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⮪ BG 12.12 Bhagwad Gita Sanskrit Translation BG 12.14⮫

Bhagavad Gita Chapter 12 Verse 13

भगवद् गीता अध्याय 12 श्लोक 13

अद्वेष्टा सर्वभूतानां मैत्रः करुण एव च।
निर्ममो निरहङ्कारः समदुःखसुखः क्षमी।।12.13।।

हिंदी अनुवाद - स्वामी रामसुख दास जी ( भगवद् गीता 12.13)

।।12.13।।सब प्राणियोंमें द्वेषभावसे रहित? सबका मित्र (प्रेमी) और दयालु? ममतारहित? अहंकाररहित? सुखदुःखकी प्राप्तिमें सम? क्षमाशील? निरन्तर सन्तुष्ट? योगी? शरीरको वशमें किये हुए? दृढ़ निश्चयवाला? मेरेमें अर्पित मनबुद्धिवाला जो मेरा भक्त है? वह मेरेको प्रिय है।

English Translation of Sanskrit Commentary By Sri Shankaracharya's

12.13 Advesta, he who is not hateful; sarva-bhutanam, towards any creature: He does not feel repulsion for anything, even for what may be the cause of sorrow to himself, for he sees all beings as his own Self. Maitrah, he who is friendly-behaving like a friend; karunah eva ca, and compassionate: karuna is kindness, compassion towards sorrow-stricken creatures; one possessing that is karunah, i.e. a monk, who grants safety to all creatures. Nirmamah, he who has no idea of mine; nirahankarah, who has no idea of egoism; sama-duhkha-sukhah, who is the same under sorrow and happiness, he in whom sorrow and happiness do not arouse any repulsion or attraction; ksami, who is forgiving, who remains unperturbed even when abused or assaulted;

English Translation of Commentary - Dr. S. Sankaranarayan

12.13 See Comment under 12.14

English Translation of Ramanuja's Sanskrit Commentary

12.13 - 12.14 In these and succeeding verses the Lord mentions the nature of the Karma Yogi who adores Him through his works. In other words the Bhakti element in Karma Yoga is emphasised. He never hates any being even though they hate him and do him wrong. For he thinks that the Lord impels these beings to hate him and do him wrong for atoning for his transgressions. He is friendly, evincing a friendly disposition towards all beings whether they hate him or do him wrong. He is compassionate, evincing compassion towards their sufferings. He is free from the feeling of mine, i.e., he is not possessive with regard to his body, senses and all things associated with them. He is free from the feeling of I, i.e., is free from the delusion that his body is the self. Therefore, pain and pleasure are the same to him, i.e., he is free from distress and delight resulting from pain and pleasure arising from his deeds. He is enduring, unaffected even by those two (i.e., pleasure and pain) due to the inevitable contact of sense-objects. He is content, namely, satisfied with whatever chance may bring him for the sustenance of his body. He ever meditates, i.e., is constantly intent on contemplating on the self as separate from the body. He is self-restrained, namely, he controls the activities of his mind. He is of firm conviction regarding the meanings taught in the science of the self. His mind and reason are dedicated to Me i.e., his mind and reason are dedicated to Me in the form Bhagavan Vasudeva alone is propitiated by disinterested activities, and when duly propitiated, He wil bring about for me the direct vision of the self. Such a devotee of mine, i.e., who works in this manner as a Karma Yogin, is dear to Me.

Transliteration Bhagavad Gita 12.13

Adweshtaa sarvabhootaanaam maitrah karuna eva cha; Nirmamo nirahankaarah samaduhkhasukhah kshamee.

Word Meanings Bhagavad Gita 12.13

adveṣhṭā—free from malice; sarva-bhūtānām—toward all living beings; maitraḥ—friendly; karuṇaḥ—compassionate; eva—indeed; cha—and; nirmamaḥ—free from attachment to possession; nirahankāraḥ—free from egoism; sama—equipoised; duḥkha—distress; sukhaḥ—happiness; kṣhamī—forgiving; santuṣhṭaḥ—contented; satatam—steadily; yogī—united in devotion; yata-ātmā—self-controlled; dṛiḍha-niśhchayaḥ—firm in conviction; mayi—to me; arpita—dedicated; manaḥ—mind; buddhiḥ—intellect; yaḥ—who; mat-bhaktaḥ—My devotees; saḥ—they; me—to Me; priyaḥ—very dear