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Bhagavad Gita Chapter 11 Verse 19

भगवद् गीता अध्याय 11 श्लोक 19

अनादिमध्यान्तमनन्तवीर्य
मनन्तबाहुं शशिसूर्यनेत्रम्।
पश्यामि त्वां दीप्तहुताशवक्त्रम्
स्वतेजसा विश्वमिदं तपन्तम्।।11.19।।

English Translation - Swami Gambirananda

11.19 I see You as without beginning, middle and end, possessed of infinite valour, having innumerable arms, having the sun and the moon as eyes, having a mouth like a blazing fire, and heating up this Universe by Your own brilliance.

English Translation - Swami Sivananda

11.19 I see Thee without beginning, middle or end, infinite in power, of endless arms, the sun and the moon being Thy eyes, the burning fire Thy mouth, heating the whole universe with Thy radiance.

English Translation - Dr. S. Sankaranarayan

11.19. I observe You having to beginning, no middle and no end; having infinite creative power, and infinite arms; as havig the moon and the sun for Your eyes, and the blazing fire for Your mouth; [and] as acorching this universe with Your rediance.

English Commentary - Swami Sivananda

11.19 अनादिमध्यान्तम् without beginning? middle or end? अनन्तवीर्यम् infinite in power? अनन्तबाहुम् of endless arms? शशिसूर्यनेत्रम् Thy eyes as the sun and the moon? पश्यामि (I) see? त्वाम् Thee? दीप्तहुताशवक्त्रम् Thy mouth as the burning fire? स्वतेजसा with Thy radiance? विश्वम् the universe? इदम् this? तपन्तम् heating.Commentary Anantabahu Having endless arms. This denotes that the multiplicity of His limbs are endless.

English Translation of Sanskrit Commentary By Sri Shankaracharya's

11.19 Pasyami, I see; tvam, You; as anadi-madhya-antam, without beginning, middle and end; ananta-viryam, possessed of infinite valour; and also ananta-bahum, having innumerable arms; sasi-surya-netram, having the sun and the moon as the eyes; dipta-hutasavakram, having a mouth like a blazing fire; tapantam, heating up; idam, this; visvam, Universe; sva-tejasa, by Your own birlliance.

English Translation of Commentary - Dr. S. Sankaranarayan

11.19 Sri Abhinavagupta did not comment upon this sloka.

English Translation of Ramanuja's Sanskrit Commentary

11.19 I behold You as without beginning, middle and end. Your might is infinite, of unsurpassed excellence. Here the term might is used for illustration. The meaning is that You are the sole repository of knowledge, strength, sovereignty, valour, power and glory, one whose excellence cannot be surpassed. Your arms are infinite, i.e., they are countless. This is also for illustration, implying that You have an infinite number of arms, stomachs, feet, mouths etc. The sun and moon are Your eyes; all Your eyes are like the moon and the sun, beaming with grace and power. The grace is directed towards the devotees like the gods who offer salutations etc., and power is directed against Asuras, Raksasas etc., who are opposed to these. For it will be said later on: The Raksasas flee on all sides in fear, and all the hosts of Siddhas bow down to You (11.36). Your mouth is emitting fire, namely, the fire appropriate for destroying all things, as the Fire of Time consumes the world at the time of dissolution. With Your own radiance You are warming the universe. By radiance (Tejas) is meant the poweer to vanish others. I behold You warming (or governing) the universe with Your own radiance. The meaning is this: I directly realise You as taught before as the Creator of all, as the supporter of everything, as the sovereign over everything, as the destroyer of everything, as the ocean of knowledge and other infinite attributes, as without beginning, middle and end, and as possessing a divine body of this nature. How, in one divine body, can there be many stomachs etc.? This is possible in the following way: From a hip of infinite extent, stomachs etc., as described, branc off upwards. The divine feet etc., branch off downwards. So there is no contradiction in attributing a pair of eyes for each face. On perceiving You to be thus, the gods etc., and myself, have become frightened - says Arjuna in the following words:

Commentary - Chakravarthi Ji

With words like anadi, Arjuna seems to repeat himself. Do not find fault however with the repetition in the words of Arjuna, who was submerged in the ocean of the rasa of great astonishment (maha vismaya rasa). It is said: prasade vismaye harse dvi-trir-uktam na dusyati: repetition of statements two or three times due to joy, astonishment or kindness is not a fault.

Rudra Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

Now Lord Krishnas visvarupa or divine universal form is precisely perceived as non-different from Him being without beginning or birth, of infinite potency and power, having the sun and the moon for eyes and with blazing fires erupting from His unlimited mouths, illuminating as well as scorching the creation with its fiery radiance.

