अयुक्तः प्राकृतः स्तब्धः शठो नैष्कृतिकोऽलसः।
विषादी दीर्घसूत्री च कर्ता तामस उच्यते।।18.28।।
।।18.28।।जो कर्ता असावधान? अशिक्षित? ऐंठअकड़वाला? जिद्दी? उपकारीका अपकार करनेवाला? आलसी? विषादी और दीर्घसूत्री है? वह तामस कहा जाता है।
18.28 The agent who is ayuktah, unsteady; prakrtah, naive, of very unrefined intelligence, like a child; stabdhah, unbending like a staff-he does not bend down to anyone; sathah, deceitful, cunning, hiding his own powers; naiskrtikah, wicked, given to destroying the livelihood of others; alasah, lazy, not inclined even to his own duties; visadi, morose, ever in a mood of dejection; and dirghasutri, procrastinating, postponing duties for long, [Ast. adds here, sarvada mandasvabhavah, always slow by nature.-Tr.] not accomplishing even in a month what is to be done today or tomorrow;-one who is such, he ucyate, is said to be; tamasah, possessed of tamas.
18.26-28 Muktasangah etc. upto Tamasa ucyate. He who does not make speech of egoism : He who does not claim I am the agent i.e., he who is different from the one who claims so by natural inclination, or claims as such with an intention that I should do so, or claims so in an efficient manner. This nini (suffix employed in anahamvadi) does not prohibit for a Yogin, the speech I do under the influence of the cover of the mundane life. Who is overpowered by joy and grief : i.e., at the time of success and failure [respectively]. Wickedness : cruelty.
18.28 Ayukta is the doer who is unalified for acts enjoined by the Sastras; the meaning is that he is engaged in perverse acts; who is unrefined, means one uninstructed; who is stubborn, means one who is not disposed to act; who is depraved means one who has the taste for black magic etc; who is dishonest is one who is treacherous; who is indolent is one who is not inclined to carry out actions undertaken; who is despondent is one given to excessive despondency; and one who is dilatory, is a person who, while engaged in black magic, etc., pays malevolent attention to produce long-standing evil to others - such a doer is declared to be Tamasika. Thus, has been told the threefold division in terms of the Gunas of the knowledge about the work that ought to be performed, and about the agent of work. Now, Sri Krsna describe s the threefold division of Buddhi and Dhrti (fortitude) on the basis of Gunas. These faculties give the determinate knowledge of all realities in existence and of all ends of human life (Purusarthas).
Ayuktah praakritah stabdhah shatho naishkritiko’lasah; Vishaadee deerghasootree cha kartaa taamasa uchyate.
ayuktaḥ—undisciplined; prākṛitaḥ—vulgar; stabdhaḥ—obstinate; śhaṭhaḥ—cunning; naiṣhkṛitikaḥ—dishonest or vile; alasaḥ—slothful; viṣhādī—unhappy and morose; dīrgha-sūtrī—procrastinating; cha—and; kartā—performer; tāmasaḥ—in the mode of ignorance; uchyate—is said to be