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Bhagavad Gita Chapter 17 Verse 27

भगवद् गीता अध्याय 17 श्लोक 27

यज्ञे तपसि दाने च स्थितिः सदिति चोच्यते।
कर्म चैव तदर्थीयं सदित्येवाभिधीयते।।17.27।।

हिंदी अनुवाद - स्वामी रामसुख दास जी ( भगवद् गीता 17.27)

।।17.27।।यज्ञ? तप और दानरूप क्रियामें जो स्थिति (निष्ठा) है? वह भी सत् -- ऐसे कही जाती है और उस परमात्माके निमित्त किया जानेवाला कर्म भी सत् -- ऐसा ही कहा जाता है।

हिंदी अनुवाद - स्वामी तेजोमयानंद

।।17.27।। यज्ञ? तप और दान में दृढ़ स्थिति भी सत् कही जाती है? और उस (परमात्मा) के लिए किया गया कर्म भी सत् ही कहलाता है।।

हिंदी टीका - स्वामी रामसुख दास जी

।।17.27।। व्याख्या --   यज्ञे तपसि दाने च स्थितिः सदिति चोच्यते -- यज्ञ? तप और दानरूप प्रशंसनीय क्रियाओंमें जो स्थिति (निष्ठा) होती है? वह सत् कही जाती है। जैसे? किसीकी सात्त्विक यज्ञमें? किसीकी सात्त्विक तपमें और किसीकी सात्त्विक दानमें जो स्थिति -- निष्ठा है अर्थात् इनमेंसे एकएक चीजके प्रति हृदयमें जो श्रद्धा है और इन्हें करनेकी जो तत्परता है? वह सन्निष्ठा (सत्निष्ठा) कही जाती है।च पद देनेका तात्पर्य यह है कि जिस प्रकार लोगोंकी सात्त्विक? यज्ञ? तप और दानमें श्रद्धा -- निष्ठा होती है? ऐसे ही किसीकी वर्णधर्ममें? किसीकी आश्रमधर्ममें? किसीकी सत्यव्रतपालनमें? किसीकी अतिथिसत्कारमें? किसीकी सेवामें? किसीकी आज्ञापालनमें? किसीकी पातिव्रतधर्ममें और किसीकी गङ्गाजीमें? किसीकी यमुनाजीमें? किसीकी प्रयागराज आदि विशेष तीर्थोंमें जो हृदयसे श्रद्धा है? उनमें जो रुचि? विश्वास और तत्परता है? वह भी सन्निष्ठा कही जाती है।कर्म चैव तदर्थीयं सदित्येवाभिधीयते -- उन प्रशंसनीय कर्मोंके अलावा कर्मोंके दो तरहके स्वरूप होते हैं -- लौकिक (स्वरूपसे ही संसारसम्बन्धी) और पारमार्थिक (स्वरूपसे ही भगवत्सम्बन्धी) --,(1) वर्ण और आश्रमके अनुसार जीविकाके लिये यज्ञ? अध्यापन? व्यापार? खेती आदि व्यावहारिक कर्तव्यकर्म और खानापीना? उठनाबैठना? चलनाफिरना? सोनाजगना आदि शारीरिक कर्म -- ये सभी लौकिक हैं।(2) जपध्यान? पाठपूजा? कथाकीर्तन? श्रवणमनन? चिन्तनध्यान आदि जो कुछ किया जाय? सब,पारमार्थिक है।इन दोनों प्रकारके कर्मोंको अपने सुखआराम आदिका उद्देश्य न रखकर निष्कामभाव एवं श्रद्धाविश्वाससे केवल भगवानके लिये अर्थात् भगवत्प्रीत्यर्थ किये जायँ तो वे सबकेसब तदर्थीय कर्म हो जाते हैं। भगवदर्थ होनेके कारण उनका फल सत् हो जाता है अर्थात् सत्स्वरूप परमात्माके साथ सम्बन्ध होनेसे वे सभी दैवीसम्पत्ति हो जाते हैं? जो कि मुक्ति देनेवाली है।जैसे अग्निमें ठीकरी रख दी जाय तो अग्नि उसको अग्निरूप बना देती है। यह सब अग्निकी ही विशेषता है कि ठीकरी भी अग्निरूप हो जाती है ऐसे ही उस परमात्माके लिये जो भी कर्म किया जाय? वह सब सत् अर्थात् परमात्मस्वरूप हो जाता है अर्थात् उस कर्मसे परमात्माकी प्राप्ति हो जाती है। उस कर्ममें जो भी विशेषता आयी है? वह परमात्माके सम्बन्धसे ही आयी है। वास्तवमें तो कर्ममें कुछ भी विशेषता नहीं है।यहाँ तदर्थीयम् कहनेका तात्पर्य है कि जो ऊँचेसेऊँचे भोगोंको? स्वर्ग आदि भोगभूमियोंको न चाहकर केवल परमात्माको चाहता है? अपना कल्याण चाहता है? मुक्ति चाहता है? ऐसे साधकका जितना पारमार्थिक साधन बन गया है? वह सब सत् हो जाता है। इस विषयमें भगवान्ने कहा है कि कल्याणकारी काम करनेवाले किसीकी भी दुर्गति नहीं होती (गीता 6। 40)? इतनी ही बात नहीं? जो योग(समता अथवा परमात्मतत्त्व) का जिज्ञासु होता है? वह भी वेदोंमें स्वर्ग आदिकी प्राप्तिके लिये बताये हुए सकाम कर्मोंसे ऊँचा उठ जाता है (गीता 6। 44)। कारण कि वे कर्म तो फल देकर नष्ट हो जाते हैं? पर उस परमात्माके लिये किया हुआ साधन -- कर्म नष्ट नहीं होता? प्रत्युत सत् हो जाता है। सम्बन्ध --   पूर्वश्लोकमें आया कि परमात्माके उद्देश्यसे किये गये कर्म सत् हो जाते हैं। परन्तु परमात्माके उद्देश्यसे रहित जो कर्म किये जाते हैं? उनकी कौनसी संज्ञा होगी इसे आगेके श्लोकमें बताते हैं।

