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⮪ BG 12.18 Bhagwad Gita Sanskrit Translation BG 12.20⮫

Bhagavad Gita Chapter 12 Verse 19

भगवद् गीता अध्याय 12 श्लोक 19

तुल्यनिन्दास्तुतिर्मौनी सन्तुष्टो येनकेनचित्।
अनिकेतः स्थिरमतिर्भक्ितमान्मे प्रियो नरः।।12.19।।

हिंदी अनुवाद - स्वामी रामसुख दास जी ( भगवद् गीता 12.19)

।।12.19।।जो शत्रु और मित्रमें तथा मानअपमानमें सम है और शीतउष्ण (अनुकूलताप्रतिकूलता) तथा सुखदुःखमें सम है एवं आसक्तिसे रहित है? और जो निन्दास्तुतिको समान समझनेवाला? मननशील? जिसकिसी प्रकारसे भी (शरीरका निर्वाह होनेमें) संतुष्ट? रहनेके स्थान तथा शरीरमें ममताआसक्तिसे रहित और स्थिर बुद्धिवाला है? वह भक्तिमान् मनुष्य मुझे प्रिय है।

English Translation of Sanskrit Commentary By Sri Shankaracharya's

12.19 Narah, the person; tulya-ninda-stutih, to whom denunciation and praise are the same; mauni, who is silent, restrained in speech; santustah, content; yena-kenacit, with anything-for the mere maintenance of the body, as has been said in, The gods know him to be a Brahmana who is clad by anyone whosoever (Mbh. Sa. 245.12); further, aniketah, he who is homeless, who has no fixed place of residence-without a home [ The whole verse is He,however is certainly the knower of Liberation who has attachment neither for a hut, nor for water, nor cloth, nor the three places of pilgrimage, nor a home, nor a seat, nor food.], as said in another Smrti; sthira-matih, steady-minded, whose thought is steady with regard to the Reality which is the supreme Goal; and bhaktiman, who is full of devotion-(he) is dear to Me. [There is a repeated mention of Bhakti in this Chapter because it is means to the Knowledge which leads to the supreme Goal.] The group of alities of the monks who meditate on the Immutable, who have renounced all desires, who are steadfast in the knowledge of the supreme Goal-which (alities) are under discussion beginning from He who is not hateful towards any creature (13), is being concluded:

English Translation of Commentary - Dr. S. Sankaranarayan

12.19 See Comment under 12.20

English Translation of Ramanuja's Sanskrit Commentary

12.18 - 12.19 The absence of hate etc., towards foes, friends etc., has already been taught in the stanza beginning with, He who never hates any being (11.13). What is now taught is that eanimity to be practised even when such persons mentioned above are present before one who is superior to those having a general eanimous temperament referred to earlier. Who has no home, namely, who is not attached to home, etc., as he possesses firmness of mind with regard to the self. Because of this, he is same even in honour and dishonour. He who is devoted to Me and who is like this - he is dear to Me. Showing the superiority of Bhakti-Nistha over Atma-nistha, Sri Krsna now concludes in accordance with what is stated at the beginning of this chapter in Verse 2.

Transliteration Bhagavad Gita 12.19

Tulyanindaastutirmaunee santushto yena kenachit; Aniketah sthiramatir bhaktimaan me priyo narah.

Word Meanings Bhagavad Gita 12.19

samaḥ—alike; śhatrau—to a foe; cha—and; mitre—to a friend; cha tathā—as well as; māna-apamānayoḥ—in honor and dishonor; śhīta-uṣhṇa—in cold and heat; sukha-duḥkheṣhu—in joy and sorrow; samaḥ—equipoised; saṅga-vivarjitaḥ—free from all unfavorable association; tulya—alike; nindā-stutiḥ—reproach and praise; maunī—silent contemplation; santuṣhṭaḥ—contented; yena kenachit—with anything; aniketaḥ—without attachment to the place of residence; sthira—firmly fixed; matiḥ—intellect; bhakti-mān—full of devotion; me—to Me; priyaḥ—very dear; naraḥ—a person