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⮪ BG 3.33 Bhagwad Gita Vaishnav Sampradaya Commentary BG 3.35⮫

Bhagavad Gita Chapter 3 Verse 34

भगवद् गीता अध्याय 3 श्लोक 34

इन्द्रियस्येन्द्रियस्यार्थे रागद्वेषौ व्यवस्थितौ।
तयोर्न वशमागच्छेत्तौ ह्यस्य परिपन्थिनौ।।3.34।।

हिंदी अनुवाद - स्वामी रामसुख दास जी ( भगवद् गीता 3.34)

।।3.34।।इन्द्रियइन्द्रियके अर्थमें (प्रत्येक इन्द्रियके प्रत्येक विषयमें) मनुष्यके राग और द्वेष व्यवस्थासे (अनुकूलता और प्रतिकूलताको लेकर) स्थित हैं। मनुष्यको उन दोनोंके वशमें नहीं होना चाहिये क्योंकि वे दोनों ही इसके (पारमार्थिक मार्गमे विघ्न डालनेवाले) शत्रु हैं।

Rudra Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

If a persons inclination is dependent solely on their nature influenced by the three gunas or the modes of goodness, passion and nescience within prakriti or material nature then the question may arise what is the need for the injunctions and prohibitions in the Vedic scriptures? What Lord Krishna is emphasising here is that the attraction and aversion for each of the senses towards various sense objects is already established and fixed. This is why the word indriyasya is repeated twice to affirm this. Hence in accordance to this fixed relationship there is the inclination. Yet the Vedic scriptures declare that a person should not be influenced by dualities like attraction and aversion, agreeable and disagreeable because they are obstacles on the path of one seeking moksa or liberation. By stimulating attraction and aversion from the remembrance of various sense objects, prakriti forcibly engages an unwary person in sense gratification, like being dragged into a deep current. But the Vedic scriptures instruct one to offer all actions in yagna or worship to the Supreme Lord which will neutralise the dualities of attraction and aversion for sense objects and absolve one from all reactions. Exactly like a person safely taking refuge in a boat before entering a deep current.

Brahma Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

The senses are constantly being motivated by the force of attraction and aversion. Although Lord Krishna is emphasising the effect of restraining the senses is known to be temporary only still by His mentioning it opens the possibility that restraint may have an influence in dampening desires if engaged in regularly with determination and it might develop a lasting effect. Of course samskaras or past life impressions have a deep rooted influence on all living entities even in the case of Brahma and others but there is still the possibility to modify the situation by practising restraint of the senses in a regulated manner.

Shri Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

Lord Krishna confirms that a person who embarks upon the path of jnana yoga or the cultivation of Vedic wisdom should never fall again under the influence of dualities as they work against one and undermines all one efforts. The dualities of love and hate, attraction and aversion are a persons most invincible enemies and they completely frustrate all ones attempts for success and higher understanding.

Kumara Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

Lord Krishna confirms that a person who embarks upon the path of jnana yoga or the cultivation of Vedic wisdom should never fall again under the influence of dualities as they work against one and undermines all one efforts. The dualities of love and hate, attraction and aversion are a persons most invincible enemies and they completely frustrate all ones attempts for success and higher understanding.