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⮪ BG 10.41 Bhagwad Gita Vaishnav Sampradaya Commentary BG 11.1⮫

Bhagavad Gita Chapter 10 Verse 42

भगवद् गीता अध्याय 10 श्लोक 42

अथवा बहुनैतेन किं ज्ञातेन तवार्जुन।
विष्टभ्याहमिदं कृत्स्नमेकांशेन स्थितो जगत्।।10.42।।

हिंदी अनुवाद - स्वामी रामसुख दास जी ( भगवद् गीता 10.42)

।।10.42।।अथवा हे अर्जुन तुम्हें इस प्रकार बहुतसी बातें जाननेकी क्या आवश्यकता है मैं अपने किसी एक अंशसे सम्पूर्ण जगत्को व्याप्त करके स्थित हूँ।

Rudra Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

Lord Krishna states in conclusion. What is the necessity of this limited version of Himself? It is better to see Him existing everywhere within every living being. What purpose is served by knowing all these facts separately when He alone pervades and sustains the total material creation with just a fraction of Himself. There is nothing existing beyond Lord Krishna. The Rig Veda V.X.XC.III states: The complete cosmic creation is manifested from one quarter of Himself. Because the mind continuously runs after external objects in its pursuit of pleasure through the senses, Lord Krishna enjoins everyone to try to see Him everywhere in everything and thus in this chapter He has magnanimously stated in brief His vibhuti or divine, transcendental opulence.

Brahma Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

The words kim jnatena tava used by Lord Krishna meaning what is the necessity of all this knowledge is to recall the primary reason for revealing His vibhuti or divine, transcendental opulence and not to indicate that knowledge of them was not of great value. Since this is true He would never state anything that is unnecessary or unreal. The Rig Veda confirms stating: Who can possibly be liberated from the cycle of birth and death without knowledge of the Supreme Lord phenomenal attributes and vibhuti. The adjective tava is used for clarification and indicates that since Arjuna is already a qualified devotee of Lord Krishna. The knowledge that has been revealed previously is for other aspirants and votaries in various levels of development; but the knowledge that is instructed subsequently hereafter will be exclusively for Him. Again the word kim is used to emphasise the importance of other means to perceive Lord Krishna. If there is attachment and greed and no renunciation what is the use of penance? If there is anger and lust and no equanimity what is the use of penance? The purpose of using the word kim is to emphasise the removal of attachment, greed, anger and lust. It is for affirming that it is more important to perceive Lord Krishnas presence in all places rather then to perceive Him in select differentiated places. Now begins the summation. The words kim jnatena also indicate that what is to be mentioned in the following chapters is more important then what has been previously related up till now. This does not mean that anything that Lord Krishna revealed previously is not important; but only that it is the foundation for what is yet to come. To be informed that what is to be told later is more important infers that what was told previously was more preparatory and denotes a connecting gradation in the information given. To be properly understood and assimilated knowledge must come in the proper sequence. Only by reflecting and meditating on Srimad Bhagavad-Gita as a collective whole will one come to realise its deeper purports and the ultimate truth.

Shri Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

Lord Krishna now informs that whatever has been confirmed as the reality regarding His vibhuti or divine, transcendental opulence is extremely minimal. In whatever condition the material creation may appear, be it the absolute reality of the supra subtle unmanifest state of the brahman being the spiritual substratum pervading all existence or be it the relative reality of the supra gross manifest state possessing the five elements. Whether existing temporarily or in perpetuity, the total creation comprised of cit or consciousness and acit or unconscious beings, objects and substances are structured in such a way as to not conflict with each other and never to go contrary against the Supreme Lords will. The blessed Parasara the father of Vedavyasa revealed in the Vishnu Purana that the whole creation is maintained by 110,000 part of 110,000 part of Lord Krishnas inconceivable power.

Kumara Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

Lord Krishna now informs that whatever has been confirmed as the reality regarding His vibhuti or divine, transcendental opulence is extremely minimal. In whatever condition the material creation may appear, be it the absolute reality of the supra subtle unmanifest state of the brahman being the spiritual substratum pervading all existence or be it the relative reality of the supra gross manifest state possessing the five elements. Whether existing temporarily or in perpetuity, the total creation comprised of cit or consciousness and acit or unconscious beings, objects and substances are structured in such a way as to not conflict with each other and never to go contrary against the Supreme Lords will. The blessed Parasara the father of Vedavyasa revealed in the Vishnu Purana that the whole creation is maintained by 110,000 part of 110,000 part of Lord Krishnas inconceivable power.