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Bhagavad Gita Chapter 14 Verse 15

भगवद् गीता अध्याय 14 श्लोक 15

रजसि प्रलयं गत्वा कर्मसङ्गिषु जायते।
तथा प्रलीनस्तमसि मूढयोनिषु जायते।।14.15।।

हिंदी अनुवाद - स्वामी रामसुख दास जी ( भगवद् गीता 14.15)

।।14.15।।रजोगुणके बढ़नेपर मरनेवाला प्राणी मनुष्ययोनिमें जन्म लेता है तथा तमोगुणके बढ़नेपर मरनेवाला मूढ़योनियोंमें जन्म लेता है।

English Translation of Sanskrit Commentary By Sri Shankaracharya's

14.15 Pralayam gatva, when one does; rajasi, while the ality of rajas predominates; jayate, he is born; karma-sangisu, among people attached to activity, among human beings having attachment to work. Tatha, similarly, in that very way; pralinah, when one dies; tamasi, while tamas predominates; jayate, he takes birth; mudha-yonisu, among the stupid species, such as animals etc. A summary of the idea of the preceding (three) verses is being stated:

English Translation of Commentary - Dr. S. Sankaranarayan

14.14-15 Yada etc. Rajasi etc. When the Sattva is predominantly on the increase on account of increase on account on account of incessantly practising actions of the Sattva throughout the entire life-at that [time] having met dissolution [of body], one attains the auspicious worlds. Likewise whosoever has practised throughout his life the activities of the Rajas, he, by his [last] journey attains manhood for mixed enjoyment. Likewise : i.e. in the same order, if one practises action of the Tamas alone by ones entire life, then [on his death] he is rorn in the bodies of the hell, of the animals, of the trees and so on. Those, who explain [the passage under study to the effect] : These results [are for him in whom] the Sattva etc., have predominantly increased only at the time of death - these commentators have not correctly entered into (grasped) the behaviour of the embodied. For, nothing but delusion arises, by all means at the last moment, without exception in the case of one and all. However, with regard to our explanation [given above] these passages and other verses (Ch. VIII, 5ff) speak in one voice.

English Translation of Ramanuja's Sanskrit Commentary

14.15 (a) Meeting with death when Rajas is preponderant, one is rorn in the families of those who act for the sake of fruits for themselves. Being rorn in such families, he becomes alified to perform auspicious acts which constitute the way for attaining heaven and the like. (b) Similarly, one who dies when Tamas is preponderant is born in the wombs of beings lacking in intelligence, namely, in the wombs of dogs, pigs etc. The meaning is that he is rorn as one incapable of realising any human end.

Transliteration Bhagavad Gita 14.15

Rajasi pralayam gatwaa karmasangishu jaayate; Tathaa praleenastamasi moodhayonishu jaayate.

Word Meanings Bhagavad Gita 14.15

yadā—when; sattve—in the mode of goodness; pravṛiddhe—when premodinates; tu—indeed; pralayam—death; yāti—reach; deha-bhṛit—the embodied; tadā—then; uttama-vidām—of the learned; lokān—abodes; amalān—pure; pratipadyate—attains; rajasi—in the mode of passion; pralayam—death; gatvā—attaining; karma-saṅgiṣhu—among people driven by work; jāyate—are born; tathā—likewise; pralīnaḥ—dying; tamasi—in the mode of ignorance; mūḍha-yoniṣhu—in the animal kingdom; jāyate—takes birth