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⮪ BG 11.10 Bhagwad Gita English BG 11.12⮫

Bhagavad Gita Chapter 11 Verse 11

भगवद् गीता अध्याय 11 श्लोक 11

दिव्यमाल्याम्बरधरं दिव्यगन्धानुलेपनम्।
सर्वाश्चर्यमयं देवमनन्तं विश्वतोमुखम्।।11.11।।

English Translation - Swami Gambirananda

11.11 Wearing heavenly garlands and apparel, anointed with heavenly scents, abounding in all kinds of wonder, resplendent, infinite, and with faces everywhere.

English Translation - Swami Sivananda

11.11 Wearing divine garlands (necklaces) and apparel, anointed with divine unguents, the all-wonderful, resplendent (Being) endless with faces on all sides.

English Translation - Dr. S. Sankaranarayan

11.11. That wears heavenly garlands and garments; has the unguent of heavenly sandal paste; it is all wonderful, shining (or godly), infinite; and it has faces in all directions.

English Commentary - Swami Sivananda

11.11 दिव्यमाल्याम्बरधरम् wearing divine garlands (necklaces) and apparel? दिव्यगन्धानुलेपनम् anointed with divine unguents? सर्वाश्चर्यमयम् the allwonderful? देवम् resplendent? अनन्तम् endless? विश्वतोमुखम् with faces on all sides.Commentary Visvatomukham With faces on all sides? as He is the Self of all beings.Devam God. Also means resplendent.Anantam Endless. He Who is free from the three kinds of limitations? viz.? DesaKalaVastuPariccheda (limitations of space? time? and thing respectively) is Anantam. He is Brahman. This philosophical concept is explained below.The pot is here. This is spacelimitatio. The pot is now here. This is timelimitation. The pot is not a cloth. This is thing(material) limitation. There is saffron in Kashmir only. This is limitation of space and thing. You can have apples only in September. This is limitation of time and thing. But Brahman is everywhere? as It is allpervading. It exists in the past? the present and the future. It dwells in all parts. Hence It is beyond these three limitations. It is therefore endless.

English Translation of Sanskrit Commentary By Sri Shankaracharya's

11.11 Divya-malya-ambara-dharam, wearing heavenly garlands and apparel-the God wearing celestial flowers and clothings; divya-gandha-anulepanam, anointed with heavenly scents; sarva-ascaryamayam, abounding in all kinds of wonder; devam, resplendent; anantam, infinite, boundless; and visvato-mukham, with faces everywhere-He being the Self of all beings. He showed (to Arjuna), or Arjuna saw, is to be supplied. An illustration is once more being given of the effulgence of the Cosmic form of the Lord:

English Translation of Commentary - Dr. S. Sankaranarayan

11.11 Sri Abhinavagupta did not comment upon this sloka.

English Translation of Ramanuja's Sanskrit Commentary

11.10 - 11.11 Divyam means resplendent. Anantam (boundless) means that form is not limited by time and space because of its being the foundation of the entire universe in the past, present and future. Visvatomukham means facing in all directions. This form is adorned with divine raiments, perfumes, garlands, ornaments and weapons appropriate to it. He explains the same resplendence expressed by the term Divyam:

Commentary - Chakravarthi Ji

Rudra Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

Of what unique nature was Lord Krishnas visvrupa or divine universal form? This is what is being stated. This form possessed unlimited faces, eyes and wonders to behold along with dazzling celestial ornaments and gleaming weapons. This universal form was resplendent, self effulgent, infinite and all pervading, wearing divine ornaments and apparel, decorated with heavenly flower garlands and fragrant unguents all exquisitely scented. In every direction extensive wonders, marvels and miracles abounded unlimitedly.

Brahma Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

The words sarvascarya-mayam meaning unlimited and amazing wonders denotes that Lord Krishnas visvarupa or divine universal form contained innumerable wondrous and marvellous forms of His.

Shri Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

Sanjaya who could visually see everything that transpired on the battlefield by the grace of Vedavyasa, uses the word divya meaning divine, to show the resplendent and celestial quality of everything associated with the Supreme Lord Krishna. The word anantam means unlimited denoting that the visvarupa or divine universal form is the refuge for all creation from the past, in the present and into the future and not subject to time and space. The words visvato-mukham means many faces in every direction. So the visvarupa is exhibited with the appropriate divine weapons, divine ornaments and divine apparel.

Kumara Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

Sanjaya who could visually see everything that transpired on the battlefield by the grace of Vedavyasa, uses the word divya meaning divine, to show the resplendent and celestial quality of everything associated with the Supreme Lord Krishna. The word anantam means unlimited denoting that the visvarupa or divine universal form is the refuge for all creation from the past, in the present and into the future and not subject to time and space. The words visvato-mukham means many faces in every direction. So the visvarupa is exhibited with the appropriate divine weapons, divine ornaments and divine apparel.

Transliteration Bhagavad Gita 11.11

Divyamaalyaambaradharam divyagandhaanulepanam; Sarvaashcharyamayam devam anantam vishwatomukham.

Word Meanings Bhagavad Gita 11.11

aneka—many; vaktra—faces; nayanam—eyes; aneka—many; adbhuta—wonderful; darśhanam—had a vision of; aneka—many; divya—divine; ābharaṇam—ornaments; divya—divine; aneka—many; udyata—uplifted; āyudham—weapons; divya—divine; mālya—garlands; āmbara—garments; dharam—wearing; divya—divine; gandha—fragrances; anulepanam—anointed with; sarva—all; āśhcharya-mayam—wonderful; devam—Lord; anantam—unlimited; viśhwataḥ—all sides; mukham—face