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⮪ BG 18.51 Bhagwad Gita Vaishnav Sampradaya Commentary BG 18.53⮫

Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 52

भगवद् गीता अध्याय 18 श्लोक 52

विविक्तसेवी लघ्वाशी यतवाक्कायमानसः।
ध्यानयोगपरो नित्यं वैराग्यं समुपाश्रितः।।18.52।।

हिंदी अनुवाद - स्वामी रामसुख दास जी ( भगवद् गीता 18.52)

।।18.52।।जो विशुद्ध (सात्त्विकी) बुद्धिसे युक्त? वैराग्यके आश्रित? एकान्तका सेवन करनेवाला और नियमित भोजन करनेवाला साधक धैर्यपूर्वक इन्द्रियोंका नियमन करके? शरीरवाणीमनको वशमें करके? शब्दादि विषयोंका त्याग करके और रागद्वेषको छोड़कर निरन्तर ध्यानयोगके परायण हो जाता है? वह अहंकार? बल? दर्प? काम? क्रोध और परिग्रहका त्याग करके एवं निर्मम तथा शान्त होकर ब्रह्मप्राप्तिका पात्र हो जाता है।

Rudra Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

Endued with purified intelligence of a nature secured in sattva guna or mode of goodness, tenacious control of the mind insuring that ones purified intelligence is constant and steady. Relinquishing all desires for sense objects and abandoning the ever fickle dualities of likes and dislikes such a one is qualified to realise the brahman or spiritual substratum pervading all existence. Such an aspirant will sequester themselves in a pure, remote location such as forest or mountain. Restraining speech, the impulses of the mind and the impetus of the body, always devoted to the practice of yoga or facilitating communion with the Supreme Lord which comes from reflection, contemplation and meditation upon the Supreme Lord Krishna constantly striving in this endeavour with firm dispassion so that it remains constant and unbroken. Rejecting the egoism of the delusion that one is the doer and controller which gives the illusion that one is free from worldly attachment. Rejecting all things superfluous which are inclined to lead one away from spiritual pursuits. Rejection of objects of the senses and the desire to enjoy them even if they appear unsolicited. Thus one who has steadfastly arrived at this state has become totally tranquil and serene having achieved supreme peace and such a one is qualified to realise the brahman.

Brahma Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

Lord Krishna is stating that by imbibing and actualising these attributes one assumes the nature of brahman the spiritual substratum pervading all existence.

Shri Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

Buddhi is spiritual intelligence the consciousness which exclusively focuses on the atma. Manas refers to the mind, senses and body which acting in such a way discourages desires for sense gratification and encourages reflection on the Supreme Lord. Vairagyam-samipasritah means renouncing the objects which the senses hanker for and indifference to mundane pursuits. It is while chasing such pursuits that occasionally friendship or enmity transpires so ceasing from these pursuits would free one from raga-dvesau attraction and repulsion. Vivikta-sevi is seeking solitude in remote places aloof from disturbances to meditation. Moderation in eating and sleeping. Dhyana- yoga means internally performing continuous bhakti or exclusive loving devotional service unto the Supreme Lord Krishna or any of His avatars or incarnations and expansions as authorised in Vedic scriptures. Gradually increasing aversion towards anything that is not connected to the atma or immortal soul and the Supreme Lord. Ahankaram is egoistic conceptions that considers the body to be all in all and cannot discern that they are not their physical body. Balam is lust for power, darpan is vain conceit which is derived from it and nirmanam is the notion one possesses what is not ones own. Santah is tranquillity peacefulness, the serenity of bliss acquired by constant reflection and meditation upon the Supreme Lord qualifies one to achieve realisation of the brahman or spiritual substratum pervading all existence and and achieving moksa or liberation from material existence attains atma tattva or soul realisation and enters into the bliss of communion with the Supreme Lord.

Kumara Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

Buddhi is spiritual intelligence the consciousness which exclusively focuses on the atma. Manas refers to the mind, senses and body which acting in such a way discourages desires for sense gratification and encourages reflection on the Supreme Lord. Vairagyam-samipasritah means renouncing the objects which the senses hanker for and indifference to mundane pursuits. It is while chasing such pursuits that occasionally friendship or enmity transpires so ceasing from these pursuits would free one from raga-dvesau attraction and repulsion. Vivikta-sevi is seeking solitude in remote places aloof from disturbances to meditation. Moderation in eating and sleeping. Dhyana- yoga means internally performing continuous bhakti or exclusive loving devotional service unto the Supreme Lord Krishna or any of His avatars or incarnations and expansions as authorised in Vedic scriptures. Gradually increasing aversion towards anything that is not connected to the atma or immortal soul and the Supreme Lord. Ahankaram is egoistic conceptions that considers the body to be all in all and cannot discern that they are not their physical body. Balam is lust for power, darpan is vain conceit which is derived from it and nirmanam is the notion one possesses what is not ones own. Santah is tranquillity peacefulness, the serenity of bliss acquired by constant reflection and meditation upon the Supreme Lord qualifies one to achieve realisation of the brahman or spiritual substratum pervading all existence and and achieving moksa or liberation from material existence attains atma tattva or soul realisation and enters into the bliss of communion with the Supreme Lord.