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Bhagavad Gita Chapter 11 Verse 22

भगवद् गीता अध्याय 11 श्लोक 22

रुद्रादित्या वसवो ये च साध्या
विश्वेऽश्िवनौ मरुतश्चोष्मपाश्च।
गन्धर्वयक्षासुरसिद्धसङ्घा
वीक्षन्ते त्वां विस्मिताश्चैव सर्वे।।11.22।।

English Translation - Swami Gambirananda

11.22 Those who are the Rudras, the Adityas, the Vasus and the Sadhyas [sadhyas: A particular class of celestial beings.-V.S.A.], the Visve (-devas), the two Asvins, the Maruts and the Usmapas, and hosts of Gandharvas, Yaksas, demons and Siddhas-all of those very ones gaze at You, being indeed struck with wonder.

English Translation - Swami Sivananda

11.22 The Rudras, Adityas, Vasus, Sadhyas, Visvedevas, the two Asvins, Maruts, the manes and the hosts of celestial singers, Yakshas, demons and the perfected ones, are all looking at Thee, in great amazement.

English Translation - Dr. S. Sankaranarayan

11.22. The Rudras, the Adityas, the Vasus, the Sadhyas, the Visvas (Visvadevas), the twin Asvins and the Maruts, and the Steam-drinkers (Manes) and the hosts of the Gandharvas, the Yoksas, the demons and the perfected ones - all gaze on You and are ite amazed.

English Commentary - Swami Sivananda

11.22 रुद्रादित्याः Rudras and Adityas? वसवः Vasus? ये these? च and? साध्याः Sadhyas? विश्वे Visvedevas? अश्िवनौ the two Asvins? मरुतः Maruts? च and? उष्मपाः Pitris? च and? गन्धर्वयक्षासुरसिद्धसङ्घाः hosts of Gandharvas? Yakshas? Asuras and Siddhas? वीक्षन्ते are looking at? त्वाम् Thee? विस्मिताः astonished? च and? एव even? सर्वे all.Commentary Sadhyas are a class of gods of whom Brahma is the chief.Visvedevas are ten gods who in Vedic times were considered as protectors of human beings. They were called guardians of the world. They were givers of plenty to the human beings. Their names are Krata? Daksha? Vasu? Satya? Kama? Kala? Dhvani? Rochaka? Adrava and Pururava.The two Asvins? born of Prabha (light)? daughter of Tushta and the Sun? are the physicians of the gods.Rudras? Adityas? Vasus and Maruts -- see tenth chapter? verses 21 and 23.Ushmapa A class of manes. They accept the food offered in the Sraaddha (anniversary) ceremony or the obseies? while it is hot. Hence they are called Ushmapas. There are seven groups of manes.Gandharvas are celestial singers such as Haha and Huhu.Yakshas such as Kubera (the god of wealth) Asuras such as Virochana perfected ones such as Kapila.

English Translation of Sanskrit Commentary By Sri Shankaracharya's

11.22 Ye, those who are; the rudra-adityah, Rudras and Adityas; vasavah, the Vasus; and sadhyah, the Sadhyas-the groups of Rudras and other gods; the gods visve, Visve-devas; and asvinau, the two Asvins; marutah, the Maruts; and usmapah, the Usmapas, (a class of) manes; and gandharva-yaksa-asura-siddha-sanghah, hosts of Gandharvas-viz Haha, Huhu and others-, Yaksas-viz Kubera and others-, demons-Virocana and others-, and Siddhas-Kapila and others; sarve eva, all of those very ones; viksante, gaze; tva, (i.e.) tvam, at You; vismitah eva, being indeed struck with wonder. For,

English Translation of Commentary - Dr. S. Sankaranarayan

11.22 Sri Abhinavagupta did not comment upon this sloka.

English Translation of Ramanuja's Sanskrit Commentary

11.22 Usmapa means manes, because the Sruti declares: Verily the manes receive the hot portions of the offerings (Tai. Br., 1.3.10). All these, struck with amazement, behold You.

Commentary - Chakravarthi Ji

Usma pa refers to those who drink hot vapor of food. That refers to the pitrs. The sruti says usmabhaga hi pitarah: the pitrs eat the steam. Taittiriya Brahmana, Yajur Veda 1.3.10.6

Rudra Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

The names of various groups of demigods such as Rudras, Adityas, Vasus, Maruts, Gandharvas, etc. are all looking aghast at the terrifying splendour of Lord Krishnas visvarupa or divine universal form. The word cosmopas being those who imbibe the aroma of the food which is Vedically offered and eaten refers to the group of pitris or manes which are ones own forefathers and ancestors. The Manu Samhita III. CCXXXVII states: the pitris partake of the aroma of food as long as it is hot, as long as the guests eat silently without speaking and as long as the host has not requested to know how good the food was.

Brahma Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

Shri Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

The cosmapas equals ca and usmapah meaning the forefathers which belong to group of beings known as the pitris or the deified ancestors. The Taittirya Upanisad I.X beginning usma-bhagahi pitarah meaning the forefathers belong to the deified ancestors confirms this. Manu Samhita CCLXXXIV states that the deceased fathers are called Vasus, the deceased grandfathers are called Rudras and the deceased great-grandfathers are called Adityas.

Kumara Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

The cosmapas equals ca and usmapah meaning the forefathers which belong to group of beings known as the pitris or the deified ancestors. The Taittirya Upanisad I.X beginning usma-bhagahi pitarah meaning the forefathers belong to the deified ancestors confirms this. Manu Samhita CCLXXXIV states that the deceased fathers are called Vasus, the deceased grandfathers are called Rudras and the deceased great-grandfathers are called Adityas.

Transliteration Bhagavad Gita 11.22

Rudraadityaa vasavo ye cha saadhyaaVishwe’shvinau marutashchoshmapaashcha; GandharvayakshaasurasiddhasanghaaVeekshante twaam vismitaashchaiva sarve.

Word Meanings Bhagavad Gita 11.22

rudra—a form of Lord Shiv; ādityāḥ—the Adityas; vasavaḥ—the Vasus; ye—these; cha—and; sādhyāḥ—the Sadhyas; viśhve—the Vishvadevas; aśhvinau—the Ashvini kumars; marutaḥ—the Maruts; cha—and; uṣhma-pāḥ—the ancestors; cha—and; gandharva—Gandharvas; yakṣha—the Yakshas; asura—the demons; siddha—the perfected beings; saṅghāḥ—the assemblies; vīkṣhante—are beholding; tvām—you; vismitāḥ—in wonder; cha—and; eva—verily; sarve—all