins the summation. Characteristics of sannyasa are being described here such as being free from aversion and attraction and all dualities. Asceticism or the practice of tapasya or austerities is not what is meant here. What is meant here is the complete cessation of desire for the rewards of action as well as complete renunciation of the influence of all dualities such as happiness and distress which causes bondage in the world. So there is no contradiction in these two points.