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Bhagavad Gita Chapter 17 Verse 11

भगवद् गीता अध्याय 17 श्लोक 11

अफलाकाङ्क्षिभिर्यज्ञो विधिदृष्टो य इज्यते।
यष्टव्यमेवेति मनः समाधाय स सात्त्विकः।।17.11।।

English Translation - Swami Gambirananda

17.11 That sacrifice which is in accordance with the injunctions, (and is) performed by persons who do not hanker after results, and with the mental conviction that it is surely obligatory, is done through sattva.

English Translation - Swami Sivananda

17.11 That sacrifice which is offered by men without desire for reward as enjoined by the ordinance (scripture), with a firm faith that to do so is a duty, is Sattvic or pure.

English Translation - Dr. S. Sankaranarayan

17.11. That sacrifice is of the Sattva (Strand), which is offered, as found in the injunction, by men craving for no fruit, by stabilizing their mind with the thought that it is just a thing to be offered.

English Commentary - Swami Sivananda

17.11 अफलाकाङ्क्षिभिः by men desiring no fruit? यज्ञः sacrifice? विधिदृष्टः as enjoined by the ordinance? यः which? इज्यते is offered? यष्टव्यम् ought to be offered? एव only? इति thus? मनः the mind? समाधाय having fixed? सः that? सात्त्विकः Sattvic or pure.Commentary When a sacrifice is done with all due Sattvic rites? faith and devotion? without the least taint of desire for reward? with the mind fixed on the sacrifice only? for its own sake (for the,sake of discharging the duty only)? then it is said to be pure in its nature. Here the sacrifice is done in a disinterested spirit or with an attitude of desirelessness (Nishkamya Bhava) as an auxiliary to the attainment of the knowledge of the Self. Such selfless and desireless actions purify the mind and prepare the aspirant for the reception of divine light or knowledge of the Self. The Sattvic nature of a man forces him to do such selfless and desireless sacrifices. He does not care even for his own emancipation. He performs them with the firm belief that they ought to be done. He does them with the firm resolve that sacrifice is a duty.Yajna here is not limited to the ceremonial sacrifice. It is used in a broad sense. Any unselfish action done without attachment? without agency or egoism and without expectation of reward? as an offering unto the Lord? is a Yajna or sacrifice.

English Translation of Sanskrit Commentary By Sri Shankaracharya's

17.11 Sah, that; yajnah, sacrifice; vidhi-drstah, which is in accordance with the injunctions, which is known through scriptural unjunctions; (and) yah, which; is ijyate, performed; a-phala-akanksibhih, by persons who do not hanker after results; manah samadhaya, with the mental conviction; iti, that; yastavyam, eva, it is surely obligatory, their duty is to accomplish the sacrifice just as it should be-with the firm idea, I have no human goal to achieve through this-; is said to be a sacrifice which is sattvikah, done through sattva.

English Translation of Commentary - Dr. S. Sankaranarayan

17.11 See Comment under 17.13

English Translation of Ramanuja's Sanskrit Commentary

17.11 That sacrifice is marked by Sattva which is offered by those desiring no fruits, with the conviction, i.e., with the idea that it ought to be performed or that it should be offered for its own sake as worship of the Lord as enjoined in the injunctions of the Sastras, i.e., with hymns, right materials and proper rituals.

Commentary - Chakravarthi Ji

With this verse the Lord begins to speak of the three types of sacrifice. That is sattvika sacrifice which is performed according to the rules with no desire for results. What would be the impetus for sacrifice if there were no desire for results? The mind is fixed in performing the sacrifice with the idea that it should be done because the scriptures prescribe it thus (yastavyam eva iti).

Rudra Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

Lord Krishna confirms that yagna or propitiation and worship also corresponds to the three gunas or modes of material nature and is threefold. That yagna which is performed and offered to the Supreme Lord following the ordinances and injunctions of the Vedic scriptures in the prescribed manner which is compulsory by Vaisnavas and brahmanas for the exclusive satisfaction for the Supreme Lord without any desire for rewards is known to be in sattva guna the mode of goodness. How is this enacted one may ask? It is performed out of duty for its own sake or out of bhakti which is exclusive loving devotion to Lord Krishna or any of His authorised avatars or incarnations and expansions as revealed in Vedic scriptures.

Brahma Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

There is no commentary to Chapter 17, verse 12 by Madhvacarya.

Shri Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

Lord Krishna explains the three fold nature of yagna or performing rituals of propitiation and worship. He begins with sattva guna the mode of goodness. The words aphala-akariksibhih means performing yagna to the Supreme Lord without a desire for any reward. Vidhi-distah means performing it in accordance with the ordinances and injunctions of the Vedic scriptures. Yastavyam eveti means performed as a matter of duty or as bhakti exclusive loving devotion unto the Supreme Lord Krishna or any of His authorised avatars or incarnations and expansions as revealed in Vedic scriptures. Such yagnas must be performed by duly initiated Vaisnavas and brahmanas chanting prescribed Vedic mantras for the exclusive satisfaction of the Supreme Lord. When such a resolve manifests a yagna into reality in this manner it is to be known as situated in sattva guna.

Kumara Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

Lord Krishna explains the three fold nature of yagna or performing rituals of propitiation and worship. He begins with sattva guna the mode of goodness. The words aphala-akariksibhih means performing yagna to the Supreme Lord without a desire for any reward. Vidhi-distah means performing it in accordance with the ordinances and injunctions of the Vedic scriptures. Yastavyam eveti means performed as a matter of duty or as bhakti exclusive loving devotion unto the Supreme Lord Krishna or any of His authorised avatars or incarnations and expansions as revealed in Vedic scriptures. Such yagnas must be performed by duly initiated Vaisnavas and brahmanas chanting prescribed Vedic mantras for the exclusive satisfaction of the Supreme Lord. When such a resolve manifests a yagna into reality in this manner it is to be known as situated in sattva guna.

Transliteration Bhagavad Gita 17.11

Aphalaakaangkshibhiryajno vidhidrishto ya ijyate; Yashtavyameveti manah samaadhaaya sa saattwikah.

Word Meanings Bhagavad Gita 17.11

aphala-ākāṅkṣhibhiḥ—without expectation of any reward; yajñaḥ—sacrifice; vidhi-driṣhṭaḥ—that is in accordance with the scriptural injunctions; yaḥ—which; ijyate—is performed; yaṣhṭavyam-eva-iti—ought to be offered; manaḥ—mind; samādhāya—with conviction; saḥ—that; sāttvikaḥ—of the nature of goodness