हिंदी टीका - स्वामी चिन्मयानंद जी

।।17.27।। तत्सत् से प्रारम्भ किये गये प्रकरण का तात्पर्य यह है कि यदि साधक के यज्ञ? दान और तप ये कर्म पूर्णतया शास्त्रविधि से सम्पादित नहीं भी हों? तब भी परमात्मा के स्मरण तथा परम श्रद्धा के साथ यथाशक्ति उनका आचरण करने पर वे उसे श्रेष्ठ फल प्रदान कर सकते हैं।इसका सिद्धांत यह है कि मनुष्य जगत् में अहंकार और स्वार्थ से प्रेरित होकर शुभाशुभ कर्म करता है। इन कर्मों के फलस्वरूप उसके अन्तकरण में वासनाएं होती जाती हैं? जो उसे कर्मों में प्रवृत्त करके उसके बन्धनों को दृढ़ करती जाती हैं। इन कर्म बन्धनों से मुक्ति पाने का उपाय कर्म ही है? परन्तु वे कर्म केवल कर्तव्य कर्म ही हों और उनका आचरण ईश्वरार्पण बुद्धि से किया जाना चाहिए। ईश्वर के स्मरण से अहंकार नहीं रह जाता और इस प्रकार वासनाओं की निवृत्ति हो जाती है। इसीलिए इस श्लोक में कहा गया है कि परमात्मा के लिए किया गया कर्म सत् कहलाता है? क्योंकि वह मोक्ष का साधन है।यज्ञदानादि कर्म परम श्रद्धा के साथ युक्त होने पर ही पूर्ण होते हैं। तब स्वाभाविक ही

English Translation - Swami Gambirananda

17.27 And the steadfastness in sacrifice, austerity and charity is spoken of as sat. And even the action meant for these is, verily, called as sat (good).

English Translation - Swami Sivananda

17.27 Steadfastness in sacrifice, austerity and gift, is also called Sat and also action in connection with these (or for the sake of the Supreme) is called Sat.

English Translation - Dr. S. Sankaranarayan

17.27. The steadfastness is performing sacrifice, in austerity and in giving gift is also called SAT; and also the act for such purpose is [hence] just called SAT.

