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Bhagavad Gita Chapter 17 Verse 25

भगवद् गीता अध्याय 17 श्लोक 25

तदित्यनभिसन्धाय फलं यज्ञतपःक्रियाः।
दानक्रियाश्च विविधाः क्रियन्ते मोक्षकाङ्क्षि।।17.25।।

English Translation - Swami Gambirananda

17.25 After (uttering) the word tat, acts of sacrifice and austerity as also the various acts of charity are performed without regard for results by persons aspiring for Liberation.

English Translation - Swami Sivananda

17.25 Uttering ï1Tatï1, without aiming at the fruits, are the acts of sacrifice and austerity and the various acts of gifts performed by the seekers of liberation.

English Translation - Dr. S. Sankaranarayan

17.25. With [the utterance of] TAT and without aiming at the fruit, the acts of sacrifice and austerity and the various acts of gifts are performed by those who seek emancipation.

English Commentary - Swami Sivananda

17.25 तत् That? इति thus? अनभिसन्धाय without aiming at? फलम् fruit? यज्ञतपःक्रियाः acts of sacrifice and austerity? दानक्रियाः acts of gits? च and? विविधाः various? क्रियन्ते are performed? मोक्षकाङ्क्षिभिः by the seekers of liberation.Commentary With Tat With the utterance of the word Tat (That).Phalam Fruit of sacrifice? austerity and charity.Danakriyah Acts of charity such as gifts of land? gold? rice? clothes? etc.The immortal Soul which transcends the whole world? the three Gunas? the three bodies? the three,states of waking? dreaming and deep sleep? which illumines everything? which is the basis of all? and the source of everything is connoted by the word Tat. The sages and the aspirants meditate on Tat. They utter the word Tat and say? May all our actions and the fruits of them be in the name of Tat (That or Brahman).Thus they offer all actions and their fruits to Brahman and practise renunciation. They are freed from egoism and the bondage of Karma. They attain Selfrealisation through purity of heart caused by selfless? motiveless and desireless actions.The actions that is ennobled and sanctified by uttering Om at the beginning and which is offered to That is transformed into the nature of Brahman. All actions in their entirety? O Arjuna? culminate in wisdom (IV.33). He who does the actions with the spirit of sacrifice becomes Brahman eventually.Tat is symbolic of the presentation of all the fruits of all such activities to Brahman. If you utter Tat? it is tantamount to saying? They are nt mine. What has been begun with Om is given away to Brahman with the utterance of Tat.The use of Sat is described in the following verse.

English Translation of Sanskrit Commentary By Sri Shankaracharya's

17.25 After uttering the word tat, which is a name of Brahman, yajna-tapah-kriyah, acts of sacrifice and austerity; ca, as also; vividhah, the various; dana-kriyah, acts of charity, such as gift of land, gold, etc.; kriyante, are performed; anabhisandhaya, without regard for; phalam, results of actions; moksa-kanksibhih, by persons aspiring for Liberation. The use of the words Om and tat has been stated. Thereafter, the use of the word sat is bieng presently stated:

English Translation of Commentary - Dr. S. Sankaranarayan

17.25 See Comment under 17.27

English Translation of Ramanuja's Sanskrit Commentary

17.25 Whatever acts such as the study of the Vedas, sacrifices, austerities and gifts are done without aiming at results by those of the first three stations, seeking only final release - these are designated by the term Tat referring to the brahman, since they constitute the means for attainment of brahman. For it is well known that the term Tat signifies brahman, as in the following passage: He is Sah,Vah, Kah, Kim, Yat, Tat, Padam, Anuttamam. (M.B., 13.254.91). Thus, the study of the Vedas, sacrifices etc., which are the means of attaining release, have been stated; the connection of Tat has been spoken of since the word Tat signifies them (i.e., the study of Vedas etc.). The connection of the term Tat with the three stations is shown because of their practising the study of the Vedas etc., in the way stated. In order to show how the term Sat is connected with these, Sri Krsna shows the etymology of the term Sat, as it is prevalent in the world:

Commentary - Chakravarthi Ji

Uttering the word tat (tad iti), uddhrtya being understood from the previous verse, they perform activities such as charity. Anabhisandhaya means without seeking results.

Rudra Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

Now Lord Krishna glorifies the auspicious sound vibration TAT. The performance of yagna or propitiation, tapah or austerities and danam or charity by the pure minded aspirants in sattva guna the mode of goodness are performed without any desire for rewards. Therefore the recitation of TAT is auspicious because through the purification of the mind and the subsequent renunciation of desire for recompense one becomes motivated for spiritual goals such as moksa or liberation from material existence, atma tattva or realisation of the immortal soul and communion with the Supreme Lord.

Brahma Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

Shri Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

Whatever prescribed Vedic activities performed by the Vaisnavas and brahmanas such as study of the Vedic scriptures and yagna or propitiation and worship by ritual to the Supreme Lord, tapah or austerities by the ksatriyas or royal warrior class and danam or charity by the vaisyas or merchant class are all done out of devotion and dedicated to the Supreme Lord Krishna or any of His authorised incarnations and expansions as revealed in Vedic scriptures without the slightest desire for material rewards. Such activities devoid of motivation for mundane results are designated as TAT signifying that such acts are for atma tattva or realisation of the immortal soul, perception of the brahman or spiritual substratum pervading all existence and attaining communion with the Supreme Lord. The Vishnu Sahasrasa confirms that: sah, vah, kah, klim, and tat denote the Supreme absolute. Hence the ontology of TAT has been demonstrated to signify its connection to transcendental and eternal activities which independently bestow moksa or freedom from material existence and promotion to the eternal spiritual realms.

Kumara Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

Whatever prescribed Vedic activities performed by the Vaisnavas and brahmanas such as study of the Vedic scriptures and yagna or propitiation and worship by ritual to the Supreme Lord, tapah or austerities by the ksatriyas or royal warrior class and danam or charity by the vaisyas or merchant class are all done out of devotion and dedicated to the Supreme Lord Krishna or any of His authorised incarnations and expansions as revealed in Vedic scriptures without the slightest desire for material rewards. Such activities devoid of motivation for mundane results are designated as TAT signifying that such acts are for atma tattva or realisation of the immortal soul, perception of the brahman or spiritual substratum pervading all existence and attaining communion with the Supreme Lord. The Vishnu Sahasrasa confirms that: sah, vah, kah, klim, and tat denote the Supreme absolute. Hence the ontology of TAT has been demonstrated to signify its connection to transcendental and eternal activities which independently bestow moksa or freedom from material existence and promotion to the eternal spiritual realms.

Transliteration Bhagavad Gita 17.25

Tadityanabhisandhaaya phalam yajnatapah kriyaah; Daanakriyaashcha vividhaah kriyante mokshakaangkshibhih.

Word Meanings Bhagavad Gita 17.25

tat—the syllable Tat; iti—thus; anabhisandhāya—without desiring; phalam—fruitive rewards; yajña—sacrifice; tapaḥ—austerity; kriyāḥ—acts; dāna—charity; kriyāḥ—acts; cha—and; vividhāḥ—various; kriyante—are done; mokṣha-kāṅkṣhibhiḥ—by seekers of freedom from material entanglements