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Bhagavad Gita Chapter 11 Verse 31

भगवद् गीता अध्याय 11 श्लोक 31

आख्याहि मे को भवानुग्ररूपो
नमोऽस्तु ते देववर प्रसीद।
विज्ञातुमिच्छामि भवन्तमाद्यं
न हि प्रजानामि तव प्रवृत्तिम्।।11.31।।

हिंदी अनुवाद - स्वामी रामसुख दास जी ( भगवद् गीता 11.31)

।।11.31।।मुझे यह बताइये कि उग्ररूपवाले आप कौन हैं हे देवताओंमें श्रेष्ठ आपको नमस्कार हो। आप प्रसन्न होइये। आदिरूप आपको मैं तत्त्वसे जानना चाहता हूँ क्योंकि मैं आपकी प्रवृत्तिको नहीं जानता।

Rudra Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

At this time a curious puzzlement overcame Arjuna and He humbly became very respectful and supplicating himself before the Supreme Lord Krishna confessed that he could not comprehend the inclination of the Supreme Lords actions and requests Him to reveal His intentions regarding His visvarupa because it was impossible to fathom.

Brahma Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

Now there is greater curiosity. An enquiry for more details is beseeched to understand further who Lord Krishna actually is. In normal existence one knows another by their attributes and how one represents themselves but one does not know them by their actual inherent nature as it is not disclosed. It is not that Arjuna did not know otherwise he would have not addressed Lord Krishna in this verse as Vishnu meaning He who is all pervasive and in previous verses as Acutya meaning He who is infallible, Keshava meaning He who controls Brahma and Shiva, Vasudeva meaning He from whom everything emanates, etc. The purpose of the query is know the special attributes inherent within the Supreme Lord Krishnas divine transcendental nature and their qualities and activities.

Shri Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

The Supreme Lord Krishna manifested His visvarupa or divine universal form of wonderful and terrible visage to exhibit His unlimited and absolute sovereign power. Now that Arjunas request of seeing the visvarupa has been granted he beseeches further to know Lord Krishnas intention and purpose for exhibiting it and he desires to know who Lord Krishna truly is apart from the visvarupa. He addresses Lord Krishna as deva-vara meaning Lord of all lords and is curious as to the reason why He exhibited to His surrendered bhakta or devotee the terrible visages with many mouths and teeth along with His wonderful form of cosmic glory. Arjuna is now desiring to see Lord Krishnas pleasing and charming, sublime humanlike form. Lord Krishna exhibited His all powerful visvarupa to show Arjuna in no uncertain terms that without any effort He will destroy all the kings and warriors that are arrayed in the Kaurava army and this does not depend at all upon Arjuna and the Pandava army. Lord Krishna is prepared to annihilate the complete Kaurava army if need be and to assert this conviction He exhibited the terrible visages of the visvarupa is to remind Arjuna of this.

Kumara Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

The Supreme Lord Krishna manifested His visvarupa or divine universal form of wonderful and terrible visage to exhibit His unlimited and absolute sovereign power. Now that Arjunas request of seeing the visvarupa has been granted he beseeches further to know Lord Krishnas intention and purpose for exhibiting it and he desires to know who Lord Krishna truly is apart from the visvarupa. He addresses Lord Krishna as deva-vara meaning Lord of all lords and is curious as to the reason why He exhibited to His surrendered bhakta or devotee the terrible visages with many mouths and teeth along with His wonderful form of cosmic glory. Arjuna is now desiring to see Lord Krishnas pleasing and charming, sublime humanlike form. Lord Krishna exhibited His all powerful visvarupa to show Arjuna in no uncertain terms that without any effort He will destroy all the kings and warriors that are arrayed in the Kaurava army and this does not depend at all upon Arjuna and the Pandava army. Lord Krishna is prepared to annihilate the complete Kaurava army if need be and to assert this conviction He exhibited the terrible visages of the visvarupa is to remind Arjuna of this.