English Commentary - Swami Sivananda

17.27 यज्ञे in sacrifice? तपसि in austerity? दाने in gift? च and? स्थितिः steadiness? सत् Sat? इति thus? च and? उच्यते is called? कर्म action? च and? एव also? तदर्थीयम् in connection with these or for the sake of the Supreme? सत् Sat? इति thus? एव even? अभिधीयते is called.Commentary If you perform sacrifice? austerity? gift and all actions in a spirit of total surrender to the Lord or the Eternal Being with purity and sincerity of heart? you will attain the highest goal of life or immortality? freedom and eternal bliss. If you do them in the name and for the sake of Brahman you will attain perfection and supreme peace of the Absolute.If you pin your faith on the glory and power of this name Om or Om Tat Sat? you will be freed from the bondage of birth and death. If you perform any sacrifice? austerity or charity or any action in a selfless and motiveless spirit? surrendering all the actions and their rewards to the Lord and if you utter the word Sat with faith? feeling and devotion? you will attain perfection and success in the action.Even the imperfect and nonSattvic acts of sacrifice? austerity and gift will be turned into perfect and Sattvic ones.These Sacrifice? austerity and gift.

English Translation of Sanskrit Commentary By Sri Shankaracharya's

17.27 And sthitih, steadfastness; that is yajne, in sacrifice, in the act of sacrifice; the steadfastness that is tapasi, in austerity; and the steadfastness that is dane, in charity; that ucyate, is spoken of; sat iti, as sat, by learned persons. And eva, even; the karma, action; tad-arthiyam, meant for these-for sacrifice, charity and austerity, or for Him whose names are under discussion, i.e. for God; is eva, verily; abhidhiyate, called; sat iti, as sat (good). Thus, in this way, the acts of sacrifice, austerity, etc., even when they are devoid of sattva and goodness, become good and endued with sattva by he use of the three names of Brahman with faith. And as regards those (sacrifice etc.), since in all cases everything is performed with a predominance of faith, therefore-

English Translation of Commentary - Dr. S. Sankaranarayan

17.23-27 Om etc. upto abhidhiyate. An indication of the Brahman i.e., an act of facing (or aiming at) the Brahman is made by these three words viz., OM, TAT and SAT. Of them, Om indicates that This purport of the scriptures is [to be ?] accepted as long as one has bodily connection. The pronoun TAT, which denotes generality and which is incapable of denoting exclusively a particular, mentions, as far as the Brahman is concerned, the absence of intention for fruit. An intention is not possible without reference to something particular. No doubt [TAT] may denote all particulars [in general]. But it would lead to intending the fruits and the doer-ship with regard to all [in general]. Even then [the Brahman] cannot have connection with any particular fruit. The Vedic word SAT denotes prasie. The act, like this sacrifice etc., though perormed, truns out to be an act of the Tams (evil act) if it is performed with the idea, It is an evil act. Further, what is performed with an intention for a particular fruit is not praiseworthy, and it causes nothing but bondage. Therefore, those, who bear in mind, This is a thing to be performed - they are not fettered, even though they perform acts like sacrifice etc. With this idea only, it has been said in the Adiparvan as - The austerity is not dirt, nor the [Vedic] study, nor the natural ritual enjoined by the Vedas, and nor the act of earning wealth by all efforts. But, if they are struck by mind, they themselves become dirt. (MB, Adi. i, 210). [Here in this passage] dirt that which fetters. Natural : [That is, ordained ], such as - Without expecting anything, a Brahman should learn the Vedas etc., together with their six subsidiaries etc. By all effort : by the act that is suitable and is well known in the scriptures and in the worldly practice. By mind : by the mind that is yoked to the traid of the Strands, Sattva etc. [Those actions that] have been simply ruined [by that mind], are binding and not otherwise. This is the idea here. Therefore, the acts like sacrifice etc., and the acts, like aciring [Wealth] etc., for that purpose, have to be perfored as being inevitable as long as the body exists. Or, perhaps, the word OM conveys [with regard to the Brahman] the idea of That in Which the entire universe has been totally calmed down. TAT conveys the idea of That of the nature of Sovereign Independence of Will, which is nothing but comprehending the rising waves in the form of the universe. And the word SAT denotes the act of manifestation by the Brahman - even though It is complete in Itself - as [the universe] having varied nature, a manifestation that causes differences (or duality) expanding under the weight of its Sovereign Independenc of Will. Hence it has been said In the sense of manifesting as beings and in the sense of manifesting perfectly [SAT is employed]. Thus, having is front [as a casue] that aspect (the Soul) of highly tranil nature; and having in the centre that aspect which is well connected with desire-waves viz., the desire to make gift, the desire to perform sacrifice and the desire to observe penance; this final body radiates (or dances) filled with a group of activities, such as offering gift, performing sacrifice and observing austerity, and of what are conducive to them. This triad is indeed simultaneously the inherent nature of the Unhindered One (the Soul). So, what fruit could be there ? And to whom ? How ? Whence ? Where ? And by what means ? The act of person, with no faith, is an act of the Tamas and bears no fruit in any way and bears fruit which is nothing but the labour undertaken in bringing together the band of means [of those acts]. Hence one should not on any account remain faithless. This is being said now :

