विगतेच्छाभयक्रोधो यः सदा मुक्त एव सः।।5.28।।
।।5.27 5.28।।बाह्य पदार्थोंको बाहर ही छोड़कर और नेत्रोंकी दृष्टिको भौंहोंके बीचमें स्थित करके तथा नासिकामें विचरनेवाले प्राण और अपान वायुको सम करके जिसकी इन्द्रियाँ मन और बुद्धि अपने वशमें हैं जो मोक्षपरायण है तथा जो इच्छा भय और क्रोधसे सर्वथा रहित है वह मुनि सदा मुक्त ही है।
5.28 Krtva, keeping; bahyan, the external; sparsan, objects-sound etc.; bahih, outside: To one who does not pay attention to the external objects like sound etc., brought to the intellect through the ear etc., the objects become verily kept outside. Having kept them out in this way, and (keeping) the caksuh, eyes; antare, at the juncture; bhruvoh, of the eye-brows (-the word keeping has to be supplied-); and similarly, samau krtva, making eal; prana-apanau, the outgoing and the incoming breaths; nasa-abhyantara-carinau, that move through the nostrils; munih, the contemplative-derived (from the root man) in the sense of contemplating-, the monk; yata-indriya-mano-buddhih, who has control over his organs, mind and intellect; should be moksa-para-yanah, fully intent on Liberation-keeping his body is such a posture, the contemplative should have Liberation itself as the supreme Goal. He should be vigata-iccha-bhaya-krodhah, free from desire, fear and anger. The monk yah, who; sada, ever remains thus; sah, he; is muktah yah, who;sada, ever remains thus; sah, he; is muktah, ever, verily free. He has no other Liberation to seek after. What is there to be realized by one who has his mind thus concentrated? The answer this is beig stated:
5.27-28 Sparsan etc.; Yatendriya-etc. Warding off outside, i.e., not accepting, the external contacts (objects); establishing all the sense-organs - indicated by sense of sight - in the middle place in between the two wandering ones, i.e., the right and the left views in the form of desire and wrath viz., in that particular place which is free from both these; he would remain fixing in eipoise (or making neutral) both the forward (upward) and backward (downward) moving forces viz., the pious and impious acts, within the mental modification. Nasa that which acts crookedly. This is mental modification, because it behaves crookedly i.e., ineally due to anger etc. The same is in the external plane. A man of Yoga of this type is just free, though he transacts all mundane business.
5.27 - 5.28 Shutting off all contact with outside objects, i.e., stopping the outward functioning of the senses; seated with his trunk straightened in a posture fit for meditation (Yoga); fixing the gaze between the eye-brows, i.e., at the root of the nose where the eye-brows meet; ealising inward and outward breaths, i.e., making exhalatory and inhalatory breath move eally: making the senses, Manas and intellect no longer capable of anything except the vision of the self, conseently being free from desire, fear and wrath; who is intent on release as his final goal, i.e., having release as his only aim - the sage who is thus intent on the vision of the self is indeed liberated for ever, i.e., he is almost a liberated person, as he would soon be in the ultimate stage of fruition. Sri Krsna now says that Karma Yoga, described above, which is facilitated by the performance of obligatory and occasional rites and which culminates in meditation (Yoga), is easy to practise:
Yatendriya manobuddhir munir mokshaparaayanah; Vigatecchaabhaya krodho yah sadaa mukta eva sah.
sparśhān—contacts (through senses); kṛitvā—keeping; bahiḥ—outside; bāhyān—external; chakṣhuḥ—eyes; cha—and; eva—certainly; antare—between; bhruvoḥ—of the eyebrows; prāṇa-apānau—the outgoing and incoming breaths; samau—equal; kṛitvā—keeping; nāsa-abhyantara—within the nostrils; chāriṇau—moving; yata—controlled; indriya—senses; manaḥ—mind; buddhiḥ—intellect; muniḥ—the sage; mokṣha—liberation; parāyaṇaḥ—dedicated; vigata—free; ichchhā—desires; bhaya—fear; krodhaḥ—anger; yaḥ—who; sadā—always; muktaḥ—liberated; eva—certainly; saḥ—that person