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⮪ BG 14.12 Bhagwad Gita Ramanuja BG 14.14⮫

Bhagavad Gita Chapter 14 Verse 13

भगवद् गीता अध्याय 14 श्लोक 13

अप्रकाशोऽप्रवृत्तिश्च प्रमादो मोह एव च।
तमस्येतानि जायन्ते विवृद्धे कुरुनन्दन।।14.13।।

English Translation - Swami Gambirananda

14.13 O descendant of the Kuru dynasty, when tamas predominates these surely [i.e. without exception.-M.S.] come into being: non-discrimination and inactivity, inadvertence and delusion.

English Translation of Ramanuja's Sanskrit Commentary

14.13 Non-illumination is the absence of knowledge. Inactivity is immovableness. Negligence is inadvertence resulting in works that should not be done. Delusion is wrong knowledge. These arise when Tamas waxes strong. By these, one should know that the Tamas has increased very much.

Transliteration Bhagavad Gita 14.13

Aprakaasho’pravrittishcha pramaado moha eva cha; Tamasyetaani jaayante vivriddhe kurunandana.

Word Meanings Bhagavad Gita 14.13

sarva—all; dvāreṣhu—through the gates; dehe—body; asmin—in this; prakāśhaḥ—illumination; upajāyate—manifest; jñānam—knowledge; yadā—when; tadā—then; vidyāt—know; vivṛiddham—predominates; sattvam—mode of goodness; iti—thus; uta—certainly; lobhaḥ—greed; pravṛittiḥ—activity; ārambhaḥ—exertion; karmaṇām—for fruitive actions; aśhamaḥ—restlessness; spṛihā—craving; rajasi—of the mode of passion; etāni—these; jāyante—develop; vivṛiddhe—when predominates; bharata-ṛiṣhabha—the best of the Bharatas, Arjun; aprakāśhaḥ—nescience; apravṛittiḥ—inertia; cha—and; pramādaḥ—negligence; mohaḥ—delusion; eva—indeed; cha—also; tamasi—mode of ignorance; etāni—these; jāyante—manifest; vivṛiddhe—when dominates; kuru-nandana—the joy of the Kurus, Arjun