English Translation of Ramanuja's Sanskrit Commentary

17.27 Therefore, devotion of persons of the first three stations who follow the Vedas in respect of sacrifices, austerities and gifts is called Sat, since it is auspicious. So the Vedas, Vedic acts and the three stations, expressed by the term brahmana, since they are characterised by their connection with the words Om Tat Sat, are to be distinguished from what are not the Vedas and Vedic.

Commentary - Chakravarthi Ji

Rudra Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

The auspiciousness of the word SAT is being glorified by Lord Krishna. SAT is the sound vibration representing the brahman or spiritual substratum pervading all existence and to exemplify eternal goodness and the purity of creation. For any Vedic rite enjoined to be performed under the ordinances and injunctions of the Vedic scriptures by authorised Vaisnavas and brahmanas; SAT will also be vibrated in conjunction with OM and TAT. Steadiness and concentration in yagnas or propitiation and worship is also deemed as SAT. All activities directly performed for the satisfaction of the Supreme Lord such as collection of articles for offering like ghee or clarified butter from a cow, sweeping and cleaning the temple of the Supreme Lord, singing devotional songs in glorification of the Supreme Lord, making flower garlands for Lord Krishna or any authorised incarnation and expansion as revealed in Vedic scriptures, etc. All these direct activities are deemed as SAT. Even indirect activities that assist in accomplishing the direct activities such as establishing flower gardens and agricultural fields, harvesting fruits, rice and grains, acquiring wealth to be donated to the Vaisnava brahmana devotees of the Supreme Lord Krishna, all these indirect activities are also deemed to be SAT. Therefore since OM TAT SAT are transcendental nomenclatures connected to the Supreme Lord and eternally auspicious they are recited at all Vedic rites by duly initiated Vaisnavas and brahmanas from one of the four sampradayas or authorised channels of disciplic succession as revealed in Vedic scriptures and by their efficacy perfect any defects or errors. To consider SAT as only a mere laudatory evocation is not consistent with the ultimate reality. SAT denotes creation, the eternal existence of the atma or immortal soul and perpetual goodness. SAT is understood to be an injunction with the maxim: SAT is eternally auspicious and always to be praised, honoured and glorified.

Brahma Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

The word SAT denotes creation and eternal goodness. The pranava refers to the first breath OM which is vibrated at the commencement of all Vedic rites from the root word prana meaning breath. Properly pronouncing the pranava OM as AH--OOOH--MMMMM while comprehensively understanding its meaning without the slightest desire for rewards, by performing yagnas or propitiation and worship to the Supreme Lord with devotion and tapah or austerities and danam or charity as matter of duty, by japa chanting the holy names of the Supreme Lord Krishna: Hare Krishna Hare Krishna Krishna Krishna Hare Hare Hare Rama Hare Rama Rama Rama Hare Hare With great respect and love as well as the names of any of His authorised incarnations and expansions as revealed in Vedic scriptures are all considered SAT. Thus by duly initiated Vaisnava brahmanas evoking the sacred sound vibrations OM TAT SAT, the Supreme Lord is verily propitiated and worshipped. The Rig Veda confirms that yagnas that are performed for the exclusive satisfaction of the Supreme Lord without the slightest trace for expectation of rewards and are designated OM TAT SAT. The Vedas call these three divine sounds the performers of Vedic rites due to the fact that the potency of vibrating OM TAT SAT perfects any defects, insures success and pleases the Supreme Lord granting communion with Him.

