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Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 34

भगवद् गीता अध्याय 18 श्लोक 34

यया तु धर्मकामार्थान् धृत्या धारयतेऽर्जुन।
प्रसङ्गेन फलाकाङ्क्षी धृतिः सा पार्थ राजसी।।18.34।।

हिंदी अनुवाद - स्वामी रामसुख दास जी ( भगवद् गीता 18.34)

।।18.34।।हे पृथानन्दन अर्जुन फलकी इच्छावाला मनुष्य जिस धृतिके द्वारा धर्म? काम (भोग) और अर्थको अत्यन्त आसक्तिपूर्वक धारण करता है? वह धृति राजसी है।

English Translation of Sanskrit Commentary By Sri Shankaracharya's

18.34 Tu, but, O Partha; the dhrtya, firmness; yaya, with which; a person dharayate, holds on to; dharma-kama-arthan, righteousness, covetable things and wealth-entertains the conviction in the mind that these ought to be pursued always; and becomes phala-akanksi, desirous of their fruits; prasangena, as the occasion for each arises, according as the situation arises for holding on to any one of dharma etc.; sa, that; dhrtih, firmness; is rajasi, born of rajas.

English Translation of Commentary - Dr. S. Sankaranarayan

18.34 See Comment under 18.35

English Translation of Ramanuja's Sanskrit Commentary

18.34 That Dhrti by which a person who, desirous of fruits, i.e., through intense attachment holds fast to duty, desires, and wealth, is of the nature of Rajas. By the terms Dharma-kamartha, the activities of the mind, vital force and senses as a means for the attainment of Dharma (duty) Kama (pleasure) and Artha (wealth) are signified. Even in the expression, One desirous of fruits, that term indicates duty, desire and wealth, on account of the Rajasika nature of the aspirant. Therefore, what is said amounts to this: the Dhrti by which one maintains activities of the mind etc., with the purpose of attaining duty; desire and wealth, is of the nature of Rajas.

Transliteration Bhagavad Gita 18.34

Yayaa tu dharmakaamaarthaan dhrityaa dhaarayate’rjuna; Prasangena phalaakaangkshee dhritih saa paartha raajasee.

Word Meanings Bhagavad Gita 18.34

yayā—by which; tu—but; dharma-kāma-arthān—duty, pleasures, and wealth; dhṛityā—through steadfast will; dhārayate—holds; arjuna—Arjun; prasaṅgena—due of attachment; phala-ākāṅkṣhī—desire for rewards; dhṛitiḥ—determination; sā—that; pārtha—Arjun, the son of Pritha; rājasī—in the mode of passion