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Bhagavad Gita Chapter 11 Verse 42

भगवद् गीता अध्याय 11 श्लोक 42

यच्चावहासार्थमसत्कृतोऽसि
विहारशय्यासनभोजनेषु।
एकोऽथवाप्यच्युत तत्समक्षं
तत्क्षामये त्वामहमप्रमेयम्।।11.42।।

English Translation - Swami Gambirananda

11.42 And that You have been discourteously treated out of fun-while walking, while on a bed, while on a seat, while eating, in privacy, or, O Acyuta, even in public, for that I beg pardon of You, the incomprehensible One.

English Translation - Swami Sivananda

11.42 In whatever way I may have insulted Thee for the sake of fun, while at play, reposing, sitting or at meals, when alone (with Thee), O Krishna, or in company that I implore Thee, immeasurable one, to forgive.

English Translation - Dr. S. Sankaranarayan

11.42. Whatever disrespect was shown by me to You, to make fun of You in the course of play, or while on the bed, or on the seat, or at meals, either alone, or in the presence of repectable persons - for that I beg pardon of You, the Unconceivable One, O Acyuta !

English Commentary - Swami Sivananda

11.42 यत् whatever? च and? अवहासार्थम् for the sake of fun? असत्कृतः disrespected? असि (Thou) art? विहारशय्यासनभोजनेषु while at play? on bed? while sitting or at meals? एकः (when) one? अथवा or? अपि even? अच्युत O Krishna? तत् so? समक्षम् in company? तत् that? क्षामये implore to forgive? त्वाम् Thee? अहम् I? अप्रमेयम् immeasurable.Commentary Arjuna? beholding the Cosmic Form of Lord Krishna? seeks forgiveness for his past familiar conduct. He says? I have been stupid. I have treated Thee with familiarity? not knowing Thy greatness. I have taken Thee as my friend on account of misconception. I have behaved badly with Thee. Thou art the origin of this universe and yet I have joked with Thee. I have taken undue liberties with Thee. Kindly forgive me? O Lord.Tat All those offences.Achyuta He who is unchanging.In company In the presence of others.Aprameyam Immeasurable. He Who has unthinkable glory and splendour.

English Translation of Sanskrit Commentary By Sri Shankaracharya's

11.42 And, yat, that; asi, You have been; asatkrtah, discourteously treated, slighted; avahasa-artham, out of fun, with a veiw to mocking;-where?-in these, Acyuta, viz vihara-sayya-asana-bhojanesu, while walking [Walking, i.e. sports or exercise], while on a bed, while on a seat, and while eating;-that You have been insulted ekah, in privacy, in the absence of others; adhava, or; that You have been insulted api, even; tat-samaksam, in public, in the very presence of others-(-tat being used as an adverb); tat, for that, for all those offences; O Acyuta, aham, I; ksamaye, beg pardon; tvam, of You; aprameyam, the incomprehensible One, who are beyond the means of knowledge. (I beg Your pardon) because,

English Translation of Commentary - Dr. S. Sankaranarayan

11.42 Sri Abhinavagupta did not comment upon this sloka.

English Translation of Ramanuja's Sanskrit Commentary

11.41 - 11.42 Infinite power, boundless valour, being the Inner Self of everything, being the creator etc., these constitute Your majesty. Being ignorant of this, and considering You only as a friend, and out of conseent love, or negligence born of life-long familiarity, whatever has been said rudely, without showing courtesy, such as O Krsna, O Yadava, O Comrade; and whatever disrespect has been shown to You in jest, while playing or resting, while sitting or eating, while alone or in the sight of others - for all these I beseech forgiveness of You who are in incomprehensible.

Commentary - Chakravarthi Ji

Rudra Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

Arjuna is humbly beseeching the Supreme Lord to forgive him for any impropriety he may have inadvertently made before he was aware of Lord Krishnas supreme ultimate position as the creator of all. Whatever he may have done rashly, inopportunely or accidentally he is imploring Lord Krishna for forgiveness for them all. What are these things he is referring to? Some are his words of simple address such as calling out O Krishna or not even using His name but simply calling Him O Yadava the royal clan of kings from which He appeared in. Other ways are eating before He eats, sitting before He sits, resting before He rests etc. The reason for addressing Lord Krishna inappropriately is that he was completely unaware of His impeccable greatness being ignorant of His visvarupa or divine universal form. Then Arjuna addresses Lord Krishna as Acyuta meaning infallible, whose glory is one and entreats Him that if in any way whatsoever He may have been slighted or minimised in fun or by chance in the presence of companions or just the two of them; all those unintentional offences should be kindly forgiven as well. In this way Arjuna requests the omnipotent and omniscient Supreme Lord Krishna to forgive him fully.

Brahma Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

Lord Krishna is addressed as acyuta meaning He who is infallible. The word ekah refers to Him being the one and only, the best of all beings. It also denotes the knower of all things eka eva karoti yat which means as He alone does.

Shri Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

In regard to not knowing the extent of Lord Krishnas glory, His infinite power, His immeasurable prowess, His omnipresent nature as being all pervasive, His greatness as the sole creator of all creation; Arjuna is apologising that he might have through heedlessness, or folly due to familiarity might have put himself on equal status as the Supreme Lord and out of affection and friendship might have addressed Him disrespectfully by calling Him simply as He Krishna or He sakhe O friend or He Yadava which is the name of the family clan in which He appeared. Addressing the Supreme Lord such could be taken as lacking in humility. Also on occasions of jesting and merriment while sitting, eating and resting together if any impropriety or omission of proper respect was inadvertently committed then for all these indiscretions Lord Krishna is being humbly beseeched to forgive.

Kumara Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

In regard to not knowing the extent of Lord Krishnas glory, His infinite power, His immeasurable prowess, His omnipresent nature as being all pervasive, His greatness as the sole creator of all creation; Arjuna is apologising that he might have through heedlessness, or folly due to familiarity might have put himself on equal status as the Supreme Lord and out of affection and friendship might have addressed Him disrespectfully by calling Him simply as He Krishna or He sakhe O friend or He Yadava which is the name of the family clan in which He appeared. Addressing the Supreme Lord such could be taken as lacking in humility. Also on occasions of jesting and merriment while sitting, eating and resting together if any impropriety or omission of proper respect was inadvertently committed then for all these indiscretions Lord Krishna is being humbly beseeched to forgive.

Transliteration Bhagavad Gita 11.42

Yachchaavahaasaartham asatkrito’siVihaarashayyaasanabhojaneshu; Eko’thavaapyachyuta tatsamakshamTatkshaamaye twaamaham aprameyam.

Word Meanings Bhagavad Gita 11.42

sakhā—friend; iti—as; matvā—thinking; prasabham—presumptuously; yat—whatever; uktam—addressed; he kṛiṣhṇa—O Shree Krishna; he yādava—O Shree Krishna, who was born in the Yadu clan; he sakhe—O my dear mate; iti—thus; ajānatā—in ignorance; mahimānam—majesty; tava—your; idam—this; mayā—by me; pramādāt—out of negligence; praṇayena—out of affection; vā api—or else; yat—whatever; cha—also; avahāsa-artham—humorously; asat-kṛitaḥ—disrespectfully; asi—you were; vihāra—while at play; śhayyā—while resting; āsana—while sitting; bhojaneṣhu—while eating; ekaḥ—(when) alone; athavā—or; api—even; achyuta—Krishna, the infallible one; tat-samakṣham—before others; tat—all that; kṣhāmaye—beg for forgiveness; tvām—from you; aham—I; aprameyam—immeasurable