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Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 Verse 33

भगवद् गीता अध्याय 18 श्लोक 33

धृत्या यया धारयते मनःप्राणेन्द्रियक्रियाः।
योगेनाव्यभिचारिण्या धृतिः सा पार्थ सात्त्विकी।।18.33।।

English Translation - Swami Gambirananda

18.33 O Partha, the firmness that is unfailing through concentration, with which one restrains the functions of the mind, vital forces and the organs, that firmness is born of sattva.

English Translation - Swami Sivananda

18.33 The unwavering firmness by which, through Yoga, the functions of the mind, the life-force and the senses are restrained that firmness, O Arjuna, is Sattvic (pure).

English Translation - Dr. S. Sankaranarayan

18.33. The unfailing content because of which one restrains, with Yoga, the activities of mind, the living breath and the senses-that content is considered to be of the Sattva (Strand).

English Commentary - Swami Sivananda

18.33 धृत्या by firmness? यया (by) which? धारयते holds? मनःप्राणेन्द्रियक्रियाः the functions of the mind? the Prana and the senses? योगेन by Yoga? अव्यभिचारिण्या unswerving? धृतिः firmness? सा that? पार्थ O Arjuna? सात्त्विकी Sattvic (pure).Commentary When firmness is awakened in the mind? the activities of the mind? the lifeforce and the senses are brought under control. The senses are withdrawn into the mind. The Prana and the Apana pass into the Sushumna Nadi.Yoga Samadhi or concentration of the mind. You cannot restrain the mind? the lifeforce and the senses by mere firmness. You can control them only by firmness which is ever accompanied by concentration of the mind.When the mind? the lifeforce and the senses are curbed by unwarvering firmness? they cannot run towards external sensual objects? they cannot do any mischief? they cannot move in ways which are opposed to the scriptures? they will be absorbed into their respective causes and their outgoing tendencies will be totally checked.This firmness is not repression or suppression? but an intelligent sublimation and inner transformation.

English Translation of Sanskrit Commentary By Sri Shankaracharya's

18.33 O Partha, dhrtya, the firmness; (-is connected with the remote word) avyabhicarinya, that is unfailing; yogena, through concentration, i.e. (the firmness that is) ever associated with samadhi (absorption in Brahman); yaya, with which; dharayate, one restrains;-what?-manah-prana-indriya-kriyah, the functions of the mind, vital forces and organs-restrains them from tending towards the path opposed to the scriptures-. Indeed, when restrained with firmness, they do not incline towards objects prohibited by the scriptures. Sa, that; dhrtih, firmness, which is of this kind; is sattviki, born of sattva. What is mean is that when one restrains the functions of the mind, vital forces and organs with unfailing firmness, one does so through yoga, concentration.

English Translation of Commentary - Dr. S. Sankaranarayan

18.33 See Comment under 18.35

English Translation of Ramanuja's Sanskrit Commentary

18.33 That Dhrti by which one through unswerving Yoga sustains the activities of the mind and the vital force and the sense-organs is said to be of the nature of Sattva. Yoga is worship of the Lord which forms the means for release. The meaning is that the Dhrti or fortitude by means of which one sustains the activities of the mind and other organs in the practice of Yoga (worship) until ones object is accomplished, is of the nature of Sattva.

Commentary - Chakravarthi Ji

Three types of determination are now described.

Rudra Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

Although consciousness has many functions such as desire and aversion, it is buddhi intellect and dhriti determination which lead to righteousness and happiness whereas their absence leads to unrighteousness and despair. Of the various functions of the consciousness buddhi and dhriti are the chief ones that determine the others and so the influence of the three gunas or modes of material nature have been specifically explained in this light by Lord Krishna. The threefold influence of the three gunas or modes of material nature beginning with sattva guna mode of goodness on dhrita or determination is illustrated by unwavering concentration upon the goal to be achieved by the aid of yoga or the individual consciousness attaining communion with the ultimate consciousness by meditation and breathing exercises known as pranayama by which the senses are brought under complete control and directed to focus fully upon the goal. Such dhrita possessed by a jiva or embodied being is situated in sattva guna.

Brahma Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

There is no commentary for this verse.

Shri Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

The potency of unwavering meditation and pranayama or breath control by which one enables and directs all the energies of the mind and controls the senses is an auxillary of yoga the individual consciousness attaining communion with the ultimate consciousness and is the only means of moksa or liberation from material existence. Bhakti yoga is exclusive loving devotion to the Supreme Lord Krishna or any of authorised avatars or incarnations as revealed in Vedic scriptures. This is absolutely the only way one may be freed from the enslavement of samsara the perpetual cycle of birth and death. There is no other alternative. Bhakti is glorious and sanctified, bestowing beatific bliss upon the performer and blessings upon all creation and is the only means for attaining the ultimate goal of all existence. On who has cast all other conceptions and designations far away and exclusively engages in bhakti yoga to the Supreme Lord with their mind, senses and body has their dhriti or determination situated fully in sattva guna the mode of goodness.

Kumara Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

The potency of unwavering meditation and pranayama or breath control by which one enables and directs all the energies of the mind and controls the senses is an auxillary of yoga the individual consciousness attaining communion with the ultimate consciousness and is the only means of moksa or liberation from material existence. Bhakti yoga is exclusive loving devotion to the Supreme Lord Krishna or any of authorised avatars or incarnations as revealed in Vedic scriptures. This is absolutely the only way one may be freed from the enslavement of samsara the perpetual cycle of birth and death. There is no other alternative. Bhakti is glorious and sanctified, bestowing beatific bliss upon the performer and blessings upon all creation and is the only means for attaining the ultimate goal of all existence. On who has cast all other conceptions and designations far away and exclusively engages in bhakti yoga to the Supreme Lord with their mind, senses and body has their dhriti or determination situated fully in sattva guna the mode of goodness.

Transliteration Bhagavad Gita 18.33

Dhrityaa yayaa dhaarayate manah praanendriyakriyaah; Yogenaavyabhichaarinyaa dhritih saa paartha saattwikee.

Word Meanings Bhagavad Gita 18.33

dhṛityā—by determining; yayā—which; dhārayate—sustains; manaḥ—of the mind; prāṇa—life-airs; indriya—senses; kriyāḥ—activities; yogena—through Yog; avyabhichāriṇyā—with steadfastness; dhṛitiḥ—determination; sā—that; pārtha—Arjun, the son of Pritha; sāttvikī—in the mode of goodness