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Bhagavad Gita Chapter 16 Verse 4

भगवद् गीता अध्याय 16 श्लोक 4

दम्भो दर्पोऽभिमानश्च क्रोधः पारुष्यमेव च।
अज्ञानं चाभिजातस्य पार्थ सम्पदमासुरीम्।।16.4।।

हिंदी अनुवाद - स्वामी रामसुख दास जी ( भगवद् गीता 16.4)

।।16.4।।हे पृथानन्दन दम्भ करना? घमण्ड करना? अभिमान करना? क्रोध करना? कठोरता रखना और अविवेकका होना भी -- ये सभी आसुरीसम्पदाको प्राप्त हुए मनुष्यके लक्षण हैं।

Rudra Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

Now the six properties of the demoniac nature are concisely given here by Lord Krishna. Dambha is ostentation which arises from belief in the sanctimony of perverting religion. Darpha is pride due to erroneous conceptions of what is privileged birth. Abhimanah is arrogance which is conceit and vanity due to material delusions of education, position and wealth. Parusyam is harshness and cruelty devoid of mercy. Krodha is anger exemplified by total lack of control of the mind due to frustrated greed and lust. Ajnanam is ignorance and the absence of knowledge in discriminating what is eternal and what is temporary, what is righteous and what is unrighteous. All the demoniac properties are accompanied by fiendishness which is also a component of the demoniac and exists in those born in the demoniac nature.

Brahma Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

Lord Krishna gives the six demerits that are part of the demoniac nature and are formidable obstacles obstructing all progress in spiritual advancement. The word damah or ostentatious denotes hypocrisy, mendacity and lack of religiosity. Darpah is pride erroneously exuding from intoxication of position, wealth and power. The word krodah means anger resulting from frustration causing animosity and the impetus to injure and harm others by parusyam or cruelty and harshness without any mercy. This is a defect especially found in sovereigns and rulers due to abhimanh or extreme egotism in the illusion that they are the most powerful and worshipable instead of the Supreme Lord. Thus their mentality being deluded is ajnanam or ignorance, void of actual knowledge and destitute in discrimination of what is eternal and what is temporary.

Shri Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

Now Lord Krishna discloses the six properties predominating the demoniac nature. dambah is ostentation or a charade of pretentious actions perverting religion. darpa is pride or the unnatural proclivity for excess experiencing sense objects. abhimanah is arrogance or egotism concerning ones self interest and importance krodah is anger which arises when greed and lust is impeded and frustrated. parusyam is belligerence or spurious indignation towards what is righteous. ajananam is ignorance and lack of discrimination of the eternal and the temporal. Those born in the demoniac nature act contrary to all that is righteous and fiendishly oppose the ordinances and injunctions of the Vedic scriptures beneficial for all creation.

Kumara Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

Now Lord Krishna discloses the six properties predominating the demoniac nature. dambah is ostentation or a charade of pretentious actions perverting religion. darpa is pride or the unnatural proclivity for excess experiencing sense objects. abhimanah is arrogance or egotism concerning ones self interest and importance krodah is anger which arises when greed and lust is impeded and frustrated. parusyam is belligerence or spurious indignation towards what is righteous. ajananam is ignorance and lack of discrimination of the eternal and the temporal. Those born in the demoniac nature act contrary to all that is righteous and fiendishly oppose the ordinances and injunctions of the Vedic scriptures beneficial for all creation.