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Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 59

भगवद् गीता अध्याय 18 श्लोक 59

यदहङ्कारमाश्रित्य न योत्स्य इति मन्यसे।
मिथ्यैष व्यवसायस्ते प्रकृतिस्त्वां नियोक्ष्यति।।18.59।।

English Translation - Swami Gambirananda

18.59 That you think I shall not fight, by relying on egotism,-vain is this determination of yours. (Your) nature impel you!

English Translation - Swami Sivananda

18.59 If, filled with egoism, thou thinkest: I will not fight, vain is this, thy resolve; Nature will compel thee.

English Translation - Dr. S. Sankaranarayan

18.59. In case, holding fast to the sense of ego, you think (decide) I shall not fight, that resolve of yours will be just useless. [For] your own natural condition will incite you [to fight].

English Commentary - Swami Sivananda

18.59 यत् if? अहङ्कारम् egoism? आश्रित्य having taken refuge in? न not? योत्स्ये (I) will fight? इति thus? मन्यसे (thou) thinkest? मिथ्या vain? एषः this? व्यवसायः resolve? ते thy? प्रकृतिः nature? त्वाम् thee? नियोक्ष्यति will compel.Commentary This strong determination of thy mind will be rendered utterly futile by thy inner nature thy nature will constrain thee thy nature as a warrior will compel thee to fight. It is a mere illusion to say that thou art Arjuna? that these are thy relatives and that to kill them will be a sin.

English Translation of Sanskrit Commentary By Sri Shankaracharya's

18.59 Yat, that; manyase, you think, resolve; this-na yotsye, I shall not fight; asritya, by relying; on ahankaram, egotism, mithya, vain; is esah, this; vyava-sayah, determination; te, of yours; because prakrtih, nature, your own nature of a Ksatriya; niyoksyati, will impell; ;tvam, you!

English Translation of Commentary - Dr. S. Sankaranarayan

18.59 See Comment under 18.60

English Translation of Ramanuja's Sanskrit Commentary

18.59 If, in your self-conceit, i.e., under a false sense of independence that you know what is good for you and what is not - if, not heeding My ?nd, you think, I will not fight, then this resolve based on your sense of independence will be in vain. For Nature will compel you to go against your resolve - you who are ignorant and who adversely react to my sovereignty. He elucidates the same:

Commentary - Chakravarthi Ji

“For me, a ksatriya, the highest dharma is to fight. Being afraid of the sin incurred from killing friends, I do not desire to start fighting.” The Lord scolds Arjuna in this verse. “Your nature (prakrtih) will make you fight. Now you do not respect my words. But when your irrepressible natural desire to fight arises, then while fighting, and automatically killing your elders like Bhisma, you will smile at me!”

Rudra Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

In a chastising mood the Supreme Lord Krishna states that indulging in ideas not sanctioned by the Vedic scriptures is egotistic vanity and disregarding the injunctions of the Vedic scriptures is delusion. As confirmed earlier the jiva or embodied being is not a free agent. It is subject to the three gunas or modes of material nature which are governed by prakriti the material substratum pervading physical existence. A ksatriya or warrior is situated in raja guna the mode of passion. The influence of raja guna is so strong that by its potency a ksatriya will be compelled to fight by their own volition.

Brahma Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

Lord Krishna is referring to the powerful influence of three gunas or modes of material nature that manifests from prakriti or the material substratum pervading physical existence which is the external potency of the brahman or spiritual substratum pervading all existence. The brahman is the impersonal aspect of the Supreme Lord Krishna. So in this way the Supreme Lord is the absolute power behind all actions.

Shri Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

Lord Krishna in a chastising mood reinforces the theme that if out of ahankara or egoism the delusion of ignoring His instructions is entertained and assumption of independence is embraced and one decides to artificially oppose their own natural path disregarding His mandate to the contrary. Such independent resolve will end in disappointment due to the reality that the predominant guna or mode of material nature will compel one to act in spite of all resistance. The mode itself will coerce one to acquiescence beyond their control.

Kumara Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

Lord Krishna in a chastising mood reinforces the theme that if out of ahankara or egoism the delusion of ignoring His instructions is entertained and assumption of independence is embraced and one decides to artificially oppose their own natural path disregarding His mandate to the contrary. Such independent resolve will end in disappointment due to the reality that the predominant guna or mode of material nature will compel one to act in spite of all resistance. The mode itself will coerce one to acquiescence beyond their control.

Transliteration Bhagavad Gita 18.59

Yadahankaaram aashritya na yotsya iti manyase; Mithyaisha vyavasaayaste prakritistwaam niyokshyati.

Word Meanings Bhagavad Gita 18.59

yat—if; ahankāram—motivated by pride; āśhritya—taking shelter; na yotsye—I shall not fight; iti—thus; manyase—you think; mithyā eṣhaḥ—this is all false; vyavasāyaḥ—determination; te—your; prakṛitiḥ—material nature; tvām—you; niyokṣhyati—will engage