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⮪ BG 16.19 Bhagwad Gita Sanskrit Translation BG 16.21⮫

Bhagavad Gita Chapter 16 Verse 20

भगवद् गीता अध्याय 16 श्लोक 20

असुरीं योनिमापन्ना मूढा जन्मनि जन्मनि।
मामप्राप्यैव कौन्तेय ततो यान्त्यधमां गतिम्।।16.20।।

हिंदी अनुवाद - स्वामी रामसुख दास जी ( भगवद् गीता 16.20)

।।16.20।।हे कुन्तीनन्दन वे मूढ मनुष्य मेरेको प्राप्त न करके ही जन्मजन्मान्तरमें आसुरी योनिको प्राप्त होते हैं? फिर उससे भी अधिक अधम गतिमें अर्थात् भयङ्कर नरकोंमें चले जाते हैं।

English Translation of Sanskrit Commentary By Sri Shankaracharya's

16.20 Apannah, being born, having acired; (births) asurim, among the demoniacal; yonim, species; janmani janmani, in births after births; the mudhah, fools, non-discriminating ones; being born in every birth into species in which tamas prevails, and going downwards, aprapya eva, without ever reaching, approaching; mam, Me, who am God; O son of Kunti, yanti, they attain; gatim, conditions; tatah adhamam, lower even than that. Since there is not the least possibility of attaining Me, what is implied by saying, without ever reachin Me, is, by not attaining the virtuous path enjoined by Me. This is being stated as a summary of all the demoniacal alities. The triplet-under which are comprehended all the different demoniacal alities though they are infinite in number, (and) by the avoidance of which (three) they (all the demaniacal alities) become rejected, and which is the root of all evils- is being stated:

English Translation of Commentary - Dr. S. Sankaranarayan

16.17-20 Atmasambhavitah etc. upto gatim. They pretend to perform sacrifices : The meaning is that their sacrifice is fruitless. Indeed all is ruined because of their anger. Or, namayjna [may mean] the sacrifices which are in name only. Or, it [may denote] those sacrifices that are performed for ones name sake i.e., for ones reputation, because of which one gets the appellation as He is performer of [such and such] sacrifices These sacrifices, performed out of hypocricy alone, do not , however fetch any fruit. Becasue these persons are rugged with anger etc., they hate people and by that they hate Me only [in fact]. For, I, the Vasudeva (the Universal Soul), dwell every-where. Entertaining hatred towards their own Soul, they perform action, that is hostile to themselves, and responsible for their own fall into the hells. These persons I hurl into nothing but the demoniac wombs.

English Translation of Ramanuja's Sanskrit Commentary

16.20 These deluded men, viz., those entertaining perverse knowledge about Me, attain repeatedly births that tend them to be antagonistic to Me. Never attaining Me, viz., never arriving at the knowledge that Vasudeva, the Lord and the ruler of all, truly exists, they go farther and farther down, from that birth, to the lowest level. Sri Krsna proceeds to explain the root-cause of the ruin to the self of demoniac nature:

Transliteration Bhagavad Gita 16.20

Aasureem yonimaapannaa moodhaa janmani janmani; Maamapraapyaiva kaunteya tato yaantyadhamaam gatim.

Word Meanings Bhagavad Gita 16.20

tān—these; aham—I; dviṣhataḥ—hateful; krūrān—cruel; sansāreṣhu—in the material world; nara-adhamān—the vile and vicious of humankind; kṣhipāmi—I hurl; ajasram—again and again; aśhubhān—inauspicious; āsurīṣhu—demoniac; eva—indeed; yoniṣhu—in to the wombs; āsurīm—demoniac; yonim—wombs; āpannāḥ—gaining; mūḍhāḥ—the ignorant; janmani janmani—in birth after birth; mām—me; aprāpya—failing to reach; eva—even; kaunteya—Arjun, the son of Kunti; tataḥ—thereafter; yānti—go; adhamām—abominable; gatim—destination