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Bhagavad Gita Chapter 13 Verse 32

भगवद् गीता अध्याय 13 श्लोक 32

शरीरस्थोऽपि कौन्तेय न करोति न लिप्यते।।13.32।।

English Translation - Swami Gambirananda

13.32 Being without beginning and without alities, O son of Kunti, this immutable, supreme Self does not act. nor is It affected [Also translated as tainted.-Tr.], although existing in the body.

English Translation of Ramanuja's Sanskrit Commentary

13.32 This supreme self (Atman) has been defined as having a nature different from that of the body. While existing in the body, It is immutable, i.e., It is not liable to decay as It is without a beginning, i.e., never created at any point of time. Because It is free from Gunas, being devoid of Sattva and other Gunas of Prakrti, It neither acts nor gets tainted; It is not tainted by the alities of the body. Granted that the self being without Gunas, does not act; but how is it possible that the Atman is not tainted by Its constant association with the alities of the body? To this, Sri Krsna replies:

Transliteration Bhagavad Gita 13.32

Anaaditwaan nirgunatwaat paramaatmaayam avyayah; Shareerastho’pi kaunteya na karoti na lipyate.

Word Meanings Bhagavad Gita 13.32

anāditvāt—being without beginning; nirguṇatvāt—being devoid of any material qualities; parama—the Supreme; ātmā—soul; ayam—this; avyayaḥ—imperishable; śharīra-sthaḥ—dwelling in the body; api—although; kaunteya—Arjun, the the son of Kunti; na—neither; karoti—acts; na—nor; lipyate—is tainted