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⮪ BG 3.33 Bhagwad Gita Sanskrit Translation BG 3.35⮫

Bhagavad Gita Chapter 3 Verse 34

भगवद् गीता अध्याय 3 श्लोक 34

इन्द्रियस्येन्द्रियस्यार्थे रागद्वेषौ व्यवस्थितौ।
तयोर्न वशमागच्छेत्तौ ह्यस्य परिपन्थिनौ।।3.34।।

हिंदी अनुवाद - स्वामी रामसुख दास जी ( भगवद् गीता 3.34)

।।3.34।।इन्द्रियइन्द्रियके अर्थमें (प्रत्येक इन्द्रियके प्रत्येक विषयमें) मनुष्यके राग और द्वेष व्यवस्थासे (अनुकूलता और प्रतिकूलताको लेकर) स्थित हैं। मनुष्यको उन दोनोंके वशमें नहीं होना चाहिये क्योंकि वे दोनों ही इसके (पारमार्थिक मार्गमे विघ्न डालनेवाले) शत्रु हैं।

English Translation of Sanskrit Commentary By Sri Shankaracharya's

3.34 Raga-dvesau, attraction and repulsion, in the following manner-attraction towards desirable things, and repulsion against undesirable things; (vyavasthitau, are ordained,) are sure to occur, arthe, with regard to objects such as sound etc.; indriyasya indriyasya, of all the organs, with regard to each of the organs. As to that, the scope of personal effort and scriptural purpose are being stated as follows: One who is engaged in the subject-matter of the scriptures should, in the very beginning, not come under the influence of love and hatred. For, that which is the nature of a person impels him to his actions, verily under the influence eof love and hatred. And then follow the rejection of ones own duty and the undertaking of somody elses duty. On the other hand, when a person controls love and hatred with the help of their opposites [Ignorance, the cause of love and hatred, has discrimination as its opposite.], then he becomes mindful only of the scriptural teachings; he ceases to be led by his nature. Therefore, na agacchet, one should not come; vasam, under the sway; tayoh, of these two, of love and hatred; hi because; tau, they; are asya, his, this persons pari-panthinau, adversaries, who, like robbers, put obstacles on his way to Liberation. This is the meaning. In this world, one impelled by love and hatred misinterprets even the teaching of the scriptures, and thinks that somody elses duty, too, has to be undertaken just because it is a duty! That is wrong:

English Translation of Commentary - Dr. S. Sankaranarayan

3.34 See Comment under 3.35

English Translation of Ramanuja's Sanskrit Commentary

3.34 An unavoidable attraction has been fixed for organs of sense like ear towards the objects like sound, and for organs of action like that of tongue towards their objects like tasty food. This longing is in the form of desire to experience these objects, which is caused by old subtle impressions. When their experience is thwarted, an unavoidable aversion is experienced. Thus, these two, attachment and aversion, bring under their control one who aspires to follow Jnana Yoga, and forcibly engage him in actions appropriate to them, in spite of his having established some sort of control over the senses. Such an aspirant fails to get the experience of the self, and therefore becomes completely lost. So no one practising Jnana Yoga should come under the sway of attachment and aversion, which are ruinous. These two, attachment and aversion, are indeed his unconerable foes that deter him from the practice of Jnana Yoga.

Transliteration Bhagavad Gita 3.34

Indriyasyendriyasyaarthe raagadweshau vyavasthitau; Tayor na vasham aagacchet tau hyasya paripanthinau.

Word Meanings Bhagavad Gita 3.34

indriyasya—of the senses; indriyasya arthe—in the sense objects; rāga—attachment; dveṣhau—aversion; vyavasthitau—situated; tayoḥ—of them; na—never; vaśham—be controlled; āgachchhet—should become; tau—those; hi—certainly; asya—for him; paripanthinau—foes