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Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 8

भगवद् गीता अध्याय 18 श्लोक 8

दुःखमित्येव यत्कर्म कायक्लेशभयात्त्यजेत्।
स कृत्वा राजसं त्यागं नैव त्यागफलं लभेत्।।18.8।।

हिंदी अनुवाद - स्वामी रामसुख दास जी ( भगवद् गीता 18.8)

।।18.8।।जो कुछ कर्म है? वह दुःखरूप ही है -- ऐसा समझकर कोई शारीरिक क्लेशके भयसे उसका त्याग कर दे? तो वह राजस त्याग करके भी त्यागके फलको नहीं पाता।

English Translation of Sanskrit Commentary By Sri Shankaracharya's

18.8 Yat, whatever; karma, action; tyajet, one may relinish, eva, merely; iti, as being; kuhkham, painful; [As being impossible to accomplish.] kaya-klesa-bhayat, from fear of physical suffering, out of fear of bodily pain; sah, he; krtva, having resorted; tyagam, to renunciation; rajasam, based on rajas, arising from rajas; will eva, surely; na labhet (shuld rather be labhate), not acire; tyaga-phalam, fruits of renunciation, the result called Liberation, which follows from renunciation of all actions as a conseence of Illumination. Which, again, is the renunciation based on sattva?

English Translation of Commentary - Dr. S. Sankaranarayan

18.8 See Comment under 18.11

English Translation of Ramanuja's Sanskrit Commentary

18.8 Although actions constitute the indirect menas for release, yet they produce mental depression, since they can be done only by collecting materials involving painful effort and since they cause bodily strain on account of their reiring strenuous exertion. If, on account of such fear, one decides that the practice of knowledge alone should be tried for perfection in Yoga, and abandons actions like the great sacrifices applicable to ones station in life, he practises renunciation rooted in Rajas. Since that is not the meaning of the Sastras, one cannot win the fruit of renunciation in the form of the rise of knowledge. So it will be shown further one: That reason by which one erroneously knows, O Arjuna, is Rajasika (18.31). In fact, actions do not directly cause purity of the mind but indirectly by winning the grace of God.

Transliteration Bhagavad Gita 18.8

Duhkhamityeva yat karma kaayakleshabhayaat tyajet; Sa kritwaa raajasam tyaagam naiva tyaagaphalam labhet.

Word Meanings Bhagavad Gita 18.8

duḥkham—troublesome; iti—as; eva—indeed; yat—which; karma—duties; kāya—bodily; kleśha—discomfort; bhayāt—out of fear; tyajet—giving up; saḥ—they; kṛitvā—having done; rājasam—in the mode of passion; tyāgam—renunciation of desires for enjoying the fruits of actions; na—never; eva—certainly; tyāga—renunciation of desires for enjoying the fruits of actions; phalam—result; labhet—attain