Share this page on following platforms.
Download Bhagwad Gita 10.42 Download BG 10.42 as Image

⮪ BG 10.41 Bhagwad Gita English BG 11.1⮫

Bhagavad Gita Chapter 10 Verse 42

भगवद् गीता अध्याय 10 श्लोक 42

अथवा बहुनैतेन किं ज्ञातेन तवार्जुन।
विष्टभ्याहमिदं कृत्स्नमेकांशेन स्थितो जगत्।।10.42।।

English Translation - Swami Gambirananda

10.42 Or, on the other hand, what is the need of your knowing this extensively, O Arjuna? I remain sustaning this whole creation in a special way with a part (of Myself).

English Translation - Swami Sivananda

10.42 But, of what avail to thee is the knowledge of all these details, O Arjuna? I exist, supporting this whole world by one part of Myself.

English Translation - Dr. S. Sankaranarayan

10.42. Or, O Arjuna ! Why this detailed statement ? I remain, pervading this entire universe with a single fraction [of Myself].

English Commentary - Swami Sivananda

10.42 अथवा or? बहुना (by) many? एतेन (by) this? किम् what? ज्ञातेन known? तव to thee? अर्जुन O Arjuna? विष्टभ्य supporting? अहम् I? इदम् this? कृत्स्नम् all? एकांशेन by one part? स्थितः exist? जगत् the world.Commentary The Lord concludes Having established or pervaded this whole world with one fragment of Myself? I remain.This verse is based on the declaration in the Purusha Sukta (RigVeda10.90.3) that One arter of Him is all the cosmos the three arters are the divine transcendent Reality.I exist supporting this whole world by one part? by one limit? or by one foot. One part of Myself constitutes all beings.All beings form His foot (Taittiriya Aranyaka 3.12). The whole world is one Pada or foot of the Lord. Amsa (part) or Pada (foot) is mere Kalpana or imagination or account of our own ignorance,or limiting adjunct. In reality Brahman is without any such parts or limbs and is formless.Arjuna has now a knowledge of the glories of the Lord. He is fit to behold the magnificent cosmic form of the Lord. Lord Krishna prepares Arjuna for this grand vision by giving him a description of His glories.Arjuna says O Lord? I now realise that the whole world is filled by Thee. I now wish to behold the whole universe in Thee with my eye of intuition.Thus in the Upanishads of the glorious Bhagavad Gita? the science of the Eternal? the scripture of Yoga? the dialogue between Sri Krishna and Arjuna? ends the tenth discourse entitledThe Yoga of the Divine Glories.,

English Translation of Sanskrit Commentary By Sri Shankaracharya's

10.42 Athava, or, on the other hand; kim, what is the need; of tava jnatena, your knowing; etena bahuna, this extensively-but imcompletely-in the above manner, O Arjuna? You listen to this subject that is going to be stated in its fullness: Aham, I; sthitah, remain; vistabhya, sustaining, supporting, holding firmly, in a special way; idam, this; krtsnam, whole; jagat, creation; ekamsena, by a part, by a foot [The Universe is called a foot of His by virtue of His having the limiting adjunct of being its efficient and material cause.] (of Myself), i.e. as the Self of all things [As the material and the efficient cause of all things]. The Vedic text, All beings form a foot of His (Rg., Pu. Su. 10.90.3; Tai. Ar. 3.12.3) support this. [A Form constituted by the whole of creation has been presented in this chapter for meditation. Thery the unalified transcendental Reality, implied by the word tat (in tattva-masi) and referred to by the latter portion of the Commentators otation (viz tripadasyamrtam divi: The immortal three-footed One is established in His own effulgence), becomes established.]

English Translation of Commentary - Dr. S. Sankaranarayan

10.19-42 Hanta te etc. upto jagat sthitah. I am the Soul etc. (verse 20) : By this [the Bhagavat] wards off the exclusion [of any being as different form Him]. Otherwise the sentences like Of the immovable [I am] the the Himalayas (verse 25) etc., would amount to the exclusive statement that the Himalayan range is the Bhagavat and not any other one. In that case, the indiscriminateness of the Brahman is not established and hence the realisation of the Brahman would be a partial (or conditioned) one. For, the [present] text of exposition is intended for that seeker whose mind cannot contemplate on the all-pervasiveness [of the Brahman], but who [at the same time] is desirous of realising that [all-pervasiveness]. Hence, while concluding, [the Bhagavat] teaches the theory of duality-cumunity by saying whatsoever being exists with the manifesting power etc., and then concludes the topic with the theory of absolute unity, as Or what is the use of this elaboration;৷৷৷৷.I remain pervading this [universe] by a single fraction [of Myself] This has been declared indeed [in the scriptures] as : All beings constitute [only] His one-fourth; His [other] immortal three-forths are in the heaven. (Rgveda, X, xc, 3). Thus, all this and the prime cause of creatures, are nothing but the Bhagavat (Absolute). And hence, He Himself becomes the object of knowledge of all, but being comprehended with the different strange alities.