Brahma Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

In reference to Lord Krishnas visvarupa or divine universal form having His eyes being the sun and moon. It should be understood as both the sun and the moon which originate from Him. Then this is in accordance with the Rig Veda that states: Since all the 330 million demigods have been produced from just a portion of the Supreme Lord they are glorified as His individual parts. Also other Vedic scriptures have stated: From the mind the moon was created and from the eyes the sun was created. In consideration of the infinite number of forms within it that can be seen it is appropriate to say that all these infinite forms have their refuge in the visvarupa.

Shri Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

Lord Krishnas visvarupa or divine universal form is infinite being devoid of beginning, middle or end. The word ananta means unlimited and viryam means powerful so the visvarupa is unlimitedly powerful without any restrictions. Other qualities are also implied by ananta such as cognizance, dominion, might, strength, etc. The words ananta-bahum meaning unlimited arms also infers unlimited hands, chests, legs, feet, etc as well. Sasi-surya-netram means eyes like the sun and moon. The moons rays denote the cool gentle beaming look that gladdens as it shines upon the Supreme Lords servitors the demigods and His votaries the devotees with compasssion. The suns glowing rays denotes the hot, burning eye that scorches the inimical hosts of asuras or demons and raksasas or devils who are devoid of righteousness to others. Dipta-hutasa-vaktram meaning with fire emitting from their mouths denotes the fire of universal destruction contained within the bosom of time raged therein. Sva-tejasi means dazzling splendour and unprecedented radiance which illuminated everything around it. This glorious life giving energy flows unrestrictedly throughout all the universes. Arjuna is explaining that he has seen the reality of the visvarupa according to the manner in which Lord Krishna deigned to teach him by exhibiting the visvarupa in before him and practically demonstrating that He is the complete creator, the complete sustainer, the total refuge of all and the absloute destroyer as well as being the receptacle for all divine qualities and transcendental attributes such as omniscience, omnipotence and omni-presence. The question may arise as to how is it possible for unlimited bodily parts to be functioning all in one body. The answer to this would be that one can imagine a single bodily midsection of vast proportions with unlimited chests, arms, hands necks and heads branching upwards from it in every direction and with every head having two eyes, two ears, a nose and a mouth. Also branching downwards in every direction it is possible to imagine unlimited legs and feet as well. So this conception is clearly not an impossibility and seeing it along with choice demigods and exalted liberated beings they were all inspired with awe and reverence.

Kumara Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

Lord Krishnas visvarupa or divine universal form is infinite being devoid of beginning, middle or end. The word ananta means unlimited and viryam means powerful so the visvarupa is unlimitedly powerful without any restrictions. Other qualities are also implied by ananta such as cognizance, dominion, might, strength, etc. The words ananta-bahum meaning unlimited arms also infers unlimited hands, chests, legs, feet, etc as well. Sasi-surya-netram means eyes like the sun and moon. The moons rays denote the cool gentle beaming look that gladdens as it shines upon the Supreme Lords servitors the demigods and His votaries the devotees with compasssion. The suns glowing rays denotes the hot, burning eye that scorches the inimical hosts of asuras or demons and raksasas or devils who are devoid of righteousness to others. Dipta-hutasa-vaktram meaning with fire emitting from their mouths denotes the fire of universal destruction contained within the bosom of time raged therein. Sva-tejasi means dazzling splendour and unprecedented radiance which illuminated everything around it. This glorious life giving energy flows unrestrictedly throughout all the universes. Arjuna is explaining that he has seen the reality of the visvarupa according to the manner in which Lord Krishna deigned to teach him by exhibiting the visvarupa in before him and practically demonstrating that He is the complete creator, the complete sustainer, the total refuge of all and the absloute destroyer as well as being the receptacle for all divine qualities and transcendental attributes such as omniscience, omnipotence and omni-presence. The question may arise as to how is it possible for unlimited bodily parts to be functioning all in one body. The answer to this would be that one can imagine a single bodily midsection of vast proportions with unlimited chests, arms, hands necks and heads branching upwards from it in every direction and with every head having two eyes, two ears, a nose and a mouth. Also branching downwards in every direction it is possible to imagine unlimited legs and feet as well. So this conception is clearly not an impossibility and seeing it along with choice demigods and exalted liberated beings they were all inspired with awe and reverence.

Transliteration Bhagavad Gita 11.19

AnaadimadhyaantamanantaveeryamAnantabaahum shashisooryanetram; Pashyaami twaam deeptahutaashavaktramSwatejasaa vishwamidam tapantam.

Word Meanings Bhagavad Gita 11.19

anādi-madhya-antam—without beginning, middle, or end; ananta—infinite; vīryam—power; ananta—unlimited; bāhum—arms; śhaśhi—the moon; sūrya—the sun; netram—eyes; paśhyāmi—I see; tvām—you; dīpta—blazing; hutāśha—emanating from; vaktram—your mouth; sva-tejasā—by your radiance; viśhwam—universe; idam—this; tapantam—warming