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Bhagavad Gita Chapter 10 Verse 4

भगवद् गीता अध्याय 10 श्लोक 4

बुद्धिर्ज्ञानमसंमोहः क्षमा सत्यं दमः शमः।
सुखं दुःखं भवोऽभावो भयं चाभयमेव च।।10.4।।

हिंदी अनुवाद - स्वामी रामसुख दास जी ( भगवद् गीता 10.4)

।।10.4।।बुद्धि? ज्ञान? असम्मोह? क्षमा? सत्य? दम? शम? सुख? दुःख? भव? अभाव? भय? अभय? अहिंसा? समता? तुष्टि? तप? दान? यश और अपयश -- प्राणियोंके ये अनेक प्रकारके और अलगअलग (बीस) भाव मेरेसे ही होते हैं।

Shri Vaishnava Sampradaya - Commentary

The various moods, temperaments and dispositions of mankind all emanate from the Supreme Lord Krishna for He is the one who bestows them according to merit. 1) buddhi is the power of the mind to discriminate between the spiritual and the material 2) jnanam is exact knowledge relating to spiritual and non-spiritual matters. 3) asammohah is absence of false conceptions and correct perception of reality. 4) samah is maintaining equilibrium while amidst disturbing elements. 5) satyam is having the veracity to stand up and declare truth for the good of all beings. 6) damah is restraining the external organs from sense gratification. 7) samah is controlling the mind. 8) sukham is experiencing happiness and delightful emotions. 9) duhkham is experiencing affliction and unhappy emotions. 10) bhavah is birth of the blissful glow arising from a happy experience. 11) abhavam is the dire sorrow one feels which an unpleasant experience engenders. 12) bhayam is the dreadful fear one has in anticipation of some impending misfortune. 13) abhayam is the absence of fear for whatever may be impending. 14) ahimsa is non-violence to any being by thought, word, or deed. 15) samata is equanimity in whatever situation one finds their self whether good or bad. 16) tustis is contentment and amiability with all. 17) tapo is bodily austerities such as fasting for spiritual benefit according to the Vedas. 18) danam is beneficence or the giving in charity to one who is worthy. 19) yaso is fame and renown for possessing excellent qualities. 20) ayasyah is infamy and notoriety for possessing bad qualities. The subjects discussed here are the descriptions of mental states and imply the state of mind arising from activities designated by these dispositions. Such temperaments are the active and passive expressions which give impetus to engage in activities or lethargy to remain passive and refrain from engaging in activities. Yet all these mental states are bequeathed by the Supreme Lord to each of them according to merit accrued. The next verse will explain the active agents involved in the creating, sustaining and preservation of all of creation as all beings in all existences derive their impulses solely from the will and desire of Lord Krishna.