English Translation of Ramanuja's Sanskrit Commentary

10.42 What is the use to you of this detailed knowledge taught by Me? I sustain this universe with an infinitesimal fraction of My power - this universe consisting of sentient and non-sentient entities, whether in effect or causal condition, whether gross or subtle - in such a manner that it does not violate My will in preserving its proper form, existence and various activities. As said by Bhagavan Parasara: On an infinitesimal fraction of this energy, this universe rests (V. P., 1.9.53).

Commentary - Chakravarthi Ji

Know the results that come from these many separate pieces of knowledge. By one portion alone, by the paramatma in human form, fixing myself (vistabhya) in the world which I have created, supporting this created world by being its basis, superintending the world by being its ruler, controlling the world by being its controller, pervading the world by being pervasive, and creating the world by beings its cause, I remain here. Everything in the universe is Krishna alone, and he is thus worthy of service. By intelligence given by that realization, one should taste his sweetness. This has ben explained in this chapter.

Rudra Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

Lord Krishna states in conclusion. What is the necessity of this limited version of Himself? It is better to see Him existing everywhere within every living being. What purpose is served by knowing all these facts separately when He alone pervades and sustains the total material creation with just a fraction of Himself. There is nothing existing beyond Lord Krishna. The Rig Veda V.X.XC.III states: The complete cosmic creation is manifested from one quarter of Himself. Because the mind continuously runs after external objects in its pursuit of pleasure through the senses, Lord Krishna enjoins everyone to try to see Him everywhere in everything and thus in this chapter He has magnanimously stated in brief His vibhuti or divine, transcendental opulence.

Brahma Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

The words kim jnatena tava used by Lord Krishna meaning what is the necessity of all this knowledge is to recall the primary reason for revealing His vibhuti or divine, transcendental opulence and not to indicate that knowledge of them was not of great value. Since this is true He would never state anything that is unnecessary or unreal. The Rig Veda confirms stating: Who can possibly be liberated from the cycle of birth and death without knowledge of the Supreme Lord phenomenal attributes and vibhuti. The adjective tava is used for clarification and indicates that since Arjuna is already a qualified devotee of Lord Krishna. The knowledge that has been revealed previously is for other aspirants and votaries in various levels of development; but the knowledge that is instructed subsequently hereafter will be exclusively for Him. Again the word kim is used to emphasise the importance of other means to perceive Lord Krishna. If there is attachment and greed and no renunciation what is the use of penance? If there is anger and lust and no equanimity what is the use of penance? The purpose of using the word kim is to emphasise the removal of attachment, greed, anger and lust. It is for affirming that it is more important to perceive Lord Krishnas presence in all places rather then to perceive Him in select differentiated places. Now begins the summation. The words kim jnatena also indicate that what is to be mentioned in the following chapters is more important then what has been previously related up till now. This does not mean that anything that Lord Krishna revealed previously is not important; but only that it is the foundation for what is yet to come. To be informed that what is to be told later is more important infers that what was told previously was more preparatory and denotes a connecting gradation in the information given. To be properly understood and assimilated knowledge must come in the proper sequence. Only by reflecting and meditating on Srimad Bhagavad-Gita as a collective whole will one come to realise its deeper purports and the ultimate truth.

Shri Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

Lord Krishna now informs that whatever has been confirmed as the reality regarding His vibhuti or divine, transcendental opulence is extremely minimal. In whatever condition the material creation may appear, be it the absolute reality of the supra subtle unmanifest state of the brahman being the spiritual substratum pervading all existence or be it the relative reality of the supra gross manifest state possessing the five elements. Whether existing temporarily or in perpetuity, the total creation comprised of cit or consciousness and acit or unconscious beings, objects and substances are structured in such a way as to not conflict with each other and never to go contrary against the Supreme Lords will. The blessed Parasara the father of Vedavyasa revealed in the Vishnu Purana that the whole creation is maintained by 110,000 part of 110,000 part of Lord Krishnas inconceivable power.

Kumara Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

Lord Krishna now informs that whatever has been confirmed as the reality regarding His vibhuti or divine, transcendental opulence is extremely minimal. In whatever condition the material creation may appear, be it the absolute reality of the supra subtle unmanifest state of the brahman being the spiritual substratum pervading all existence or be it the relative reality of the supra gross manifest state possessing the five elements. Whether existing temporarily or in perpetuity, the total creation comprised of cit or consciousness and acit or unconscious beings, objects and substances are structured in such a way as to not conflict with each other and never to go contrary against the Supreme Lords will. The blessed Parasara the father of Vedavyasa revealed in the Vishnu Purana that the whole creation is maintained by 110,000 part of 110,000 part of Lord Krishnas inconceivable power.

Transliteration Bhagavad Gita 10.42

Athavaa bahunaitena kim jnaatena tavaarjuna; Vishtabhyaahamidam kritsnamekaamshena sthito jagat.

Word Meanings Bhagavad Gita 10.42

athavā—or; bahunā—detailed; etena—by this; kim—what; jñātena tava—can be known by you; arjuna—Arjun; viṣhṭabhya—pervade and support; aham—I; idam—this; kṛitsnam—entire; eka—by one; anśhena—fraction; sthitaḥ—am situated; jagat—creation