Shri Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

The Supreme Lord Krishna explains that the word SAT denotes eternal existence and perpetual goodness. The words sad-bhave exemplifies eternal existence and the words sadhu-bhave exemplifies perpetual goodness. This is the correct understanding in which SAT is to be comprehended in the Vedas as well as its utilisation by the recitation of SAT in prescribed Vedic rituals performed exclusively by the Vaisnavas and brahmanas. Similarly the transcendental sound of SAT may be evoked for any auspicious activity ordained by the Vedic scriptures by duly initiated Vaisnava brahmanas in any of the 480,000 types of humans existing throughout creation. To follow the prescribed Vedic duties of yagna or propitiation and worship by the Vaisnava brahmanas, tapah or austerities by the ksatriyas the royal warrior class and danam or charity by the vaisyas or merchant class are all considerd in sattva guna or mode of goodness because they are conscientiously following the ordinances and injunctions of the Vedic scriptures. Thus all such activities are known as SAT denoting perpetual goodness and due to being dedicated to the Supreme Lord they possess auspicious attributes of an eternal nature and for this they are also known as SAT. Thus the relationship of OM TAT SAT to the Vedas, the performance of prescribed Vedic activities performed by Vaisnava brahmanas and protected by the ksatriyas while supported by the vaisyas clearly and succinctly demonstrates what is factually Vedic in society and what is actually situated in sattva guna while simultaneously clarifying comprehensively by the logic of opposing parallels what is not Vedic in society and thus doomed to the perdition of exclusion from the ascending orbit of sattva guna.

Kumara Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

The Supreme Lord Krishna explains that the word SAT denotes eternal existence and perpetual goodness. The words sad-bhave exemplifies eternal existence and the words sadhu-bhave exemplifies perpetual goodness. This is the correct understanding in which SAT is to be comprehended in the Vedas as well as its utilisation by the recitation of SAT in prescribed Vedic rituals performed exclusively by the Vaisnavas and brahmanas. Similarly the transcendental sound of SAT may be evoked for any auspicious activity ordained by the Vedic scriptures by duly initiated Vaisnava brahmanas in any of the 480,000 types of humans existing throughout creation. To follow the prescribed Vedic duties of yagna or propitiation and worship by the Vaisnava brahmanas, tapah or austerities by the ksatriyas the royal warrior class and danam or charity by the vaisyas or merchant class are all considerd in sattva guna or mode of goodness because they are conscientiously following the ordinances and injunctions of the Vedic scriptures. Thus all such activities are known as SAT denoting perpetual goodness and due to being dedicated to the Supreme Lord they possess auspicious attributes of an eternal nature and for this they are also known as SAT. Thus the relationship of OM TAT SAT to the Vedas, the performance of prescribed Vedic activities performed by Vaisnava brahmanas and protected by the ksatriyas while supported by the vaisyas clearly and succinctly demonstrates what is factually Vedic in society and what is actually situated in sattva guna while simultaneously clarifying comprehensively by the logic of opposing parallels what is not Vedic in society and thus doomed to the perdition of exclusion from the ascending orbit of sattva guna.

Transliteration Bhagavad Gita 17.27

Yajne tapasi daane cha sthitih saditi chochyate; Karma chaiva tadartheeyam sadityevaabhidheeyate.

Word Meanings Bhagavad Gita 17.27

sat-bhāve—with the intention of eternal existence and goodness; sādhu-bhāve—with auspicious intention; cha—also; sat—the syllable Sat; iti—thus; etat—this; prayujyate—is used; praśhaste—auspicious; karmaṇi—action; tathā—also; sat-śhabdaḥ—the word “Sat”; pārtha—Arjun, the son of Pritha; yujyate—is used; yajñe—in sacrifice; tapasi—in penance; dāne—in charity; cha—and; sthitiḥ—established in steadiness; sat—the syllable Sat; iti—thus; cha—and; uchyate—is pronounced; karma—action; cha—and; eva—indeed; tat-arthīyam—for such purposes; sat—the syllable Sat; iti—thus; eva—indeed; abhidhīyate—is described