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Bhagavad Gita Chapter 13 Verse 16

भगवद् गीता अध्याय 13 श्लोक 16

बहिरन्तश्च भूतानामचरं चरमेव च।
सूक्ष्मत्वात्तदविज्ञेयं दूरस्थं चान्तिके च तत्।।13.16।।

हिंदी अनुवाद - स्वामी रामसुख दास जी ( भगवद् गीता 13.16)

।।13.16।।वे परमात्मा सम्पूर्ण प्राणियोंके बाहरभीतर परिपूर्ण हैं और चरअचर प्राणियोंके रूपमें भी वे ही हैं एवं दूरसेदूर तथा नजदीकसेनजदीक भी वे ही हैं। वे अत्यन्त सूक्ष्म होनेसे जाननेका विषय नहीं हैं।

English Translation of Sanskrit Commentary By Sri Shankaracharya's

13.16 Existing, bahih, outside- the word bahih is used with reference to the body including the skin, which is misconceived through ignorance to be the Self, and which is itself taken as the boundary. Similarly, the word antah, inside, is used with reference to the indwelling Self, making the body itself as the boundary. When outside and inside are used, there may arise the contingency of the nonexistence of That in the middle. Hence this is said: acaram caram eva ca, moving as well as not moving-even that which appears as the body, moving or not moving, is nothing but the Knowable, in the same way as the appearance of a snake on a rope (is nothing but the rope). In all empirical things, moving as also non-moving, be the Knowable, why should It not be known by all as such? In answer it is said: It is true that It shines through everything; still it is subtle like space. Therefore, although It is the Knowable, tat, It; is avijneyam, incomprehensible to the ignorant people; suksmatvat, due to Its intrinsic subtleness. But to the enlightened It is ever known from the valid means of knowledge such as (the texts), All this is verily the Self (Ch. 7.25.2), Brahman alone is all this (Nr. Ut.7), etc. It is durastham, far away, since, to the unenlightened, It is unattainable even in millions of years. And tat, That; is antike, near, since It is the Self of the enlightened.

English Translation of Commentary - Dr. S. Sankaranarayan

13.16 See Comment under 13.18

English Translation of Ramanuja's Sanskrit Commentary

13.16 Abandoning the elements like earth etc., It can exist outside the body. It can exist within them while performing spontaneous activities as established in the Srutis: Eating, playing, enjoying with partners or with vehicles (Cha. U., 8.12.3). It is unmoving and yet moving - it is by nature, unmoving, It is moving when It has a body. It is so subtle that none can comprehend It. Although existing in a body, this principle, possessed of all powers and omniscient, cannot be comprehended by bound ones because of Its subtlety and Its distinctiveness from the body. It is far away and yet It is very near - though present in ones own body, It is far away from those who are devoid of modesty and other alities (mentioned above) as also to those who possess contrary alities. To those who possess modesty and such other alities, the same self is very near.

Transliteration Bhagavad Gita 13.16

Bahirantashcha bhootaanaam acharam charameva cha; Sookshmatwaat tadavijneyam doorastham chaantike cha tat.

Word Meanings Bhagavad Gita 13.16

bahiḥ—outside; antaḥ—inside; cha—and; bhūtānām—all living beings; acharam—not moving; charam—moving; eva—indeed; cha—and; sūkṣhmatvāt—due to subtlety; tat—he; avijñeyam—incomprehensible; dūra-stham—very far away; cha—and; antike—very near; cha—also; tat—He